4.081 John Cowan DARWIN

Male 1816 - 1875  (59 years)


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  • Name John Cowan DARWIN 
    Title 4.081 
    Born 1816  Jefferson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • place of birth not certain
    Gender Male 
    Census 1830  Jackson County, AL Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    John C. Darwin (age 14) presumed in household of father, John M. Darwin 
    Census 1850  Titus County, TX Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    "J.C.Darwin" (age 34) 
    Census 1870  Cooke County, TX Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    John C. Darwin (age 52), Teamster  
    Died May 1875  Cooke County, TX Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Commentary: DWD 4.81

      The 1850 census for Titus Co., TX, records John Cowan Darwin and his family as follows:

      J. C. Darwin 34 m Tenn
      Lucinda 24 f Ala
      Lewis 7 m Tex
      Nancy 5 f Tex
      Lucinda 2 f Tex

      I was unable to find the family on the 1860 census but 20 years later in 1870, John is in Cooke Co:
      Darwin, John C. 52 Ala
      Lucinda 44 Tenn
      James M. 16 Tex
      Martha J. 3 Tex
      Perry, Asa 18 Tex

      Asa Perry was probably a work hand living by the family.

      The adjacent household was that of John's son, Louis Charles Darwin shown as Lewis in 1850, who was recorded by his middle name only in 1870: - Darwin, Charles 27 Tex, along with his wife Jane 28 Ind, a daughter and two sons from Jane's previous marriage. The next household after listed the family of John's daughter, Lucinda, who had married a David Matthews.

      I've laid out these two census records to show that over a twenty-year period that John's wife was named Lucinda, which must have been her pet name because all other legal documentation which include references to the same children in the census records above shows her name was Pernina Darwin, in various different spellings recorded (e.g. Penninah, Pernina, Pnina). If we fast track forward to 1911, I can illustrate this point in a deed dated 18 Nov. 1911 (Book 113 p.92)(see Sources, below).

      It is interesting to note that on the 1870 TX census above that John C. Darwin and Lucinda reverse their places of birth from the 1850 TX census which may have been a muddled mistake by the census enumerator because I am satisfied that that the 1850 TX census is correct in regard to John being born in Tennessee and therefore I presume that Lucinda was born in Alabama, which would suggest that they met and married in Alabama around 1840 before they migrated to Texas and where their first child, Louis Charles Darwin, was born 1842 in Titus County. However, this is not a certainty because it is also possible that Pernina Bailey (Lucinda) was born in Alabama but grew up in Texas, where she may then have met John circa 1840 because her father, Amos C.C. Bailey, had served the Republic of Texas in the army and later received 2673 acres of land in Cooke Co., TX ( A.C.C. Bailey Survey, Abstract 44).

      According to the affidavit made by Louis in September 1913 when applying for a soldier's pension from the Civil War, having served the Confederacy, he moved with his parents from Titus County to Gainesville, Cooke County, TX, in 1854 and the family was most probably living on Amos Bailey's estate in 1860 and this may account for why I did not find them on the census records. I also believe that Amos Bailey died around this same period of 1860, consequently Pernina inherited 243 acres of land in the settlement of her father's estate on 29 April 1861 (Book 5 p.562/566)(see Sources, below).

      John and Pernina spent the rest of their lives at their home in Cooke County, which was located about 4 miles south east of Gainesville. I understand that Pernina died in 1873, so that when her husband, John C. Darwin died two years later in May 1875, David and Lucinda Matthews took their youngest daughter Martha into care with their own children. I was in error in showing the youngest child of the family on my chart as John Marion Darwin b. ca 1871 (i.e. not shown on the 1870 census). This mistake came about only because I had the death record of J. Marion Darwin, who died of liver cancer, 12 Aug. 1922, and the death record named his parents as J.C. Darwin and Pernina Bailey, so naturally I assumed that the initial letter J stood for John in both the names of father and son (Gainesville City Death Records for 1922, File 208 p.24). However, I subsequently read a newspaper obituary of the same J.M. Darwin, where it stated that he died 67 years old and I then realised then that this was James Marion Darwin b. 1854 whose middle name was previously unknown to me except as initial M.
      [4, 5]
    • References:

      Frances Cocoran
      Hazel Darwin McGuire

    • Sources pending:

      1850: Census - Texas - Titus County

    Person ID I3762  DARUSA | Descendants of William Darwin
    Last Modified 25 Feb 2013 

    Father John M. DARWIN,   b. 1781, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1856, Jackson County, AL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years) 
    Mother Sally BLACKBURN,   b. 1790, Jefferson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. After 1850, Jackson County, AL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years) 
    Married Abt 1808 
    Family ID F1073  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Pernina BAILEY,   b. 1826, AL Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1873, Cooke County, TX Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 47 years) 
    Married About 1840  AL Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • place of marriage not certain
    Children 
    +1. Louis Charles DARWIN,   b. 1842, Titus County, TX Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Jul 1926, Cooke County, TX Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 84 years)
     2. Nancy DARWIN,   b. 1845, TX Find all individuals with events at this location
    +3. Lucinda V. DARWIN,   b. 01 Jan 1849, Titus County, TX Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Dec 1929, Cooke County, TX Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years)
    +4. James Marion DARWIN,   b. 1854, Titus County, TX Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Aug 1922, Cooke County, TX Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
     5. Martha J. DARWIN,   b. 1867, TX Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 11 May 2009 
    Family ID F1240  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1816 - Jefferson County, TN Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - John C. Darwin (age 14) presumed in household of father, John M. Darwin - 1830 - Jackson County, AL Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - About 1840 - AL Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "J.C.Darwin" (age 34) - 1850 - Titus County, TX Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - John C. Darwin (age 52), Teamster - 1870 - Cooke County, TX Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - May 1875 - Cooke County, TX Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Sources 
    1. [S92] CEN: 1830 AL Jackson.

    2. [S264] CEN: 1850 TX Titus.

    3. [S317] CEN: 1870 TX Cooke.

    4. [S58] LOC: TX-HO: 1861 Estate Settlement of Amos C.C. Bailey, Hopkins County, Texas, Deed Book 5, pp.562-66; 18 November 1911.

    5. [S59] LOC: TX-CO: 1911 Darwin/Proffer Land Deed, Cooke County, Texas, Deed Book 113, p.92; 18 November 1911.