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From my correspondence with Fred Arrants Darwin, I understand that George, who was born October 8, 1799, had the full name of George Washington Darwin, while his twin brother was named William Washington Darwin. I do not doubt this fact but I must admit that I've never seen their full names printed elsewhere and I thought that I should put it on the record here.
Alabama territory created by Act of March 3, 1817, became a state two years later and for a short while between 1819 and 1820, Huntsville was the State Capital, so when George W. Darwin bought land north of Huntsville in the early 1820s, he was among the pioneers of the territory in farming the undeveloped land.
He married Belinda Humphrey on 24 December 1822 in Madison County and Belinda only lived to the age of 31, when she died 13 October 1836, leaving George with a family of five young children. Belinda is buried in the Humphrey-True Cemetery, Madison Co., AL.
At the beginning of 1838, George married again Susannah True and successfully established himself at his home where he raised a large family, whose descendants still live on the same surrounding lands to this day and maintain the farming tradition.
|DARWIN, 4.032 George Washington (I3696)
Unlike his twin brother, George, and father, William, who settled in Madison Co., AL after their move from Jackson Co., TN, William W. Darwin Jr. pushed further south and crossed the River Tennessee to settle in Morgan Co., AL near Decatur.
William died 1838 in Morgan County where his wife, Celia, remained to raise the family and she appears as head of household on the 1840 Alabama census. Celia Darwin remarried Richard M. Bouldin on 18 March 1849 in Morgan Co., AL, and the family is shown on the 1850 Alabama census with the two of the Darwin children, James and Mary, still living at home where they are listed as students.
|DARWIN, 4.033 William W. (I3697)
In 1850, Andrew Mitchell Darwin is listed on the Tennessee census, aged 29, living in the household of Thomas C. Darwin in Rhea County, TN, where he would have been helping Thomas run the farm. Shortly thereafter, Andrew headed out to Fresno, California, during the Gold Rush with prospects of a more lucrative life.
I do not know if he struck it rich but in 1880, he appears on the California census at Santa Rosa, Sonoma County, as a stock raiser and farmer so I reckon that he found enough gold to set himself up successfully in farming. Andrew and Martha had one natural daughter, Addie Cole Darwin, who I believe died young and then they fostered Georgia A. Cannon, who is shown aged 4 in 1880. Later Georgia was fully adopted and took the Darwin name and subsequently the family inheritance.
|DARWIN, 4.035 Andrew Mitchell (I3704)
Little is known about Pendleton Gaines Darwin, who was born 21 January 1824 in Jackson Co., Tennessee. By 1850, the Alabama census for Choctaw County shows Pendleton, aged 26, living in the household of William Waldripe and his wife Elizabeth, where Pendleton's occupation was given as a mechanic.
I believe that he married Martha Cooper in 1851 and to this union there were three children who were all born possibly in Choctaw Co., AL.
During the Civil War, Pendleton enlisted 18 March 1862 as a private in Co. D, 1st Battalion Alabama Light Artillery Regt CSA at Choctaw County and served from 23 Apr. 1862 to 30 Apr. 1864, at which time he transferred to the 29th Regt Alabama Volunteers.
As regards his death in "Indian Territory", I note that Mattie Patton Darwin makes the cautious statement:
Pendleton Gaines Darwin. Supposedly killed by the Indians when going out to California to join his brother Andrew. Last heard of in St. Louis where he joined a wagon train for the West.
|DARWIN, 4.036 Pendleton Gaines (I3705)
Richmond Darwin and his family have been difficult to follow from the outset and I previously mentioned in Section 3.12 that Richmond gives his birthplace as S. Carolina on the 1860 TN census, while ten years later and still living at Butlers Landing, TN, he claims his birthplace as Virginia and then in 1880, he reverts back to S. Carolina, which I have opted for above.
I read in the Nettles Papers that based on records located, Richmond married and lived in Jackson County, Tenn., and his first wife died leaving him with a small son. That he moved to Randolph County, Ill., either after or before his second marriage. . . I rather suspect that the records being quoted is the 1820 TN census, which in the printed published book edition fails to show Richmond Darwin's wife who was enumerated in the age group 17-20, so the book only lists Richmond with one young son.
I have been given the name of Richmond's first wife as "Miss Rogers" from an early listing compiled by Dero A. Darwin and while this cannot be documented positively, I am of the opinion that it is of more than just hearsay evidence and prefer to offer this name of Rogers than leave a blank as it gives a pointer for future research. It's my belief that his first wife lived at least up to 1840.
As regards Richmond's second wife, Mary, whom I understand was known as Polly, I've been given the following information:
Polly Stafford Anderson married 1st: Bailie Butler
2nd: Laurence Manning Anderson
3rd: Richmond Darwin
I was not supplied the dates of these marriages but I have observed that Polly's son, also named Baly Butler on the 1860 TN census and aged 17, was living in Richmond Darwin's household which means that Polly was with her first husband right up to 1843. I don't know how short lived her second marriage was but I estimate that she married Richmond sometime after 1850, allowing for some interval between the three marriages.
We can trace Richmond's movements with the help of the census records for his household, as well as those for his children's families, from which we know that his third son, Leroy, was born in 1828 while the family was still living in Jackson Co., TN.
Shortly after the birth of Leroy, Richmond moved south across the Tennessee river to Morgan Co., AL, where he is listed on the 1830 census, with his wife, three sons and what appears to be three daughters though it is probable that the female, aged 15-20, is probably a domestic servant or possibly a relative as she was not enumerated previously on the 1820 TN census.
It would seem that Richmond Darwin was not satisfied with his home in Alabama probably because it had become too small for his expanding family and by the mid 1830s, he moved again this time north to Illinois, where he purchased land in August 1836 in Randolph County. Richmond and his eldest son, John Granville Darwin, are listed in separate households on the 1840 census and while his three sons were to remain with their respective families in Illinois and are listed there on the 1850 census, Richmond once again settled up and is next found to be resident in St. Mary's Parish, LA, where he is listed with the family of his daughter, Elizabeth M. Darwin.
After all his travels looking for greener pastures, Richmond finally completed the circle and returned to Jackson Co., TN, where he is listed with his second wife, Mary, at Butlers Landing on both the 1860 and 1870 TN census. By 1880, Richmond was living in the household of his youngest daughter, Margaret (Darwin) Dale, in Clay Co., TN.
|DARWIN, 4.037 Richmond (I1052)
William Green Darwin at the age of 5 first came to Jackson Co., Tenn., where 25 years later he married Mary Burke on 21 February 1833 and his wife Mary, known as Polly, was born and raised in Jackson County. Her father, Capt. John Burke, was a native of S. Carolina and had served in the Revolutionary War and also participated in the War of 1812, commanding a company. After his military days were over , he settled in Jackson Co., TN, where he had a plantation worked by slaves and would live out the remainder of his life.
The 1850 Tennessee census indicates that the Darwin Plantation lands were now occupied by the three households of George Cowan Darwin Sr., aged 78, who was sharing his home with the children of a Jones family, adjacent to him was the family of his son, George Cowan Darwin Jr. and further along was the home of the elder son William and his family.
This idyllic family scene would be shattered the following year by the death of William, when he was killed by a horse in August 1851, the day before his 48th birthday. I do not have the details as to whether he was riding the horse when the accident occurred but he died of a broken neck and it was his wife Mary, left with a family of five sons and four daughters, who would see yet another tragedy in the event of the Civil War, where four of her sons served the Confederacy.
Her eldest son, John, enlisted in 1861 in the 25th Tennessee Infantry Regt. serving under General Bragg, and like so many other young soldiers contracted an infection, dying of measles in 1864. Lon Houston Darwin enlisted May 1861 and was severely wounded while serving with the 8th Tennessee Infantry Regt. at Jonesboro during the Battle of Atlanta on 22 July 1864. A shell exploded near him, laying him unconscious and fracturing his jaw, which never healed right when Lon eventually recovered from his injuries. William Harrison Darwin, who enlisted in 1862, unlike his brother went through the war without a scratch. He was captured by Union troops and was a prisoner for ten months at a camp in Elmira, NY. George Chapman Darwin enlisted in Jan. 1863, in the same regiment as his brother Lon and was also to get captured. He served until the close of June 1864 but was a prisoner at Camp Morton, Indianapolis for nearly a year.
Shortly after Lon Darwin returned to Jackson Co., TN, from Georgia at the end of the war, he decided to leave for a new life in Texas and for his mother it must have felt like losing another of her sons, because as it turned out Lon never did visit Tennessee again due to his commitments in Texas. I have a letter written to Lon in October 1866 by Mary (Burke) Darwin that intimates her feelings as a mother:
Oct the 5 1866
I take this presente opportunity of writing you a few lines to let you no that I am well & I hope when this letter comes to hand it may find you enjoying the same like blessing. I would like to see you very well, it seems like you never intend to come to see me any moor, you never has sed whether you was coming or not. I have no news to write that would interest you only Cyriss McCarver has move back to this country for to stay I think and Agniss has married she married before he left the ills J.L. Case has move to the ills he has bin gone three weeks to day and I have bin cooking for him back for he wont stay long you no Lon I will send you some close by Jub Wheeler he sed he would carry them to you. One coat 1 pare of pants 2 pare of drorss 1 shirt 2 pare socks 1 book now I will come to a close by saying to you write soon and give me the news for I would like to hear from you every day fare well for awhile
Your affection Mother
By 1870, Mary is shown, aged 56, living in the household of her son, George Chapman Darwin and his wife Harriet along with their first child, Nannie Belle who was five months old, where two years later Mary died three weeks short of her 59th birthday.
|DARWIN, 4.040 William Green (I1058)
Both George Cowan Darwin Jr. and his wife, Margaret, were born and bred in Jackson Co., TN, and they would both stay there for the remainder of their lives. George lived on his father's plantation and helped with the farming and after the death of his father on 30 July 1853, George inherited the family farm despite being the youngest son and as circumstances would dictate, he in turn would pass the farm on to his youngest son who also happened to be a third George Cowan Darwin.
A review of the family in July 1853 would show that all of George's brothers were deceased except for the eldest, Richmond, who had left Tennessee some twenty-five years previously and was then living in Louisiana but would return shortly to Jackson Co., TN, to make his home at Butlers Landing. The second eldest brother, Chapman, who I understand became a doctor and practiced medicine in Tennessee, had died at the age of 41 in August 1840, while the third eldest brother, William, had died tragically two years earlier in August 1851 as related in Section 4.40.
George, like his father before him, made farming a prosperous business and was to raise a family of twelve children. He and his wife, Margaret, are both buried in the Darwin Cemetery alongside George Cowan Darwin Sr. at White's Bend, three miles west of Flynn's Lick, Jackson Co., TN.
|DARWIN, 4.045 George Cowan Jr. (I2840)
Henry Palmer Nettles was born 10 Feb.1814 in Jackson Co., TN, about five years after his father, Joseph K. Nettles, moved there with his family from S. Carolina. Henry was a farmer and remained in Jackson County after his marriage 9 July 1835 to Sally H. Darwin until 1850, where he is listed on the Tennessee census with Sally and their first five children.
The next year, the family was noted to be in Illinois where their daughter, Lenora, was born 19 Dec. 1851 at Chester, Randolph County. There is a possibility as noted by the author of the "Nettles Papers" that the family may have been staying with Sally's brother, Richmond Darwin, in Randolph County during their brief sojourn there, because shortly after they continued their journey west, crossing the River Mississippi to settle in Shannon Co., MO, where they made their final home and where their last three children were born.
|DARWIN, 4.046 Sally Harrington (I1066)
As I could not word it better, I am going to repeat verbatim the account submitted by Mrs. Elvin (Lois) Smith of Salem, MO, to the author of the "Nettles Papers":
On Jan. 2, 1840, Elizabeth Darwin married Peter Smith, of Jackson County, Tenn. He was the grandson of a James K. Smith, who was a slave trader or buyer. 'Aunt Nancy Smith', his daughter, said that he was a half breed Indian and bought slaves for the Darwin family who owned a large plantation. Understandably, the Darwin family did not approve of Elizabeth's match. They ran away and were married and the Darwin family more or less disowned Elizabeth. Later on, Peter and Elizabeth moved to Missouri.
In Missouri, evidently they first lived on Spring Valley, near Round Springs. Later they lived in Lewis Hollow, near the Sunk-lands. They first lived in a 'half-house', (a shed, probably of logs, with curtains of skins for shelter, in the front.) Peter was a hunter and trapper. Elizabeth and Pete had a family of nine children, the first few of whom were born in Tennessee.
Their youngest child, Alex, was only a few weeks old when Pete, his Dad, was working not too far from their home. Pete heard Elizabeth screaming. He ran for the house, and found Elizabeth had killed a bear with an axe. The bear had been trying to get in the house. She collapsed, and Pete carried her to the bed. She was never able to be up again and died shortly thereafter, in July of 1858. Whether she died of shock or of internal injuries, they never knew.
|DARWIN, 4.048 Elizabeth C. (I1070)
Delilah and John Richmond were living in Flynn's Lick, Jackson Co., TN, where their first five children were born. Shortly after 1850, the family moved from Tennessee to settle in Missouri. Delilah died before 1870 because the 1870 census for Texas Co., MO, shows that John had remarried to a woman named Margaret.
|DARWIN, 4.049 Delilah Jane (I1072)
Thomas D. Petty Jr. came to Tennessee with his parents in 1807 and settled in Dickson Co., TN. He is first referenced witnessing a land deed, when his father purchased 1051 acres in Hickman Co., TN, from Robert Weakley on 11 Jan. 1808.
He married 1810, Keziah Humble, who was known in the family as Terry, and Thomas is shown to have a family of 4 sons and 2 daughters on the 1820 TN census. On 1 Dec. 1823, Thomas purchased 100 acres of land from his father: Thomas Petty Sr. of Dickson Co., Tenn., sold for $100 to Thomas Petty Jr. of Dickson Co., Tenn., 100 acres of land on west side of Pine River, to west line of tract conveyed to said Petty by Robert Weakley. Part of tract granted to Aaron Lambert by North Carolina, then conveyed to Robert Weakley, from him to Thomas Petty Sr. Recorded 9 Aug. 1825 (DB D p.73/74).
On 2 Aug. 1827, Thomas extended his land holding when he purchased a further 137 acres of adjoining land: Robert Murray of Carroll Co., Tenn., sold for $250 to Thomas Petty Jr. of Dickson Co., Tenn., 137 acres of land in Hickman Co., Tenn., on both sides of Pine River & Beaver Creek including mouth of Turkey Creek, beginning on west bank of Pine River, then to Thomas Petty's south boundary. Recorded 14 Oct. 1828 (DB G p.28).
By 1830, Thomas was in Henderson Co., TN, with his son Elisha and after his death in 1840, his wife Terry (Humble) Petty moved back to Hickman Co., TN, where she is listed on the 1850 TN census living with her son, George Petty./blockquote>
|PETTY, 4.050 Thomas Daniel Jr. (I3711)
James Darwin Petty, like his brother Thomas Petty Jr. above, came to Tennessee with his parents in 1807 and grew up in Dickson Co., TN, where he probably married his wife Sarah about 1820 and where all his children were born. He moved with his family to Navaro County, Texas around 1848 and lived there the remainder of his life.
|PETTY, 4.051 James Darwin (I3529)
George Valentine Petty also came to Tennessee with his parents in 1807, where he married Polly Redden on 23 Oct 1883.
We can trace the movements of the family by the birthplaces of their children. The first seven children were born in Dickson/Hickman Co., TN, then the family moved to Humphreys Co., TN, some time after 1835 where Marie Louise, George and Eliza L. Petty were born and lastly, their youngest son, Jasper Sevier Petty, was born 19 Nov. 1850 in Navaro Co., TX. It is very probable that they all made the journey from Tennessee to Texas around 1848 with the family of his brother, James Darwin Petty as noted in Section 4.51.
|PETTY, 4.053 George Valentine (I3715)
It was noted in Section 3.13 that John M. Petty's parents, Thomas Petty Sr. and Jane (Darwin) Petty sold their remaining land in Dickson Co., TN, to their son James Darwin Petty on 2 April 1834 and moved to Benton Co., TN, in 1835. They were accompanied by their youngest daughter, Keziah A. Petty and the families of their sons, John M. Petty and Robert Cowan Darwin making up the party.
I don't know when John and his family left Benton Co., TN, for Texas but there is a possibility that they travelled there with his brothers, James and George and their respective families, around 1848. However, John decided to settle in Upshur Co., TX, while his two brothers made their homes further west in Navarro Co., TX, which is almost south of Dallas.
|PETTY, 4.054 John M. (I3716)
Mary D. Petty was the first child of Thomas Petty Sr. and his wife, Jane (Darwin) Petty, to be born in Tennessee, after they arrived in Dickson County from S. Carolina. Mary would remain there for the whole of the forty years she lived and all her children were also born in Dickson Co., TN. I do not know what happened to her first husband, Robert Martin, and have little other information about her life.
|PETTY, 4.055 Mary D. (I3717)
Robert Cowan Petty was the youngest son of Thomas Petty Sr. and Jane (Darwin) Petty. He was born 20 Nov. 1812 in Dickson Co., TN, near the Piney River about one mile north of the border with Hickman County.
It was noted in Section 3.15 that Thomas Petty Sr. had sold half of his original land holding to his brother, Gabriel Petty, in January 1820 and consequently the children of Gabriel and Sarah (Darwin) Petty had grown up alongside those of Thomas. Gabriel Petty's eldest son, Samuel, had married about 1825, Margaret Jefferson Wells, who was known as Peggy Petty within the family. To this union there were two daughters: Eliza born 1826 and Sarah born 1828. A year later in 1829, Samuel Petty died and the widowed Margaret was left without support and became dependent for help from Gabriel Petty's family who were living nearby.
Robert Cowan Petty, who preferred to be called R.C., was still living with his parents in the same area and struck up a relationship with Margaret despite being her junior by over six years, which led to marriage on 27 Oct. 1831. After their marriage, they remained living in the household of Thomas Petty Sr., who was now aged 66 while his wife Jane was approaching sixty, so help was needed in running the home and on 3 June 1833, Peggy gave birth to their first child, Mary Pryannah Petty. Also in 1833, Peggy's eldest daughter, Eliza Petty, died at the age of six. As noted previously in Section 4.54, on 2 April 1834, Thomas Petty Sr. sold his remaining land in Dickson Co., TN, to his son James Darwin Petty and in 1835, Thomas with wife Jane and daughter Keziah along with the families of John M. Petty and R.C. Petty moved west to the area that was about to become Benton Co., TN. Shortly after arriving in Benton County, Peggy gave birth to twin daughters, Jane Caroline Petty and Keziah Albine Petty, on 8 July 1835.
According to The Petty Papers, R.C. Petty was well educated for his time and would be known later in life as Doctor Petty because of his knowledge of medicine. He was also versed in knowledge of law and in 1836 he was Sheriff in Benton County. It was through his office as Sheriff that he first came into contact with the Mormons when in June 1836, two Elders of the Mormon Church had been arrested in Benton County for their teachings and R.C. Petty brought them to his home rather than leaving them in jail. Here they preached the gospel to the family and it is stated that Robert's father, Thomas Petty Sr., was converted and baptized.
The Magistrate Court records in Benton County show that after the case was heard, the two Elders were let go since they agreed to pay the court costs and leave the county immediately.
A year later on 18 Aug. 1837, R.C. Petty made official claim to the property that he had been living on. These 101 acres were granted under the Tennessee Occupancy Law. This land became available as it was cultivated and R.C. Petty made an additional claim for a further 46 acres on 30 Sep. 1837. During this period he became more interested in the Mormon Church through the association of his father's activity and those who visited his home and became increasingly familiar with the doctrines. Then in 1841 his father, Thomas Petty Sr., died at the age of 76 and both R.C. Petty and his brother John M. Petty were appointed executors to the estate. In 1844, Albert Petty who had moved to Iowa in 1837, returned to Benton Co., TN, as a Mormon Missionary. Albert was related to R.C. Petty by marriage only, as his wife Catherine Petty, a daughter of George and Lydia (Harrington) Petty was Robert's first cousin. Through his teachings Robert completed his conversion and on 4 Apr. 1844 he was baptized a member of the Mormon Church.
His wife, Peggy Petty, was not so inclined. She had grown up with a strong Methodist background and did not accept the Mormon teachings. Following his baptism, R.C. Petty was ordained an Elder in the Church and was immediately chosen as the branch president of the Eagle Creek Branch, where he worked to strengthen and lead the members of his congregation over the next few years. After the death of his mother, Jane (Darwin) Petty in December 1844, Robert decided to migrate west to join other members of the Mormon Church and began planning the trip. He sold off his property and gave a portion to his stepdaughter, Sarah (Petty) Russell who was married to John Russell, and by 1846 he was ready to depart. Peggy tried to stop the move and insisted that she would not leave and was offered the choice; she could stay or she could leave but he and the children were moving west. She chose to leave with him, so in the summer of 1846, the family departed Benton Co., TN, with all their possessions. The route took them in a northerly direction, most probably up through Illinois as far as St. Louis and then northwest across Missouri State to its north border with Iowa, finally reaching their destination of Council Point, Pottawattamie Co., Iowa, where they joined up with other Mormon families who were planning the next stage of their trek west. Robert, with his experience and responsibility, set about building a homestead and preparing the land for cultivation before the expected cold of winter arrived so that the family would be adequately protected. A report for 20 Feb. 1847 in the Journals of Wilson Woodruff, an early Mormon pioneer and later a President of the Church of Jesus Christ and the Latterday Saints, notes:
Saturday, Feb. 20th: This day witnessed a very disagreeable and tedious snowstorm. I visited the branch of the church in the place and organized it according to the form or pattern. Brother Petty was Captain of 100 mostly made up in that place. We drove our team to Cegg Creek. . .
It was while in Council Point, Iowa, that Peggy Petty gave birth to their son, John Petty, born 20 Mar. 1848, and their daughter, Margaret Jefferson Petty, born 13 Sept. 1849. Also in the spring of 1849, R.C. Petty married a plural wife, as was the custom of the early Mormons. This wife, Mary Adelia (Carbine) Northrup, was the young widow of Amos Northrup, who had died during the winter, leaving his wife with an infant daughter. Robert was asked by the church leaders to take her as his wife and care for her and her daughter as part of his family since she was without home or support, having been in Iowa for only a short time when her husband died. In January 1850, Mary Adelia Petty gave birth to her first son, Llewellyn Petty in Council Point.
By the 22 July 1850, the Mormon group was ready to start the move west and left Council Point, crossing the River Missouri, they followed the north bank of the River Platte in the direction of Fort Kearney, which they reached by the middle of July. They continued westward parallel with the River Platte and en route R.C. Petty's youngest child, Llewellyn Petty, who was six months old died and was buried on the morning of 18 July 1850. Then R.C. Petty himself was taken sick with pleurisy on 20 July and was dangerously ill for several days until he recovered.
At the end of September, the wagon train had reached Fort Bridger (Wyoming) and then they finally reached their destination of Salt Lake City on 14 Oct. 1850. After their arrival in the Salt Lake Valley, Robert and his family were assigned to settle with the community south of Salt Lake called Fort Herriman, which was a fertile area west of the Jordan River. For the next five years, life was productive for the family and several of Robert's daughters married and set up their own homes with their husbands, then on 6 April 1855 during the General Conference of the Church, Robert among other members were called to serve a proselytising mission to the Oklahoma Indian Territory.
On 7 May 1855, Robert left his home in company with the other missionaries and travelled south, arriving 4 July 1855 at the residence of Captain Jacob Croft on the Spavinaw River near Grand River in the Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory. It was during this missionary period, that R.C. Petty became sick again during July 1855 and while his health appeared to improve by August, he had a relapse in September from which he never really recovered over the next six months and he died at 2.45 A.M. on the morning of Saturday 2 Feb. 1856.
Following Robert's death, the wives and younger children in Salt Lake City fell back on the several sons in law for support. In Nov. 1857, Martha Narcissa Petty married William Hendricks Lewis. One month later, on Dec. 17, Mary Adelia Petty married George Roberts Grant, and took her children into a new home. In the spring, on 11 March 1857, Louisa Minerva Petty married Samuel Egbert. In the fall of 1859, William Hendricks Lewis and some of the other men in Fort Herriman were called by the church leaders to take their families and settle a community in northern Utah called Richmond. Together with his wife and children, William took his mother in law, Peggy Petty and her younger children.
|PETTY, 4.057 Robert Cowan (I3719)
Keziah A. Petty moved with her parents from Dickson Co., TN, to Benton Co., TN, in 1835 just before her twentieth birthday.
She married Jacob H. Whitehorn in Camden, Benton Co., TN, and after their marriage they moved to Carroll Co., TN, where all their children were born. I have little other information about Keziah Whitehorn except for the abstract of her will:
Carroll Co., Tenn. Wills VOL 2, p. 222.
Testatrix: Keziah Whitehorn of Carroll County, Tennessee.
dated: 23rd February 1879.
Son: George T. Whitehorn
Son: Elvis B. Whitehorn
Son: James S. Whitehorn
Son: Joseph David Whitehorn
Granddaughter: Laura Whitehorn daughter of G.T. Whitehorn
Granddaughter: Mollie Whitehorn daughter of E.B. Whitehorn
Granddaughter: Hester Whitehorn daughter of E.B. Whitehorn
Executor: Friend G.W. Humble
Witnesses: John Conyers, and John S. Whitehorn
Date of Probate: 5th of March 1879.
|PETTY, 4.058 Keziah Albine (I3720)
The first four children were born in Jackson Co., TN, and the last four were all born in Arkansas. The 1850 census shows the family in Union Twp, La Fayette Co., AR, where Benjamin is shown age 9 months, born in Arkansas, and there is a suggestion that William G. Dudney (age 5) was born in Missouri while Harriet (age 3) was born back in Tennessee. The 1860 AR census in Magnolia Twp, Columbia County lists all the three mentioned children born in Tennessee though it is my opinion that Benjamin was born in Arkansas as listed in 1850.
|DUDNEY, 4.063 Elihu (I3543)
Samuel married Margaret Jefferson Wells about 1825 and died prematurely in Dickson Co., TN, four years later in 1829. There is no record of the cause of death, whether from illness or an accident but one wonders if a contributory cause of death was due to a law suit dated 5 April 1826 brought against Samuel shortly after his marriage to Margaret Petty, when Nancy Redden claimed that Samuel Petty was the father of her child (who I believe was named Martha). Whatever the outcome of the trial, Margaret Petty became a widow without any means of support and would be married two years later to Robert Cowan Petty, who was a cousin to Samuel Petty, and the account of their lives is given in Section 4.57.
|PETTY, 4.064 Samuel (I3732)
I have James Darwin Petty listed both as a carpenter and as an engineer. He married about 1829 in Hickman Co., TN, to Unity Chisenhall and they made their home in Dickson Co., TN, where their first five children were born.
Some time after the birth of Arabella Petty, James decided to move to Nashville, Davidson Co., TN, where their daughter Tennessee Petty was born about 1845 and four years later in 1849 another son, James D. Petty Jr. joined the family.
According to Frances Corcoran, during this same period James and Unity Petty would lose their two eldest children to illness in January 1847, Sarah, died age 17, to "Dropsy of heart" and Mary Jane, died age 11, to "Lockjaw" (Tetanus).
After this tragic loss, little did the family realise that worse would follow when most of the family was struck down by a cholera epidemic in July 1850 in Davidson Co., TN, and within days of the illness Unity Petty along with the four youngest children died leaving just James Darwin Petty and his son Columbus as survivors. Six months later at the beginning of 1851, James Darwin Petty married his cousin, Mahala Petty, and she would bear him one additional son, Millard Fillmore Petty.
|PETTY, 4.066 James Darwin (I3734)
I have very little on Elizabeth Petty and it is fortunate that both her marriage records in Dickson County are available. Elizabeth is listed with her second husband, Benjamin Dunnagan, on the 1850 TN census for Dickson County (p. 152b family # 914):
Benjamin B. Dunnagan 49 NC
Elizabeth 38 TN
Andrew C. 17 TN
Lucinda 15 TN
Sarah 13 TN
Rebecca 11 ILL
Mary A. Adcock 13 TN.
Note: The Dunnagan children are by the first wife of Benjamin Dunnagan.
|PETTY, 4.068 Elizabeth (I3736)
Kisiah Albine Petty's name is recorded as Kisiah/Kissiah though I've no doubt that she was named after Keziah Albine (Humble) Petty.
She was born in Union Co., SC, and came to Tennessee with her parents, Gabriel and Sarah (Darwin) Petty as a baby and would live the remainder of her life in Dickson Co., TN, which was where all her children were born.
|PETTY, 4.069 Kisiah Albine (I3737)
John Amos Petty was the first child of Gabriel and Sarah (Darwin) Petty to be born in Hickman Co., TN, after their migration from S. Carolina. The Petty Papers note from church records that Gabriel and family arrived in Tennessee from some time after August 1814.
All of John and Nancy Petty's children were born in Tennessee and are shown on the 1850 census living in Nashville City, Davidson County, TN.
|PETTY, 4.070 John Amos (I3738)
Following on from Section 4.70, I am satisfied that Thomas N. Petty was born 16 Dec. 1816 in Hickman Co., TN, despite the 1850 census for Dickson Co., TN, indicating that both he and his wife, Rebecca, were born in S. Carolina, while Thomas gives an age of 30 and Rebecca shows herself two years younger than her husband.
The 1850 census also notes that Rebecca can't read or write and yet by the 1860 census, Rebecca gives her birthplace as Tennessee and her age as 42, which is two years under Thomas Petty's correct age.
Thomas and Rebecca Petty's first six children were born in Tennessee then about 1853, the family moved to Navarro Co., TX, no doubt having heard good reports about Texas from their Petty cousins who migrated there in 1848.
A year later in 1854, Rebecca gave birth to their daughter Lucy Jane Petty in Texas and twin sisters Melissa and Carolina followed her in 1859. Then on 3 May 1860, Thomas Petty, a farmer, was fatally injured when kicked by a mule and the 1860 census for Navarro Co., TX, shows Rebecca as a widow and head of household with seven children at home including the twin babies who were now ten months old. Her two eldest daughters had left home and were both probably married by 1860.
|PETTY, 4.071 Thomas N. (I3739)
What little information that I have on Jacob C. Petty has been taken from the census records of Dickson Co., TN, where first in 1840 Jacob was listed with just his wife. Then the 1850 census lists them with their four children and finally by the 1860 census, Jacob is missing from the family of Narcissa Petty and the children, so evidently Jacob had died.
|PETTY, 4.072 Jacob C. (I3740)
It would seem that Gabriel Ray Petty remained in Hickman Co., TN, for the whole of his life and I understand that he is buried there in the Petty Cemetery although I do not have a specific death date.
After Gabriel's death, his wife Elizabeth lived with the family of the eldest son, William Petty, where she is listed age 76 on the 1900 census for Hickman Co., TN, and when she died four years later was also buried in the Petty Cemetery.
|PETTY, 4.074 Gabriel Ray (I3742)
At present I have very little information on James W. Darwin and have deducted that he was the eldest son of John M. Darwin's family, shown aged in the 20/30 years schedule column of the 1830 census for Jackson Co., AL, on the basis that he was the first son to purchase land in Jackson County at the end of September 1830 (see Section 3.16).
|DARWIN, 4.076 James W. (I3757)
Mary Darwin married Thomas Wallace 7 July 1831 in Tennessee and the family moved first to Alabama and then on to Mississippi, where they are on the 1850 census in Lafayette County as follows:
Thomas Wallace 48 m Tenn
Mary 40 f Tenn
Oakley 12 m Ala
Margaret A. 8 f Ala
Cynthia C. 4 f Ala
Caroline f 2 Miss,
from which we can deduce that Mary was born about 1810 and would have been John M. Darwin's eldest daughter.
|DARWIN, 4.077 Mary (I3760)
William Darwin's wife has her name spelt both Talitha in her second marriage record in 1852 and Tilitha in the will of her father John Wallace (May 1841, Moulton, Lawrence Co., AL) and I have opted to show the biblical form of Talitha here. Her mother, Jane (Blackburn) Wallace was the sister of Sally (Blackburn) Darwin which would make Talitha and her husband, William first cousins.
William B. Darwin fails to appear on the 1850 census for Lowdnes Co., MS, where Talitha is recorded as Tabitha Darwin along with their three children and she gives her age as 27 along with a birthplace of Alabama. The Wallace family records suggest that she was born 1817 in Tennessee and that the family with six children moved to Alabama a year or so later where her last two siblings were born in 1819 and 1821.
I have assumed that William B. Darwin died around 1848 as his last child was born 1846 and I wonder if he went along with his brother, Gideon Darwin, at this period of the gold rush to California in search of gold when an accident possibly befell him?
|DARWIN, 4.078 William B. (I3759)
Originally, I only received correspondence from one descendant of Jane Darwin who had researched his family and I think he summed up her situation very well with the following statement:
Poor old Jane never married but nevertheless managed to have 8 children anyway.
The 1850 census for Jackson Co., AL, would indicate that Jane's parents allowed her to remain in their household and all Jane's children would take the family name of Darwin.
|DARWIN, 4.080 Jane (I3761)
The 1850 census for Titus Co., TX, records John Cowan Darwin and his family as follows:
J. C. Darwin 34 m Tenn
Lucinda 24 f Ala
Lewis 7 m Tex
Nancy 5 f Tex
Lucinda 2 f Tex
I was unable to find the family on the 1860 census but 20 years later in 1870, John is in Cooke Co:
Darwin, John C. 52 Ala
Lucinda 44 Tenn
James M. 16 Tex
Martha J. 3 Tex
Perry, Asa 18 Tex
Asa Perry was probably a work hand living by the family.
The adjacent household was that of John's son, Louis Charles Darwin shown as Lewis in 1850, who was recorded by his middle name only in 1870: - Darwin, Charles 27 Tex, along with his wife Jane 28 Ind, a daughter and two sons from Jane's previous marriage. The next household after listed the family of John's daughter, Lucinda, who had married a David Matthews.
I've laid out these two census records to show that over a twenty-year period that John's wife was named Lucinda, which must have been her pet name because all other legal documentation which include references to the same children in the census records above shows her name was Pernina Darwin, in various different spellings recorded (e.g. Penninah, Pernina, Pnina). If we fast track forward to 1911, I can illustrate this point in a deed dated 18 Nov. 1911 (Book 113 p.92)(see Sources, below).
It is interesting to note that on the 1870 TX census above that John C. Darwin and Lucinda reverse their places of birth from the 1850 TX census which may have been a muddled mistake by the census enumerator because I am satisfied that that the 1850 TX census is correct in regard to John being born in Tennessee and therefore I presume that Lucinda was born in Alabama, which would suggest that they met and married in Alabama around 1840 before they migrated to Texas and where their first child, Louis Charles Darwin, was born 1842 in Titus County. However, this is not a certainty because it is also possible that Pernina Bailey (Lucinda) was born in Alabama but grew up in Texas, where she may then have met John circa 1840 because her father, Amos C.C. Bailey, had served the Republic of Texas in the army and later received 2673 acres of land in Cooke Co., TX ( A.C.C. Bailey Survey, Abstract 44).
According to the affidavit made by Louis in September 1913 when applying for a soldier's pension from the Civil War, having served the Confederacy, he moved with his parents from Titus County to Gainesville, Cooke County, TX, in 1854 and the family was most probably living on Amos Bailey's estate in 1860 and this may account for why I did not find them on the census records. I also believe that Amos Bailey died around this same period of 1860, consequently Pernina inherited 243 acres of land in the settlement of her father's estate on 29 April 1861 (Book 5 p.562/566)(see Sources, below).
John and Pernina spent the rest of their lives at their home in Cooke County, which was located about 4 miles south east of Gainesville. I understand that Pernina died in 1873, so that when her husband, John C. Darwin died two years later in May 1875, David and Lucinda Matthews took their youngest daughter Martha into care with their own children. I was in error in showing the youngest child of the family on my chart as John Marion Darwin b. ca 1871 (i.e. not shown on the 1870 census). This mistake came about only because I had the death record of J. Marion Darwin, who died of liver cancer, 12 Aug. 1922, and the death record named his parents as J.C. Darwin and Pernina Bailey, so naturally I assumed that the initial letter J stood for John in both the names of father and son (Gainesville City Death Records for 1922, File 208 p.24). However, I subsequently read a newspaper obituary of the same J.M. Darwin, where it stated that he died 67 years old and I then realised then that this was James Marion Darwin b. 1854 whose middle name was previously unknown to me except as initial M.
|DARWIN, 4.081 John Cowan (I3762)
I found several Darwin families on the census records living in Pulaski County, Arkansas, but I was only readily able to relate one of these families to John M. Darwin in Jackson Co., AL, and that was his son Benjamin M. Darwin 4.85 who is listed on the 1860 AR census (Pulaski Co.):
Benjamin M Darwin 31 m farmer Ala
Minerva Darwin 45 f Kentucky
Polly Powers 16 f orphan Mo.
Twenty years later, the 1880 census for Pulaski County, AR, shows Albert F. Darwin 30 Arks (i.e. born 1850 in Arkansas) together with his wife, Laura, aged 16, and their first child, Arthur, who was then six months old.
I was unable to locate Albert's parents in Arkansas and if Benjamin Darwin above were his father, then Albert should have been listed as a ten year old on the 1860 AR census shown but it would seem that Benjamin Darwin had taken a wife, 14 years his senior, resulting in a childless union which might possibly explain the reason for the orphan, Polly Powers, living in their household.
I note that Albert F. Darwin transposes his name to Fleetwood A. Darwin on the 1900 TX census in Corsicana (Navarro Co.), with his wife, Laura, son Arthur, age 20, and a second son Henry, age 18, and this census also indicates that his father was born in Mississippi and mother in Kentucky which sort of leaves his parents undetermined though is it possible that Mississippi was mistaken for Alabama, which in March 1817 was newly formed out of Mississippi territory?
Returning to Pulaski Co., AR, the 1900 census reveals another Darwin family in the name of George Darwin, age 39, who has a wife, Sarah, age 33, and two young daughters, all born in Arkansas. Likewise, George gives on the census that both his parents were born in Arkansas, though my search of the Arkansas census records failed to divulge their identities. I extended my search for the potential parents to families named Darvin and Derwin and found only one possibility for George Darwin and Fleetwood A. Darwin (who have to be from the Virginia Darwins) and that was a George C. Derwin listed on the 1850 census in Phillips Co., AR:
Geo C. Derwin 29 m Ala
Missouri Derwin 26 f Arks
Sarah Boyd 16 f Arks
Jim Boyd 14 m Arks
When I found Geo C. Derwin of Alabama, I felt sure that I had located one of John M. Darwin's missing children and who probably had been named after George Cowan Darwin, the brother of John M. Darwin, though once again the 1850 AR census indicates no children to the marriage unless they had only just married and were expecting their first child later in 1850? If this was Fleetwood A. Darwin, there is a problem that cannot be overlooked in that the 1900 TX census states that Fleetwood was born in Jan. 1850 and unless the census is in error (which it might be), we can only provisionally attach Fleetwood to the family of George and Missouri. I am more happy that George Darwin is the son of George C. Derwin despite blandly stating that both parents were born in Arkansas on the 1900 census and I have located his marriage record (IGI) dated 16 Nov. 1885, Pulaski Co., AR, where he is shown as Geo E. Darwin and his wife's name as Sarah Mounce.
I have subsequently found George C. Darwin on the 1860 AR census in Phillips County, where his wife is listed as Elizabeth Derwin, age 25, which should either read 35 or else she was only aged 16 on the previous 1850 census and not 26 as shown. In 1860, their first three children are listed as Fleetwood, age 8, John, age 5, and James, age 3. This would indicate that their son Fleetwood was in fact born Jan. 1852 and not Jan. 1850 as shown on the 1900 TX census.
Census: 8 Aug. 1860 AR (Phillips Co.) P.O. Helena P.129
# 908, 888 George Derwin, 42, M, Sadler, b. Tenn
Elizabeth Derwin, 25, F, b. Kentucky
Fleetwood Derwin, 8, M, b. AR
John Derwin, 5, M, b. AR
James Derwin, 3, M, b. AR
Mary Prestly, 20, F, b. Ala
Nancy Prestly, 2, F, Ala
I showed on Revision G that George and Missouri Darwin had a fifth child, William Percy Darwin, because I stated that I was unable to fit this son into any other Darwin family. Fortunately, I now find that this is an error on my part and William Percy Darwin turns out to be the eldest son of 5.122 Samuel Fennel Darwin and is actually listed as Percy Darwin on both the 1860 & 1870 census for Morgan Co., AL, and by 1880, Percy Darwin was living in Grayson Co., TX, in the household of Francis M. Williams and his wife, Mary Frances, who is Samuel Fennel Darwin's sister.
Census: 2 June 1880 TX (Grayson Co.)
# 27, 27 Williams, Francis W., 40, Farming, b.SC
Mary F., 42, Wife, b. Ala
Olive C., 10, Dau, b. Ala
Maggie L., 7, Dau, b. Ala
Bouldin, Celia, 75, MIL, b. NC
Darwin, Ella, 19, Niece, b. Ala
Darwin, Percy, 20, Nephew, b. Ala
Pickett, William, 22, Hand, b. Ala
Simpson, Claud, 21, Hand, b. Ala
|DARWIN, 4.083 George C. (I3764)
I know very little about Benjamin M. Darwin and I only found him referenced in the Alabama genealogical magazine Valley Leaves (Vol. 5), in regard to his military service in the War with Mexico as follows:
Darwin, Benjamin M , Private; Enlisted Apr 24 1847 Bellefonte, Ala, Lt Bradford. During war, Maj Butler Sep 1 1847. Discharged Dec 31 1847.
A second entry in Valley Leaves supplies the added information: Benj M. Darwin, Jackson, Ala, Capt Clay's Co 1847.
Thus we know Benjamin M. Darwin is the son of John M. Darwin from the reference of Jackson County, AL, and I can only speculate that Benjamin travelled with his brother, George C. Darwin, from Alabama to Arkansas around 1848/49 looking for fresh land to set up home. So far as I can gather, there were no children to his marriage with Minerva. (see also Section 4.83 George C. Darwin)
|DARWIN, 4.085 Benjamin M. (I3766)
It has been suggested that Pinckney McCarver was named after Charles Pinckney (1757-1824), who served as George Washington's aide at the Battle of Brandywine and Germantown during the War of Independence, a signer of the US Constitution and later Governor of S. Carolina, and as such it is considered that John's son had the full name Charles Pinckney McCarver, though all the available records do seem to omit the name Charles, which is the way I show it above.
Pinckney McCarver was only two years old when he moved with his family to Jackson Co., TN, where he would meet and marry Leonora (or Lenora) Nettles. Leonora was sister of Henry Palmer Nettles who in 1835 married Sally H. Darwin (4.46). Pinckney had followed his father, John, into farming and on 2 Dec. 1833, he received a Land Grant in Jackson Co., TN, of one thousand acres bordering the Cumberland River and by 1850 the census notes that he was registered as a merchant and he owned his own dry-goods & hardware store in Flynn's Lick. The 1850 census also indicates that around 1843, the family lived a while in Illinois where his daughter, Margaret, was born and the family was back in Jackson County for the birth of the next child, Henry C. McCarver, in February 1846. Leonora McCarver is listed on the 1880 TN census but must have died shortly thereafter because Pinckney McCarver remarried 18 May 1883, Maria (Veteto) Carter, whose previous husband was named Enoch Chapman Carter.
|McCARVER, 4.086 Pinckney (I3773)
There is limited evidence to establish that James H. McCarver is a son of John McCarver and Margaret Darwin apart from his own statement that he was born in Jackson Co., TN, which I believe would confirm that he is one of the male members listed on the 1820 TN census for the household of John McCarver's family.
James and Elizabeth were married 1 March 1838 in Pope Co., Illinois, where their first two children are listed on the 1840 IL census and the third child, Martha, was born 26 Feb. 1845 in Livingston Co., KY. It would seem that they divorced or separated some time after 1845 because Elizabeth married secondly, 26 Oct. 1848, William Moseley in Massac Co., IL., while shortly thereafter James is found in Crittenden Co., KY, which is adjacent to Livingston Co., KY, where he also remarried, 30 Nov. 1851, (Mary) Orpha Scarlett, officiated by J.B. Hadden MG. James settled with Orpha near Marion in Crittenden County until 1858, at which time he moved with his family near to Vienna, Johnson Co., IL. James died about 1873 and is buried at Wildcat Cemetery, near Vienna.
|McCARVER, 4.087 James H. (I3777)
Margaret McCarver married, about 1828, David M. Anderson of Jackson Co., TN, where their first child, Lee Ann, was born in 1830. They moved to Perry Co., MO, around 1834 where the next child, Pinkney, was born 29 Mar. 1838 and the family is listed in Perry County on the 1840 MO census living near the household of Margaret's father, John McCarver.
The Great Flood of June 1844 forced the family to evacuate their home on the bottom lands by the Mississippi River and they moved to the adjoining county of Ste. Genevieve, MO, where they are listed on the 1850 and 1860 census. I do not have a death date for Margaret but according to Goodspeed's History of Southeast Missouri, she outlived her husband, David M. Anderson, who died in 1882.
|McCARVER, 4.088 Margaret Adeline (I3774)
Logan H. McCarver was born 14 Feb. 1813 in Jackson Co., TN, where he married 13 Nov. 1832, Elizabeth Matilda Hannah and to this union there were five children who were all born in Tennessee.
It is interesting to note that Logan is listed on the 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880 census for Jackson Co., TN, but during his married life, he spent extended periods living in both Missouri and Illinois with a view to profiting in land deals. It would seem probable that he travelled to Bois Brule Twp, Perry Co., MO, around 1834 accompanying the family of his sister, Margaret A. Anderson and her husband David M. Anderson, as well as his father, John McCarver, in order to purchase land on generous terms in Missouri. Both David M. Anderson and Logan are listed on the 1836 Poll Book for Perry Co., MO, but by the next year Logan had returned to Tennessee. His wife Elizabeth's father, Samuel Hannah, died in August 1840 and Logan acted as the administrator of Samuel?s estate in Jackson County, which was finally settled by 1855. Logan then decided to take his family to Perry Co., Illinois, about 1858 where he made his wealth buying and selling land that the government had offered at reduced price owing to its poor quality. However, as noted above he returned to Jackson Co., TN, by the 1860 census, where he is listed as a merchant holding considerable assets. During the Civil War period, Logan continued his land dealing in Perry Co., Illinois, while his wife Elizabeth returned to live in Jackson County and where she died 12 March 1863. After her death, Logan married, 2 Feb. 1864, Mary Ausburn in Perry Co., Illinois. He is listed as a farmer along with his wife Mary on both the 1870 and 1880 census for Jackson County, Tennessee, and where he died 25 January 1886.
|McCARVER, 4.089 Logan H. (I3776)
I have little information on Harrison McCarver but there is a court case re: James W. Locke vs. Robert White et als. concerning a boundary line dispute in June 1843 at the Chancery Court, Jackson Co., TN, where Harrison McCarver made a deposition and his statement included the fact that his brother-in-law was Marshal Anderson (i.e. David Marshall Anderson who was married to Margaret A. McCarver). The Chancery Court minutes also noted that Harrison was aged about 27 years. I believe that this information establishes that Harrison McCarver was born 1816 and is one of the missing sons listed age under 10 years on the 1820 TN census for John McCarver's household.
Tracing Harrison's movements is difficult but as his wife, Sarah, was born about 1817 in Alabama, it seems likely that he met and married her in Alabama and where he also served in the Alabama Volunteers during the Florida Indian Wars (1835-42) for which he was awarded a Land Grant of 80 acres in Natchitoches, Louisiana, on 28 Sept. 1850.
Harrison McCarver's name is first listed on the 1840 census for Jackson Co., TN, and there appears to be more than one family living in the household, which makes it difficult to extract any details. There is then evidence on the county records to establish that Harrison was living in Jackson County up to February 1848 but by the 1850 TN census, his wife Sarah McCarver and four children are listed there but Harrison is missing and it is likely that he had travelled to Louisiana to check out the land that he had been awarded.
On 1 Sept. 1853, Harrison added to his land holding of 79.7 acres by purchasing a further 54½ acres in Natchitoches, by which time he would have been reunited with his family. It would appear that shortly after this purchase, Harrison decided to sell up his land in Louisiana and move to Port Caddo, Harrison Co., TX, where he bought 100 acres of land and was on the Tax records there from 1854 to 1860.
|McCARVER, 4.090 Harrison (I3775)
Oliver H. McCarver was born 4 April 1823 in Jackson Co., TN, and around 1834 moved with his father, John, to Bois Brule Twp, Perry Co., MO.
At the age of 19 he married, 21 July 1842, Juliann Boyd in Perry Co., MO, and from this union there is no record of any children or whether Juliann died in child birth. It's not actually clear when Juliann died and she may have perished in the Great Flood of 1844 which forced Oliver to leave his home in Perry County.
A year later he was living in Montgomery Co., TN, where he married at Clarksville, 4 November 1845, Mary Ann Powers. Mary was born 8 January 1826 in Tennessee and was half Cherokee so Oliver's decision to marry her upset his father so much that John McCarver is said to have disowned his son, Oliver, according to an account by one of his descendants. Their marriage was a happy one but it was not legally recognised in Montgomery County until August 1857, at which time Oliver decided to return with his family to Jackson Co., TN.
He lived there at Flynn's Creek until 1859 and then migrated to Perry Co., Illinois, where he settled near his brother, Logan H. McCarver. On the 1860 IL census for Perry County, Oliver gives his occupation as a Physician and he also became a Minister of the Gospel and is referred to as the Rev. Oliver Hazard McCarver at a meeting in August 1862, when he was accused of treasonable language. In 1873, he was living in St. Francois Co., MO, and in that year he moved to Womack, Ste. Genevieve Co., MO, which is a small settlement situated at the border of these two counties and was named after R. M. Womack, who was the settlement's first postmaster. Oliver died on 22 Feb. 1892 at Womack and is buried at the Episcopal Churchyard Cemetery.
|McCARVER, 4.092 Oliver Hazard (I4229)
Little is known about William McCarver before he married, 24 Dec. 1856, Bassina (Hill) Rea in Crittenden Twp, Franklin Co., Illinois, and there is some contradictory evidence on the census records in respect to his age and place of birth but in his Service Record from the Civil War period, William states that he was born 1833 in Mason, Tennessee, which was a town in Jackson County and as such, I believe that this evidence places him as a son of John McCarver and Margaret Darwin.
It is likely that he travelled as a baby from Tennessee to Bois Brule Twp, Perry Co., MO, somewhere around 1834. However, the 1840 census for the household of John McCarver in Perry Co., MO, does not include the seven year old William unless he has been wrongly placed in the 10-15 years column, nor are any womenfolk listed, which might be an error of the census or else after the death of Margaret (Darwin) McCarver, their two daughters had already left home and had married (young William may have been farmed out to be brought up alongside children in a neighbouring house but this census does leave unanswered the evidence of John McCarver's second marriage to Mrs. Mary Smith on 19 Oct. 1837).
After William's marriage to Bassina, who already had three children from her previous marriage, their first child, Mary Melvina McCarver, was born 27 February 1858, in the settlement of Crittenden, Franklin Co., IL.
The family moved to Crab Orchard, Williamson Co., IL, where the next child, John A.L. McCarver, was born 8 June 1861 and towards the end of the year on 26 Nov. 1861, William enlisted in the Union Army in Col. John A. Logan's Regiment the 31st Illinois Infantry, in Co. H, which was commanded by Capt. O. Greenly and was stationed at Cairo, Alexander Co., IL. On the 15 Jan. 1862, William sustained an injury from the kick of a government horse in his right leg just above the knee. He was carried to a private house that was being used as the company hospital but the attending surgeon refused to give him any treatment for the injuries sustained and he was sent home by Capt. O. Greenly with the hope that the wound would heal.
Their last child, James Monroe McCarver, was born 15 June 1863, and on the 13 Nov. 1863, William died at the age of 30 due to complications of his leg wound caused by bone erysipelas. Bassina decided to leave Williamson Co., IL, with the children from both her husbands and returned to Crittenden Twp in Franklin Co., IL, and then in 1869, she moved the family to Libertyville, St. Francois Co., MO, where she is listed on the 1870 census with her name shown as Carver. She married for a third time, 3 Feb. 1884, John H. Mallory in Franklin Co., IL, and lived to the age of 87 when she died in St. Michal, Madison Co., Missouri, on 12 April 1912, and is buried in the Anthony Cemetery in Fredericktown in Madison County.
|McCARVER, 4.093 William (I4230)
The marriage record of Narcissa Darwin at the Opelousas courthouse states that she was of South Carolina and the daughter of James and Nancy (Shores) Darwin, which has helped us trace the movement of her parent's family in their migration south.
I have obtained the children of Narcissa and Jacob Robertson from the 1860 TX census for Brazos County (P.O. Boonville) where Narcissa along with her husband and family all claim to be born in Louisiana, which is understandable since Narcissa spent her childhood days in Louisiana and would not remember her birth place. However, we can also discern that as their youngest child, Oceola, is shown aged 6 and born in Louisiana, that the family had moved to Texas shortly after his birth in 1854 and that they were accompanied by the family of her brother, Reuben Darwin, who had settled close by to them in Brazos County. The two families most probably had selected this part of Texas to settle because their brother, John Darwin was already established in the neighbourhood and had been living in southern Texas for the previous 15 years.
|DARWIN, 4.094 Narcissa (I1606)
I believe that as part of their preparation to leave Louisiana for Texas, John and Anne Darwin had their first 2 young children baptised on 12 March 1839 at the Catholic Church of St. Charles Borromeo in Grand Couteau, Louisiana:
DARWIN, James A. (John & Anne VOTARE) bt. 12 March 1839 age 1 yrs. (GC Ch: v.1 p.155)
DARWIN, Narcissa (John & Anne VOTARE) bt. 12 March 1839 age 3 yrs. (GC Ch: v.1 p.155)
On the ensuing 1850 TX census, their daughter Narcissa is shown born in Texas, which obviously is an error. Her brother, James A. Darwin, is not even listed there and may not have survived the journey to Texas. What the 1850 census does show is John and Ann living in Galveston County (Clear Creek), with a family of eight children along with his half-brother, Overton Darwin, now 21 years old and assisting John with the farm work.
However, in the next few years John decided to move further inland to 'greener pastures' in Brazos County (P.O. Boonville) and in 1860 he is found living with his family next door to daughter, Narcissa, now married to Edward Quinn with four children of her own. I do not have John's death date but his wife, Anne, aged 67, was living with the family of her youngest son, George, in Bell Co., Texas, in 1880.
|DARWIN, 4.095 John T. (I1608)
It would seem that in 1831 when Reuben's father, James, decided to migrate with his wife Mary (Raper) Darwin to Texas, where I presume generous land grants were being offered, they took only the younger children with them, namely James Jr., Louisa and Overton, while the youngest son George was yet to be born.
Meanwhile, the census records would suggest that the elder children continued to run the home farm in Louisiana in anticipation that if their parents settlement in Texas turned out to be a success, the remainder of the family would follow them there. In 1831, John Darwin was about 17 years old and his brother, Reuben, was just in his teens and no doubt they were given assistance by the family of their eldest sister, Narcissa, who had been married for four years to Jacob Robertson, particularly in caring for the younger sisters, Mary Ellen and Charlotte(?), Reuben himself would join the Robertson clan, when on 20 Dec. 1839, he married Sarah Ann Robertson (as recorded at the Opelousas courthouse) and they would raise a family of seven children, all born in Louisiana.
In that same year 1839, John Darwin and his family had already departed for Texas, and it wasn't until about 1855 that Reuben made the decision to sell up and take his family to Texas also. As related in Section 4.92, I believe that his family travelled with Narcissa and Jacob Robertson and their children, and they all met up again with brother John in Brazos County, TX, where they are all listed on the 1860/70 census records.
For our Darwin families, the 1870 census shows their P.O. location as Bryan instead of Boonville because during the decade, Brazos County had gone through an extensive change in its development. In 1866, the town of Bryan was granted a post office and at the same time replaced Boonville as the county seat for Brazos County. On account of the Civil War, the Houston and Texas Central Railroad had been delayed from reaching Bryan until 1867, and with its arrival in Bryan, increased the town's importance and consequently Boonville, which was 2 miles east of Bryan, became bypassed and slowly turned into a ghost town. Incidentally, Boonville was named after a local settler, Mordecai Boon, who was a nephew of Daniel Boone (1734-1820), the famous pioneer from Kentucky.
|DARWIN, 4.096 Reuben (I1612)
Mary Ellen Darwin is recorded as Ellen Darwin in her first marriage to Jacob Foreman at Opelousas courthouse, whereas her full name is given in her second marriage record as listed at the same courthouse in Louisiana:
DARWIN, Ellen m. 17 May 1838 Jacob FOREMAN (Opel. Ct. Hse: Mar #59)
DARWIN, Mary Ellen m. 17 July 1850 Lemuel ANDRUS (Opel. Ct. Hse: #783)
I was unable to find the family on the 1850 census but the 1860 TX census shows Mary Ellen with her second husband, Lemuel Andrews, in Madison Co., Texas (Willowhole Twp p.442):
Lemuel Andrews 44 m La
Ellen Andrews 37 f La
Albert Andrews 18 m La
James Foreman 19 m La
John Foreman 16 m La
Enoch Foreman 14 m La
Alvin Foreman 11 m La
Rufus Andrews 8 m La
Dallas Andrews 4 m Tex
Ophelia Andrews 2 f Tex
William Andrews 2/12 m Tex
Nancy Hart 20 f Ala
From which we may deduce that Mary Ellen's first husband, Jacob Foreman, died about 1850. Her second husband, Lemuel Andrews, had a son, Albert b. 1842, from a previous marriage and that the family migrated from Louisiana to Texas about 1854, possibly in the same travel party with Rueben Darwin's family and the Robertson family, but travelled on to Madison County, (North Zulch), Texas.
|DARWIN, 4.097 Mary Ellen (I1610)
In Section 4.94, I stated that James W. Darwin, Jr., went with his father, James, and stepmother, Mary, to Texas as a six year old in 1831 and settled with them at their newly established home in Grimes Co., TX. The basis of this statement is that the 1850 TX census lists James as the only Darwin in Grimes County and I believe that the census shows him at his parent's former home, which he was sharing with the family of his sister Louisa and her husband, Charles Ray, who had two young children.
In 1856, James W. Darwin married Nancy E. Biggs in Harris Co., TX, but the marriage must have been a mismatch because the records show that at the end of 1859, Nancy had remarried, also in Harris County, to a Thomas Walker. We know that James Darwin was still alive because he is listed on the 1860 TX census residing, a single man, with the family of his eldest sister, Narcissa and her husband Jacob Robertson in Brazos Co., TX, where he must have been helping the family with the farming. It would seem that James had a problem with epilepsy, which is apparent from his army discharge papers from the CSA on 10 July 1862, when he sustained injuries falling from a horse giving him continual head pains. I failed to find him on the 1870 TX census so he probably died before 1870.
|DARWIN, 4.098 James W. Jr. (I1615)
The family is listed on the 1860 VA census in Albemarle County.
|TATE, 5.001 Sarah C. (I3871)
The children are listed on 1850 & 1860 VA census for Louisa County under the family name of Pate though the eldest child, Sarah, is most likely from Charity's first marriage to Larkin Trainham.
|TATE, 5.004 Charity A. (I3877)
The family is listed on the 1850, 1860 & 1870 VA census in Albemarle County.
|TATE, 5.002 Hudson (I3875)
John Tate lived in Fluvanna County, VA, in 1856. The children are listed on the 1860 & 1870 VA census in Albemarle County (Charlottesville).
|TATE, 5.003 John N. (I3876)
Jonathan Caldwell was sheriff of Rhea County from 1854-60 and during the Civil War, he served as a lieutenant in Company B, 43rd Infantry Regiment CSA ("Piney Boys") under Captain Andrew J. Cawood.
The 1870 TN census lists Jonathan Caldwell as a farmer living with his family in the vicinity of Sulphur Springs, later named Rhea Springs in 1878.
|CALDWELL, Jonathon Moore (I0012)