3.30 William DARWIN

3.30 William DARWIN

Male 1786 - 1862  (75 years)

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  • Name William DARWIN 
    Title 3.30 
    Born 08 Nov 1786  York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Census 1790  York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    William Darwin (age 4) presumed in household of father, John Darwin 
    Census 1800  York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    William Darwin (age 14) presumed in household of father, John Darwin  
    Taxation 02 Mar 1812  Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    William Darwin (age 25) on tax list of inhabitants of Franklin County TN as at 1 Jan 1812 
    Military Service Sep 1812  Winchester, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    William Darwin (age 25) enlists as a private in the 2nd Regiment Mounted Gunmen, West Tennessee Volunteers (Cannon's Regiment) 
    Military Service 15 Dec 1812  Dittos Landing, Madison County, Alabama, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    William Darwin (age 26) receives discharge 
    Census 1820  Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    "William Darwin" (age 34) 
    Census 1830  Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    "William Darwin" (age 44) 
    Will 22 Nov 1836  York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    William Darwin (age 50) named beneficiary in father's Will  
    Census 1840  Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    "Wm Derwin" (age 54)  
    Census 1850  Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    "William Derwin" (age 64) 
    Military Service 31 May 1851  Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    William Darwin (age 64) applies for Military Pension  
    Slave Transaction 27 Feb 1852  Nashville, Davidson County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [10
    William Darwin (age 65) named in Act of State of Tennessee directing return to of a slave, "Clarissa", from State penitentiary  
    Military Service 02 Jul 1855  Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    William Darwin (age 68) applies for Land Bounty (references 40 acres previously received; granted 120 acres in Michigan (sold in 1858) 
    Census 1860  Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [11
    "William Darwin" (age 74) 
    Died 24 May 1862  Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Commentary: DWD 3.30

      When I first drafted the chart for William Darwin and Elizabeth Powell, I did not have the bible record for William Darwin's children, which shows that the first child was Thomas Franklin Darwin born: 6 Feb. 1809. My main source of information for my chart was the 'Darwin Record', which was compiled by Emma Lu Darwin (1879-1952) that showed the eldest child as John P. Darwin, born 10 Sep. 1810.

      Emma Lu does not actually make note of the marriage date of William and Elizabeth but I was given a date 17 Jan. 1809 which seemed reasonable at the time but which I now question as to its validity. I believe that the date 17 Jan. 1809 is either a misreading or modification of the date 17 Jan. 1819, taken from the bible record possessed by Mrs. Mary Darwin Hope of 623 Grant St, Atlanta, GA, which gives this date as the marriage of not only William to Elizabeth, but also for John Powell to Rachel Darwin, as well as William Berry to Matilda Darwin.

      Rather than being a coincidence in the date of these three marriages, I actually find none of them acceptable and question the source of these records. Comparing the above with the Darwin/Bland bible record, that shows the marriage of William Berry and Matilda Darwin at a date ten days earlier on January 7th 1819 (which could possibly be misread as January 17th 1819 where the upstroke of the letter y in January may look vaguely like a 1) and the entries for the marriages of both William Darwin and John Powell show the dates left blank (pending entries) from which it looks to me as if the Mary Darwin Hope bible has made a rather poor extrapolation of the Darwin/Bland bible record because John Powell's first child was also born in 1809 and I note that Tim Grana has located John Powell's wedding date as 4 Feb. 1808 from the Hart Genealogy Collection in York, S. Carolina.

      If there is any coincidence of wedding dates, then the two Darwin/Powell marriages would make sense in 1808 and not 1819 in order to match the birth records of their first born. Other published references which I believe also emanate from the Mary Darwin Hope bible quote the 1819 marriage date for William and Elizabeth which would mean that they raised a family for ten years out of wedlock and then produced three sons who chose the Christian ministry? Hardly a likely scenario and hence my conclusion that someone felt obliged to modify the date 17 Jan. 1819 to 17 Jan 1809, both arising from an initial incorrect rationale and for this reason I have shown the marriage date to be ca 1808 (which could possibly be 4 Feb. 1808, same as the John Powell date?).

      I have placed the move of William and Elizabeth Darwin with their son Thomas (who I have referenced as born 6 Feb. 1809 in N. Carolina) to Franklin Co., TN, at around 1810 though the family fails to be listed on the 1810 Tennessee census, as later census records show that the next child, John Powell Darwin, was born 10 Sept. 1810 in Tennessee. The Darwin homestead in Franklin County was established southwest of Decherd and evidence of the family is still recorded at the Darwin Cemetery close by, located on the north side of the railroad track that heads towards Winchester. William's headstone reads:
      Capt. Wm. Darwin Born Nov. 8th 1786 & Died May 24th 1862 Age 75Y 5M & 14D

      While his army service is unknown, his age would suggest that he was a Captain in the War of 1812. I was surprised that the listing I was given for the Darwin Cemetery did not include William's wife Elizabeth but correspondence with Gayle Blankenship reveals that another survey of the cemetery did locate her grave: Eliz. Born Oct. 14th 1791 & Died Aug. 25th 1871.

      On the death of William in May 1862, the Civil War had been raging for just over a year and the fighting would get much closer to the Darwin homestead with the decline in the fortune of the Confederate States. On 16 August 1863, General Rosecrans moved his Union Army south from Murfreesboro in several columns across Franklin County towards the River Tennessee, which was reached four days later near Stevenson, Alabama. A battle was fought within sight of the family home and according to William's granddaughter, Geo Ann Doney, the family-silver and money was buried in a bucket before the Union Army arrived.

      In 1865 in the settlement of William's estate, his youngest son, Peyton Bland Darwin, born 5 Aug. 1834, bought the old home and maintained the farming practice.
    • References:

      VFL
      OD
      Robert E. Darwin
    • Notes by Lt. Col. Darwin Sneed Holton

      William Darwin b. 1786: War 1812, Volunteered Sept 1812 at Winchester, Tenn. in a Co., commanded by Capt. Jones. His Regiment was commanded by Col. Cannon. He was discharged near Ditto's Landing about 15 Dec 1812. Service was as a pvt. - maybe rank of Capt. came as a Tenn. Militiaman later. Applied for a pension 31 May 1851. Applied for a land grant 2 July 1855 at Franklin Co., Tenn. made reference to 40 acres previously granted. Grant of 120 acres issued, located in Mich. - sold 23 Aug 1858 to Thomas and John Byrne.
    Person ID I2692  DARUSA | Descendants of William Darwin
    Last Modified 9 May 2010 

    Father John DARWIN,   b. 19 Mar 1755, Darwin Home (Hollowing Creek), Louisa County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jul 1837, John Darwin Home (Stooping Pines), York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years) 
    Mother Jane BLAND,   b. 02 Jan 1762, Edgefield County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Mar 1827, York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Married 11 Mar 1783  [12
    Notes 
    • Place unknown for certain, but probably York SC (where John was fighting as a partisan). A number of secondary sources cite Maryland as marriage venue, but primary source for this assertion is unknown.
    Family ID F0101  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Elizabeth POWELL,   b. 14 Oct 1791, North Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Aug 1871, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years) 
    Married 17 Jan 1808  South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [13, 14
    Children 
     1. Thomas Franklin DARWIN,   b. 6 Feb 1809
    +2. John Powell DARWIN,   b. 10 Sep 1810, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Nov 1868, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years)
    +3. William Powell DARWIN,   b. 29 Jun 1812, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. After 1878, Falls County, Texas, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 66 years)
    +4. Jane DARWIN,   b. 17 Sep 1814, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1896, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 81 years)
     5. Nancy DARWIN,   b. 29 Oct 1816, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. Amelia DARWIN,   b. 13 Jul 1818, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Jun 1824, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 5 years)
    +7. Francis Marion DARWIN,   b. 09 Dec 1820, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 03 Aug 1894, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years)
     8. Elizabeth DARWIN,   b. 12 Mar 1823, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. After 1880, Texas, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 57 years)
    +9. Robert DARWIN,   b. 05 Mar 1825, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Oct 1855, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 30 years)
    +10. James Madison DARWIN,   b. 05 Mar 1827, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Mar 1912, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 85 years)
    +11. Thomas Jefferson DARWIN,   b. 05 Mar 1827, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Oct 1909, Fayette County, Texas, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 82 years)
    +12. George Washington DARWIN,   b. 08 Jan 1830, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Sep 1904, Robertson County, Texas, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years)
     13. Andrew Jackson DARWIN,   b. 06 Mar 1832,   d. 21 Aug 1850  (Age 18 years)
    +14. Peyton Bland DARWIN,   b. 05 Aug 1834, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 06 Mar 1908, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years)
    Last Modified 30 Nov 2009 
    Family ID F0107  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 08 Nov 1786 - York County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - William Darwin (age 4) presumed in household of father, John Darwin - 1790 - York County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - William Darwin (age 14) presumed in household of father, John Darwin - 1800 - York County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 17 Jan 1808 - South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsTaxation - William Darwin (age 25) on tax list of inhabitants of Franklin County TN as at 1 Jan 1812 - 02 Mar 1812 - Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary Service - William Darwin (age 25) enlists as a private in the 2nd Regiment Mounted Gunmen, West Tennessee Volunteers (Cannon's Regiment) - Sep 1812 - Winchester, Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary Service - William Darwin (age 26) receives discharge - 15 Dec 1812 - Dittos Landing, Madison County, Alabama, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "William Darwin" (age 34) - 1820 - Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "William Darwin" (age 44) - 1830 - Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsWill - William Darwin (age 50) named beneficiary in father's Will - 22 Nov 1836 - York County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "Wm Derwin" (age 54) - 1840 - Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "William Derwin" (age 64) - 1850 - Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary Service - William Darwin (age 64) applies for Military Pension - 31 May 1851 - Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsSlave Transaction - William Darwin (age 65) named in Act of State of Tennessee directing return to of a slave, "Clarissa", from State penitentiary - 27 Feb 1852 - Nashville, Davidson County, Tennessee, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMilitary Service - William Darwin (age 68) applies for Land Bounty (references 40 acres previously received; granted 120 acres in Michigan (sold in 1858) - 02 Jul 1855 - Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "William Darwin" (age 74) - 1860 - Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 24 May 1862 - Franklin County, Tennessee, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    William Darwin (1786-1862) and Elizabeth (Powell) Darwin (1791-1871)
    William Darwin (1786-1862) and Elizabeth (Powell) Darwin (1791-1871)
    Scan of photocopied images

  • Sources 
    1. [S20] BIB: 1880: Mary Darwin Hope Bible.
      "William Darwin b. 11-8-1786 d. 1863"

    2. [S37] CEN: 1790 SC York.

    3. [S38] CEN: 1800 SC York.

    4. [S232] LOC: TN-FR: 1812 Franklin County Tax List, 1812 Frankllin County TN Tax List, (transcribed by Judy Henley Phillips at TN Genweb), Roll 3.

      "Agreeable to an act of the General Assembly passed at Knoxville November the first 1811 for taking an inumeration of the free taxable inhabitants of the State I do certify that I have taken all those who are entitled to a vote for members of the General Assembly at the next election and who on the first day of January in the year 1812 did live in the district in which I was appointed to take such list of taxable property and polls given in on my hand this 2nd day of March 1812."

    5. [S80] CEN: 1820 TN Franklin.

    6. [S104] CEN: 1830 TN Franklin.

    7. [S133] WIL: SC-YO: 1836 Will of John Darwin, York County Will Book G, p. 544, July 1837.

    8. [S114] CEN: 1840 TN Franklin.

    9. [S260] CEN: 1850 TN Franklin.

      "William Derwin, 64, M, Farmer, $16,500 real estate, b. SC"

    10. [S122] STA: TN: 1852: Acts of the State of Tennessee XII, Acts of the State of Tennessee, Passed at the First Session of the Twenty-Ninth General Assembly, for the Years 1851-2 , (Nashville: Bang & McKennie, Printers to the State, 1852).

      "Resolved by the General Assembly of the State of Tennessee, That the Superintendent of the Penitentary, be and he is hereby authorized and directed to deliver over to Capt. William Darwin, of Franklin county, or his agent, a negro slave named Clarissa, now confined in said Penitentiary
      "


    11. [S270] CEN: 1860 TN Franklin.

      William Darwin, 74, M, Farmer, Real Estate $25,500, Personal $23,510, b. SC

    12. [S20] BIB: 1880: Mary Darwin Hope Bible.
      "John Darwin, b. 3-19-1755, d. 7-13-1837, and Jane Bland, b. 1-2-1762, d. 3-10-1827, m. 3-11-1783"

    13. [S1] BIB: 1837: Darwin/Bland "Bible", Quarto Page M.
      "William Darwin and Elizabeth Powell was Maried" (no date given)


    14. [S20] BIB: 1880: Mary Darwin Hope Bible.
      "William Darwin and Elizabeth Powell, 1-17-1819"
      Christopher B. Darwin notes: date is miscopied (from marriage of William Berry and Matilda Darwin)