3.11 William Washington DARWIN

Male 1769 - 1852  (82 years)


Personal Information    |    Media    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name William Washington DARWIN 
    Title 3.11 
    Born 12 Aug 1769  York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Census 1790  York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    William W. Darwin (age 21) presumed in household of father, James Darwin 
    Court & Legal 1792  York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    William W. Darwin (age 23) witness to land purchase by Francis King from Thomas King  
    Census 1800  Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    "Wm Derwin" (age 31) 
    Census 1820  Jackson County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    "William Darwin" (age 51)  
    Residence Oct 1849  Rhea County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    William W. Washington (age 80) at home of eldest son, James Adams Darwin 
    Census 1850  Madison County, Alabama, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    "Wm. Darwin" (age 81) in household of son, George W. Darwin 
    Died 1852  Madison County, Alabama, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Liberty Hill Cemetery, Madison County, Alabama, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Commentary: DWD 3.11

      I was given a birth date for William W. Darwin as 12 Aug. 1762 and while the day and month may have some substance, I rather believe that the year 1762 was based on a rough estimate made in order to fit William Washington Darwin into the line of the conjectured 'Rev. John Darwin (1718-1800) who came to America?', as identified in the article Leaves from the Family Tree by Penelope Johnson Allen (1933). The article also notes that that William died 1853, while most sources quote the previous year 1852.

      I showed a death date for Jane Adams Darwin of 1825 on my chart, which was extracted from the publication Records of Rhea by T.J. Campbell (1940) and seemed reasonable at the time since the last child born in 1824 was Pendleton Gaines Darwin (at which date Jane would have been 50, an unlikely age for a child but not impossible).

      I have subsequently been given some notes written by Mattie Patton Darwin (1876-1966), who was the librarian at Huntsville, AL, for many years, stating that William Washington Darwin settled in Jackson Co., TN, in 1808 and after the death of his first wife Jane, he married again and his second wife (no name given) was the mother of the younger children. Having studied her statement, I do believe that it fits in with the little recorded data that is available.

      There is evidence from the records of the El Bethel Baptist Church of Union Co., SC, that George Cowan Darwin and his family departed South Carolina in or after February 1808 and as such it is very likely that George was accompanied by his brother William, along with wife Jane and their four sons, James (aged 11), twins George & William (aged 8) and John L. Darwin (aged 9). I don't know why February or maybe March was chosen which is not the warmest time of year to travel but perhaps the move was tied into the land purchase or the sowing of crops on the new land. The journey using packhorses or small carts that are more conducive to the hilly terrain of East Tennessee would have taken approximately a month, possibly more with so many young children in both families, to reach Jackson County.

      The most probable route that they took through the Appalachian barrier was Walnut Gap, which is at an elevation of 2,200 feet, via Warm Springs (today it's named Hot Springs, NC, on US Highway 70), twenty five miles northwest of Ashville, NC, and then following the course of the French Broad River to Knoxville where it junctions with the Holston River to form the Tennessee. The route would have continued along the present day US Highway 70 via Kingston to Crab Orchard and once passed the Crab Orchard Mountains, the land opens out to the rolling bluegrass country of Middle Tennessee leading north-westwards to Jackson County.

      Is it possible that the strain of the journey and settling down in an undeveloped tract of land at the end of winter had a debilitating effect on Jane? I do not have Jane's death date which I'm informed was around 1810 and for some reason the 1810 census for Jackson Co. fails to show either Darwin family so that by the 1820 census for William Darwin in Jackson Co., the household shows his second wife, Elizabeth (Gaines) Darwin and three of his sons who from the ages indicated are likely to be the twins George and William, aged almost 21, and Robert Cowan Darwin who is reckoned to be about 9 years old.

      It is believed that William's eldest son, James Adams Darwin, having married in 1816, had already departed the home and was at the household of his wife's parents in Jackson Co. as he fails to be recorded on the 1820 Tennessee census.

      Likewise, William Washington Darwin is not found on either the 1830 or 1840 census records and it is thought that he moved to Madison Co., AL, where his son George made his home. However, William also spent some time with his eldest son, James Adams Darwin, after he had made his home in Rhea Co., TN, as testified by a copy of a family letter from son Andrew that was written 28 Feb. 1849 to Mr. G.C. Darwin, Jr., Highland, Jackson County, Tennessee:

      Dear Cousin, You also wrote that you wanted to know something about my father, he is living at James'. I saw him since I received your letter and he told me that he had wrote to your uncle George last fall. (Signed) A.M. Darwin


      If this letter is correct, then William moved within a year back to his son George, where he is shown aged 81 on 1850 Alabama census in Madison County and resided there for the rest of his life.
    • References:

      Ann Darwin
      Fred A. Darwin
      Hope D. Beisinger
      Dero A. Darwin, Jr.
      Penelope Johnson Allen, Leaves from the Family Tree, Chattanooga Times (1933)
      Leslie S. Hill
    Person ID I2686  DARUSA | Descendants of William Darwin
    Last Modified 14 Feb 2013 

    Father James DARWIN,   b. 19 Jun 1744, Louisa County, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1825, York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 80 years) 
    Mother Mary COWAN,   b. 14 Sep 1746,   d. Abt 1818, York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 71 years) 
    Married 11 Mar 1766 
    • probably York, SC
    Family ID F0102  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Jane ADAMS,   b. 1774,   d. Abt 1810  (Age 36 years) 
    Married 1795  York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
    +1. James Adams DARWIN,   b. 12 Aug 1796, York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Sep 1872, Rhea County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 76 years)
    +2. John L. DARWIN,   b. Abt 1798, York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1830, Madison County, Alabama, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 32 years)
    +3. George Washington DARWIN,   b. 08 Oct 1799, York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jan 1865, Madison County, Alabama, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years)
    +4. William W. DARWIN,   b. 08 Oct 1799, York County, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Aug 1838, Morgan County, Alabama, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 38 years)
     5. Robert Cowan DARWIN,   b. Abt 1810, Jackson County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1840  (Age ~ 30 years)
    Last Modified 30 Mar 2012 
    Family ID F0104  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Elizabeth GAINES,   b. Abt 1780, Virginia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Before 1850  (Age ~ 70 years) 
    Married Abt 1820 
    • ? in Tennessee
    Children 
    +1. Andrew Mitchell DARWIN,   b. 16 Dec 1820, Jackson County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Mar 1890, Sonoma County, California, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)
    +2. Pendleton Gaines DARWIN,   b. 21 Jan 1824, Jackson County, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Aug 1869  (Age 45 years)
    Last Modified 7 May 2009 
    Family ID F1174  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 12 Aug 1769 - York County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - William W. Darwin (age 21) presumed in household of father, James Darwin - 1790 - York County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCourt & Legal - William W. Darwin (age 23) witness to land purchase by Francis King from Thomas King - 1792 - York County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 1795 - York County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "Wm Derwin" (age 31) - 1800 - Spartanburg County, South Carolina, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "William Darwin" (age 51) - 1820 - Jackson County, Tennessee, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - William W. Washington (age 80) at home of eldest son, James Adams Darwin - Oct 1849 - Rhea County, Tennessee, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus - "Wm. Darwin" (age 81) in household of son, George W. Darwin - 1850 - Madison County, Alabama, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 1852 - Madison County, Alabama, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Liberty Hill Cemetery, Madison County, Alabama, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Headstones
    William Washington Darwin (1769-1852) - headstone
    William Washington Darwin (1769-1852) - headstone
    IN MEMORY OF
    WILLIAM WASHINGTON
    DARWIN
    BORN AUG. 12, 1769 YORK CO. SC
    DIED 1852 MADISON CO. AL
    [modern stone]

    Census (USA)
    CEN: 1800 SC - Spartanburg
    CEN: 1800 SC - Spartanburg
    Second Federal Census:
    William W. Darwin (unconfirmed)

  • Sources 
    1. [S37] CEN: 1790 SC York.

    2. [S101] LOC: SC-YO: 1792 King/King Land Deed, York County, South Carolina, Deed Book E, page 230: .

      Sale by Thomas King of 75 acres on Bullock Creek to Francis King (part of 1789 grant to Thomas King): witnesses include William Washington Darwin.

    3. [S71] CEN: 1800 SC Spartanburg.

    4. [S81] CEN: 1820 TN Jackson.
      immediate neighbour of brother George Cowan Darwin and nephew Richmond Darwin

    5. [S267] FAM: TN-JA: 1849 Letter of Andrew M. Darwin to George C. Darwin, Jr..

      "Dear Cousin, You also wrote that you wanted to know something about my father [William Washington Darwin], he is living at James' [James Adams Darwin]. I saw him since I received your letter and he told me that he had wrote to your uncle George last fall. (Signed) A.M. Darwin"

      Within a year, William W. Darwin returned to Alabama

    6. [S288] CEN: 1850 AL Madison.