3.16 John M. DARWIN

Male 1781 - 1856  (75 years)


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  • Name John M. DARWIN 
    Title 3.16 
    Born 1781  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Census 1790  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    John M. Darwin (age 9) presumed in household of father, James Darwin 
    Census 1800  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    John M. Darwin (age 19) presumed in household of father, James Darwin 
    Court & Legal 13 Sep 1806  York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    John M. Darwin (age 25) witness to land purchase by Joseph Leech from James Currier  
    Census 1820  Limestone County, AL Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    John M. Darwin (age 39) sole member of household, with one hired hand 
    Census 1830  Jackson County, AL Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    "John M. Darwin" (age 49) 
    Land Purchase 20 May 1831  Jackson County, AL Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    John M. Darwin (age 50) purchases 80 acres of public land 
    Census 1840  Jackson County, AL Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    "John M. Darwin" (age 59) 
    Census 1850  Jackson County, AL Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    "John Darwin" (age 69) 
    Died 1856  Jackson County, AL Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Commentary: DWD 3.16

      I had very little information on the children of John M. Darwin until September 1999, when I was mailed an unexpected but very welcome package from Hazel Darwin McGuire that gave me a comprehensive picture of the descendants of John's son, John Cowan Darwin, who settled in Cooke Co., TX. Unfortunately, Hazel could not trace the family back an earlier generation from her Texas roots and knew nothing about the Alabama background of John M. Darwin's family. In return for the generosity of Hazel's information, I felt obliged to draw up a chart for John M. Darwin although there were many gaps in my knowledge and my mainstay was dependent on census records.

      I received only one reply from a descendant of Jane Darwin in Jackson Co., AL, and he had managed to trace his line back to Jane Darwin with some assistance by corresponding with Frances Corcoran though he was unsure as to the identity of Jane's husband.

      I had a discussion with Frances concerning John M. Darwin's family and she was quite convinced that John had taken plural wives. At the time I drafted my chart, I believed that the available records supported this supposition as the 1850 census for Jackson Co., AL, shows John Darwin with a wife Sally, aged 60, and Janie, aged 35, who has to be the mother of the younger children shown in the household. I have given John M. Darwin's death date as 1856, which is based on an entry in the Alabama genealogical publication Valley Leaves (Vol. 5) for the Probate Records 1856 Jackson Co., Ala.: "Acc. Of John G. Dixon ? Darwin J.M. ? Estate" and this date connects with Jane Darwin's last child, a son, Alison Darwin who was born April 1857.

      In my search for the older children shown on the 1830 AL census for Jackson Co. where John M. Darwin was shown to have a household of 7 males and 3 females in addition to himself, I was having great difficulty making up the numbers for these children even including both Darwin and Darvin families in my search spectrum. To digress for a moment, I received a letter from Robert C. Darwin of Rowlett, TX, who stated that there was a dispute among the Darwins of Cooke Co. as to whether the correct name was Darwin or Darvin and this was aside from Hazel Darwin McGuire's father adopting the Dervin spelling. I've mentioned this to make you aware how far you may have to search to find possible descendants of John M. Darwin if the Cooke Co. Darwins are typical for the group. As a result I readily accepted as a son, Arthur Darvin, who is listed in the Byron Sistler publication for the 1850 Tennessee census living in Cannon Co., TN, aged 37 born in Tennessee, with wife Rebecca, aged 38, and 4 children plus Elizabeth, aged 55, born in NC, who as Elizabeth Darvin had to be Arthur's mother and this reinforced the notion that John had more than one wife.

      Unfortunately, I have to admit that I was in error and my chart is incorrect because I was led astray firstly by the census entry in the Byron Sistler publication which was based on a difficult to read census record which with the help of Tim Grana's website where magnification shows that the name is not Arthur Darvin but Arthur Warrin (Warren), so this eliminates Arthur as a son and one possible wife for John.

      Secondly, examination of the full 1880 census for Jackson Co., AL, shows that Jane Darwin's father was born in S. Carolina and her mother born in Tennessee and that is just about conclusive that Jane is John's daughter and not a wife so the argument for plural wives disappears at a stroke but we are left with the admission that Jane was unmarried and raising a family within her parents household.

      In tracing John's route from S. Carolina to Jackson Co., AL, we have only stepping stones of information that start with the preparation for his departure from York Co., SC, when on 26 Mar. 1807 he sold 150 acres on the north side of the Broad River for $800 to Joseph Leach. I have to surmise that John travelled to Hickman Co., TN, along with the family of Jane and Thomas Petty in 1807 and it was possibly in Hickman Co. that John's son James was born about 1809 to his wife Sally.

      I understand that Sally Blackburn was born in Jefferson Co., TN, so it is possible that John met and married Sally there and also started his family there. The only evidence I have that John was in Tennessee is from his son, John Cowan Darwin, who gives Tennessee as his birthplace and is aged 34 on the 1850 Texas census.

      John M. Darwin only remained in Tennessee for about ten years before moving on to Alabama, where I believe he is listed on the 1820 census in Limestone Co., AL, and of which I have no information apart from deducing that his son, Gideon Darwin, was born there in 1818 (from the 1850 CA census where Gideon Darwin is listed as a miner, aged 32, born AL).

      By 1830, John had established his home in Jackson Co., AL, and the census record of that year indicates that he now had a family including seven males and three females as noted above. The Land Records of Jackson Co. show that John purchased 80 acres of land on 5 Aug. 1830. On 29 Sept. 1830, James W. Darwin also purchased 80 acres of land in Jackson Co. and at the time I produced my family chart, I was uncertain whether this James was his brother from St. Landry Parish, LA, or whether it was John's eldest son, still living at home, who had reached the age of majority as indicated by the 1830 AL census. I now have some indication that this is his son James, married to Nancy Blackburn who was connected on his mother's side of the family. I do not have the contents of these Jackson Co. Land Records, which are listed as follows:


      1. John M. Darwin, 5 Aug. 1830, 80.00 acres
      2. James W. Darwin, 29 Sep. 1830, 80.00 acres
      3. John Cowan Darwin, 5 Jan. 1836, 39.88 acres
      4. Susan A. Darwin, 29 Oct. 1836, 39.97 acres
      5. John C. Darwin, 27 Feb. 1837, 39.96 acres
      6. Jane Darwin, 1 June 1860, 80.01 acres

      Research of these land deeds may bring an answer to the question regarding the identity of James W. Darwin and Susan A. Darwin and whether the deeds 3, 4, 5 & 6 are additional tracts of land or divisions of the original land referenced in 1 & 2.

      Once it was determined that John M. Darwin's wife, Sally, was from the Blackburn family of Tennessee and Alabama, it confirmed that she was John's first wife (and not the Elizabeth Darvin as suggested above), since the name Gideon is a very popular name for a son in Blackburn families and relates back to an ancestor, the Rev. Gideon H. Blackburn (1772-1838) who was notable for his mission schools. John and Sally's son George C. Darwin (whose data I extracted from the 1850 Arkansas census, where he is listed with his wife Missouri, as: "Geo. C. Derwin 29 M Saddler Ala.") is I now believe the earliest settler of the Arkansas branch of this family group and should be shown on my Jackson County AL chart for John M. Darwin in place of Bryant Darvin (which was an error on my part).
    • References:

      Frances Corcoran
      OD
    Person ID I2711  DARUSA | Descendants of William Darwin
    Last Modified 9 May 2010 

    Father James DARWIN,   b. 19 Jun 1744, Louisa County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1825, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years) 
    Mother Mary COWAN,   b. 14 Sep 1746,   d. Abt 1818, York County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years) 
    Married 11 Mar 1766 
    • probably York, SC
    Family ID F0102  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Sally BLACKBURN,   b. 1790, Jefferson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. After 1850, Jackson County, AL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years) 
    Married Abt 1808 
    Children 
    +1. James W. DARWIN,   b. Abt 1809, Jefferson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location
    +2. Mary DARWIN,   b. Abt 1810, Jefferson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location
    +3. William B. DARWIN,   b. Abt 1811, Jefferson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1848  (Age ~ 37 years)
     4. daughter DARWIN,   b. Abt 1813
    +5. Jane DARWIN,   b. 1815, Jefferson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. After 1880, Jackson County, AL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years)
    +6. John Cowan DARWIN,   b. 1816, Jefferson County, TN Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. May 1875, Cooke County, TX Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years)
     7. Gideon DARWIN,   b. 1818, AL Find all individuals with events at this location
    +8. George C. DARWIN,   b. 1821, Jackson County, AL Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1870, AR Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 49 years)
     9. son DARWIN,   b. Abt 1824
     10. Benjamin M. DARWIN,   b. 1829, Jackson County, AL Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified 8 May 2009 
    Family ID F1073  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1781 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - John M. Darwin (age 9) presumed in household of father, James Darwin - 1790 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - John M. Darwin (age 19) presumed in household of father, James Darwin - 1800 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - John M. Darwin (age 25) witness to land purchase by Joseph Leech from James Currier - 13 Sep 1806 - York County, South Carolina Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - John M. Darwin (age 39) sole member of household, with one hired hand - 1820 - Limestone County, AL Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "John M. Darwin" (age 49) - 1830 - Jackson County, AL Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsLand Purchase - John M. Darwin (age 50) purchases 80 acres of public land - 20 May 1831 - Jackson County, AL Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "John M. Darwin" (age 59) - 1840 - Jackson County, AL Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "John Darwin" (age 69) - 1850 - Jackson County, AL Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 1856 - Jackson County, AL Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Documents
    LOC: AL-JA 1830: John M. Darwin Land Deed
    LOC: AL-JA 1830: John M. Darwin Land Deed

  • Sources 
    1. [S37] CEN: 1790 SC York.

    2. [S38] CEN: 1800 SC York.

    3. [S129] LOC: SC-YO: 1806 Currier/Leech Land Deed, York County SC Deed Book G, p. 162.

      Sale by James Currier of 100 acres for $175 to Joseph Leech. Witnesses: George Cowan Darwin and John M. Darwin.

    4. [S83] CEN: 1820 AL Limestone.
      The rest of John M. Darwin's family, not listed on this census, presumed to be living with relations in Tennessee at this date.

    5. [S92] CEN: 1830 AL Jackson.

    6. [S226] LOC: AL-JA: 1830 John M Darwin Land Deed , Jackson County AL Deed Book, reference pending ; dated 5 August 1830.

      Jackson County AL Deed Book (reference pending), dated 5 August 1830: purchase of 80 acres by John M. Darwin; purchase, of previously public land, confirmed 20 May 1831

    7. [S111] CEN: 1840 AL Jackson.

    8. [S252] CEN: 1850 AL Jackson.
      "John Darwin, M, 69, Farmer, $40 Real Estate, b. NC"