CEN: 1820 SC York District



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  • Title CEN: 1820 SC York District 
    Short Title CEN: 1820 SC York 
    Source ID S73 
    Text The Fourth Federal Census of 1820 states the name of the head of household only, with columns for ennumerating members of the household by sex, age, and race; it uses one additional age category (free white males between 16 and 18) as had been used for the 1810 Census, introduces basic analysis of occupational types, and includes sex and age categories for slaves, as follows:

    A: Free White Males under 10 yrs
    B: Free White Males 10-15
    C: Free White Males 16-17
    D: Free White Males 18-26
    E: Free White Males 27-45
    F: Free White Males 45+
    G: Free White Females under 10 yrs
    H: Free White Females 11-16
    I: Free White Females 16-26
    J: Free White Females 27-45
    K: Free White Females 45+
    L: Foreign (not naturalised)
    M: Total - Agriculture
    N: Total - Commerce
    O: Total - Manufacture
    P: Male Slave to 14 yrs
    Q: Male Slave 15-26 yrs
    R: Male Slave 27-45 yrs
    S: Male Slave 45+ yrs
    T: Female Slave to 14 yrs
    U: Female Slave 15-26 yrs
    V: Female Slave 27-45 yrs
    W: Female Slave 45+ yrs

    Household of James Darwin


    A: ♂ 0-9B: ♂ 10-15C: ♂ 16-17D: ♂ 18-26E: ♂ 27-45F: ♂ 45+G: ♀ 0-10H: ♀ 11-16I: ♀ 17-26J: ♀ 27-45K: ♀ 45+
    20010100100


    James Darwin's entry appears to show:

    himself (then aged 76)
    son-in-law Jeremiah Smith (then aged about 25)
    youngest daughter Mary (Darwin) Smith (also aged 25)
    grandson Jeremiah Smith, Jr. (born after 1810)
    grandson John B. Smith (born after 1810)

    The Census return for the family also shows 2 individuals are engaged in agriculture, and one male slave aged between 14 and 26.

    Household of John Darwin


    A: ♂ 0-9B: ♂ 10-15C: ♂ 16-17D: ♂ 18-26E: ♂ 27-45F: ♂ 45+G: ♀ 0-10H: ♀ 11-16I: ♀ 17-26J: ♀ 27-45K: ♀ 45+
    01000100111


    Likely composition of the household, in addition to John (aged 65) and wife Jane (aged 58) are:

    son Peyton Bland Darwin (aged 15)
    daughter Pamela Darwin (aged 17)
    daughter Rebecca Darwin (aged 32)

    Census also specifies "7" engaged in Agriculture, and includes a note that the household includes "a distillery."

    Slave schedule for the household:

    CategoryCount
    P: ♂ 0-14 yrs3
    Q: ♂ 15-26 yrs3
    R: ♂ 27-45 yrs1
    S: ♂ 45+ yrs0
    T: ♀ 0-14 yrs0
    U: ♀ 15-26 yrs1
    V: ♀ 27-45 yrs1
    W: ♀ 45+ yrs0

    Household of John Bland Darwin


    John Darwin's son, John Bland Darwin (1791-1854) appears as a householder in his own right for the first time in the 1820 Census:
    A: ♂ 0-9B: ♂ 10-15C: ♂ 16-17D: ♂ 18-26E: ♂ 27-45F: ♂ 45+G: ♀ 0-10H: ♀ 11-16I: ♀ 17-26J: ♀ 27-45K: ♀ 45+
    00002010100


    3 of the 4 members of the household may be readily identified:

    John B. Darwin (aged 29)
    wife Gilly (aged 19)
    daughter Cynthia (infant).

    Identity of the male aged 27-45 is unknown; a possible candidate might be John. B.'s younger brother, Robert G., though the age range is not quite right (he would have been 25), so the identification is far from certain.

    Household of John Powell


    A: ♂ 0-9B: ♂ 10-15C: ♂ 16-17D: ♂ 18-26E: ♂ 27-45F: ♂ 45+G: ♀ 0-10H: ♀ 11-16I: ♀ 17-26J: ♀ 27-45K: ♀ 45+
    20001031010


    Enumeration does not quite match expected:

    [A]: unknown male, <11
    [A]: unknown male, <11
    [E]: John Powell, 35
    [G]: Naomi Cynthia Powell, 5
    [G]: Rachel Diana Powell, 7
    [G]: Lucinda Powell, 10
    [H]: Jane D. Powell, 11
    [I]: Rachel (Darwin) Powell, 30

    Household of William P. Berry


    A: ♂ 0-9B: ♂ 10-15C: ♂ 16-17D: ♂ 18-26E: ♂ 27-45F: ♂ 45+G: ♀ 0-10H: ♀ 11-16I: ♀ 17-26J: ♀ 27-45K: ♀ 45+
    00010011000


    [D]: William P. Berry, 23
    [G]: unknown female, <10
    [H]: Matilda (Darwin) Berry, 23 (should be column [I])
     
    Linked to William P. BERRY
    Jane BLAND
    Cynthia Arian DARWIN
    James DARWIN
    John DARWIN
    John Bland DARWIN
    Mary DARWIN
    Matilda DARWIN
    Pamela DARWIN
    Peyton Bland DARWIN
    Rachel DARWIN
    Rebecca DARWIN
    Robert G. DARWIN
    Jane D. POWELL
    John POWELL
    Lucinda POWELL
    Naomi Cynthia POWELL
    Rachel Diana POWELL
    Gilly SANDLIN
    Jeremiah SMITH
    Jeremiah SMITH, Jr.
    John B. SMITH 

  • Census (USA)
    CEN: 1820 SC - York (1)
    CEN: 1820 SC - York (1)
    Fourth Federal Census:
    John Darwin
    James Darwin
    CEN: 1820 SC - York (2)
    CEN: 1820 SC - York (2)
    Fourth Federal Census:
    John Bland Darwin
    CEN: 1820 SC - York (3)
    CEN: 1820 SC - York (3)
    Fourth Federal Census:
    John Powell
    CEN: 1820 SC - York (4)
    CEN: 1820 SC - York (4)
    Fourth Federal Census:
    William P. Berry