Matches 151 to 200 of 2,721

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Commentary: DWD 4.114

George Cowan Petty, son of Solomon J. Petty, was known by the nickname "Little George" since he had a nephew by the same name. His nephew, who was the son of Marvel Mosley Petty, was known as "Big George" because he was a rather tall person while his uncle was of average height. These nicknames were used by friends and relatives so as to avoid confusing the two during conversations.

George and his wife Susan, along with their two year old son, William J. Petty, are listed on the 1860 TN census in Pinewood, Hickman County. It is not clear what happened to Susan and their son, William, because the 1870 TN census for Pinewood only shows a George Petty, age 32, and a different wife Martha C. (?) , age 25, which doesn't seem to fit the profile of our "Little George" as the 1880 census indicates that he had at least three living children in 1870. The 1880 TN census for Dickson Co., TN, shows George with his wife Julia, who I am suggesting was from the Corlew family, as Alex Corlew, age 45, TN, was also living in their household along with five of the Petty children.
PETTY, 4.114 George C. (I3799)

Commentary: DWD 4.11

After the death of Keziah's mother, Keziah (Ward) Tate, the children sold their shares to various people. Luanner Tate sold her share in 1837 to Edmund Pendleton, being 1/12th of Nathaniel Tate's estate, joining William Waddy, William Thomas and William Corker (DB V p.591). Nathaniel W. Tate sold his undivided share to Elisha Jackson; William G. & Susan Corker and Mildred Tate sold theirs to Wm. W. Anderson (DB W p.192, 290). Becoming an insolvent debtor in 1835, Reuben had turned over his interest to A.W. Perkins, Sheriff, being 1/12th of 70 or 80 acres allotted to his mother Keziah Tate as her dower (DB V p.55). A Bill of Equity Decree was entered November 11, 1844 in the case of Elisha Jackson vs Tate:

Elisha Jackson showeth that many years ago Nathaniel Tate departed this life intestate leaving numerous children and a small tract of land, 67 acres. The children all reside in Virginia, viz: Polly Tate md. John R. Butler, Waddy Tate lives on the James River Canal, Nathaniel W. Tate sold his interest in said land to your orator, Agnes Tate md. Simeon Foster, John Tate, Austin Tate, Lavinia Tate md. Thompson Tate, Fanny Tate md. John G. Butler, Mildred Tate, Susan Tate md. Gatewood Corker, Luanner Tate and Reubin Tate.

The 'orator' (Elisha Jackson) erred in naming Austin Tate as a son of Nathaniel. The marriage register stated Jane O. Tate's mother: Keziah Tate. Austin was the son of Nathan Tate & Frances (Gentry) Tate (Nathan's will, WB 6 p.284). As a Commissioner appointed by the Court, Elisha Jackson sold Nathaniel Tate's land to Thompson Tate, the highest bidder (MB 1844-47 p.14). The names of the children of Thompson & Keziah Lavinia Tate are taken from 1850/1860/1870 census records for Louisa Co. and the Marriage Register.
TATE, 4.011 Keziah Lavinia (I3640)

Commentary: DWD 4.122

All children were born in Louisa Co., VA (Sources: 1850 VA census and IGI data)
TRAINHAM, 4.123 Elizabeth (I3819)

Commentary: DWD 4.124

James F. Durvin and his wife, Elizabeth Hardyman were married 16 Sep. 1844 in Louisa County and six years later in May 1850, I have copy of a deed of Trust placed on the 70 acres of land where they lived in order to guarantee a bond for twelve hundred dollars, used to buy a 240 acre tract of land elsewhere in Louisa County.

During the Civil War, James F. Durvin served in Co. H, 47th Virginia Infantry Regt. CSA, which was organised 11 June 1861, and was deployed in the defence of Richmond at the time that James was taken sick and died in May 1862. At least the first two of James and Elizabeth Durvin's children were born in Louisa County, VA, and some of the younger children may have been born in Caroline County, VA.
DURVIN, 4.124 James F. (I3822)

Commentary: DWD 4.125

John W. Durvin and his wife, Mary C. Gunnell, were married 11 Sep. 1841 in Louisa County. There is a deed, dated 19 March 1844, where John W. Durvin sold 43 1/16 acres of land in Louisa County to J. Cole Dickinson for one dollar, which sum would appear to be nominal amount required to legalise the conveyance.

In the Civil War, John enlisted 21 May 1861 at Beaver Dam Depot in Co. D of Capt. William Nelson's Company of Virginia Artillery ("Hanover Artillery") and served until 30 April 1864. All of the children were born in Louisa Co., VA.
DURVIN, 4.125 John Washington (I3823)

Commentary: DWD 4.126

Mary Jane Durvin must have died between 1846, when son William was born, and 1850 because her two children are shown on the 1850 VA census living in the household of their grandparents, William and Elizabeth Durvin. Elisha Harris is found in 1850 living by himself next door to a Harris family who are very likely to be his widowed mother and younger siblings.
DURVIN, 4.126 Mary Jane (I3824)

Commentary: DWD 4.127

It is likely that Ann, like her sister Mary Jane, probably also died during childbirth because the 1850 VA census shows John F. Gibson only with the three children. John was a miller by trade and he is listed on the 1860 VA census, married to a second wife, Lavinia, with four additional children.
DURVIN, 4.127 Ann Elizabeth (I3825)

Commentary: DWD 4.128

There is a deed (DB EE p.146), dated 4 May 1857, where the legatees of John and Lucy Gunnell sold a plot of land to Robert Wilkinson and at first glance, one would assume that Mary Lewis Durvin and Mary C. Durvin were both children of John and Lucy Gunnell as both their names are included in the deed but in fact a close scrutiny of the Louisa County marriage records will make clear that Mary Lewis Gunnell is in fact a granddaughter and that her part of the inheritance was in place of her deceased father, John A. Gunnell, who married Martha Ann Davis in 1832:

Marriage register p.252 26 Dec. 1832 John A. Gunnell (under age), son of John Gunnell, and Martha Ann Davis (under age 21) dau. of Thomas Davis. sur. Thompson Fleming. Wit. George Harris, Lewis D. Fleming. mins. James M. Bagby.

Mary's father, John A. Gunnell, must have died 1835/36 because her mother, Martha, remarried to John Baker in Louisa County, 15 Feb. 1837:

Marriage register p.272 15 Feb. 1837 John Baker married Martha A. Gunnell, widow of John Gunnell, dau. of Thomas T. Davis. sur. Andrew B. Cooke, wit. James Davis.

For interest sake, I have sequenced in here the marriage record of John W. Durvin to Mary Catherine Gunnell, which took place on 11 Sept. 1841:

Marriage register p.297 11 Sept. 1841 John Dervin and Mary Gunnell (over 21), dau. of John Gunnell. sur. Thomas H. Spicer. wit. Robert Wilkerson.

Then Mary Lewis Gunnell's own marriage record to William A.J. Durvin in 1851:

Marriage register p.347 6 May 1851 William A.J. Durvin (over 21) and Mary Lewis Gunnell, dau. of Martha A. Baker. sur. Nathaniel Thompson. mins. J.M. Bagby 8 May.

I have listed these marriages comprehensively so it can clearly be seen that Mary C. Gunnell was too old to be a daughter of John A. Gunnell but was his sister, which made her Mary L. Gunnell's aunt.
DURVIN, 4.128 William A.J. (I3826)

Commentary: DWD 4.129

During the Civil War, Benjamin F. Durvin enlisted, 17 June 1863 at Richmond VA, in Co. D., 1st Battalion Virginia Infantry Local Defence (Capt. Henry Fitzgerald's Company, Ordnance Department Battalion) and joined for duty at the Carbine Factory, Richmond. By December 1864, he had attained the rank of 3rd Sergeant, detailed to the C.S. Armory.
DURVIN, 4.129 Benjamin Franklin (I3827)

Commentary: DWD 4.12

William G. Corker's marriage bond is dated 27 Mar. 1837, Austin Tate, surety; William married Susannah Tate on 10 Apr. 1837 by James M. Bagby, minister. (William s/o William Corker; Susannah d/o Nathaniel Tate dec'd).

As noted above in the previous section 4.11:
1838, Sep. 3 Louisa Co. . . William G. Corker & Susan his wife who was a Tate & Mildred Tate, heirs & distributees of Nathaniel Tate dec'd to Wm. W. Anderson for $30. . . 2/12 undivided interest in the tract which Nathaniel Tate dec'd died seized & on which sd William G. Corker at present resides (DB W p.290)
It is not clear when William and Susannah vacated Nathaniel Tate's land or where they were living in the decade that followed until the following land purchase was made:
1857, Dec. 31 Louisa Co. . . Ambrose & Elizabeth Lacy, Robt. T. & Nancy T. White to William G. Corker for $600. . . 68 a. adj. Dr. Wm. Meredith & c. being devised to Nancy T. White & after her death to Eliz. Lacy by will of Dorothy Pearson dec'd (DB EE p.184).

Following this land purchase, on 25 Jan. 1858, William made a Living Trust to his wife Susannah.

Susannah Corker extended the land holding in 1871 by purchasing an additional 5 acres adjoining her land:
1871, Mar. 1 Louisa Co. . . L. W. & Martha J. Hill to Susan A. Corker for $37.50. . . 5 a. lot adj. sd Hill & Corker (DB HH p.745). The land was sold by heirs to Wm. Daily in 1907, making 73 a. in all (DB 26 p.60).

Susan Corker made her will 18 June 1879 and it was returned for probate 15 Feb. 1881
TATE, 4.012 Susannah A. (I3641)

Commentary: DWD 4.130

Eugenia Frances Tate was known as "Fannie" in the family as indicated on the 1850 census. The Durvin family lived in southeast Louisa County, very close to the descendants of Nathan, Nathaniel and William Tate. Somehow William A. Tate and his son, John S., had ties with these families, since John had to be in the area to meet, court and marry Eugenia Frances Durvin. By 1870, John lived in the northern district in Fredericks Hall, and in 1880 Frances and children were in the Jackson District, without John, so he must have died 1870 / 80.
DURVIN, 4.130 Eugenia Frances (I3828)

Commentary: DWD 4.131

Micajah Bland Harrington married Mary E. Robertson 3 Jan 1821 in S. Carolina, probably in Union County where they are shown living on the 1830 SC census, and where their first five children were born.

About 1836, the family moved to Pickens Co., AL, where the next child, Nancy, was born in 1837. By 1850, the two eldest daughters, Elizabeth and Martha, had married and left home and the Alabama census for Pickens County lists Micajah's occupation as a blacksmith.
HARRINGTON, 4.131 Micajah Bland (I2464)

Commentary: DWD 4.133

When I first saw the 1850 census for the household of Jeptha Harrington in Chambers Co., AL, where Jeptha, whose wife Nancy (Darwin) Harrington had died March 1847, was listed on the census only with his granddaughter, Jane Northrop, aged 17, I thought that Jane must have been orphaned but in fact it was only her father, Amos Northrop, who had died some time after Jane was born, and Jane herself was now helping her grandfather at his home, in the period before Jeptha remarried Mrs. Harriet E. Boseman.

Close by to Jeptha were both the families of his son, William Darwin Harrington, and his daughter, Elizabeth, the mother of Jane, now married to George Washington McGinty, who was known as Washington McGinty by the family.

Washington was a successful farmer and he and Elizabeth are listed together with their four children on both the 1850 & 1860 census in Chambers Co., AL. However by 1870, they were living apart as Elizabeth was shown living with her eldest son, Pinckney McGinty, who was a dentist. Washington now aged 84, is listed as head of household, living with his daughter, Narcissa Carpenter, and her two children, Elizabeth and William. Narcissa, whose mother was Naomi McGinty, had been widowed the previous year 1869, when her husband Franklin Carpenter had died.
HARRINGTON, 4.133 Elizabeth C. (I2467)

Commentary: DWD 4.136

I don't have a marriage record for John Madison Harrington, so it's possible that he married Nancy Barrett in Union Co., SC, since they were both born in S. Carolina. However, my original Harrington source of information via Daisy Setliff had John listed as unmarried, so perhaps he met and married Nancy in Georgia some time after 1840 and consequently there is no record of their marriage in S. Carolina?

The family lived in West Point, Troup Co., GA, where they are listed on the 1860 census. John Madison Harrington was a Physician by profession and a justice of the peace.
HARRINGTON, 4.136 John Madison (I2474)

Commentary: DWD 4.137

Jane Bland Harrington and her husband Theron Lancaster were both born in S. Carolina, so I've assumed that they married around 1840, most probably in Union County, SC.

It would appear that they migrated shortly thereafter to Alabama via the state of Georgia, where their first son, Thadeus, was born in 1842. All the remaining children were born in Alabama and the family is shown on the 1850 census in Chambers County. Their last child, Joseph, was born about 1851 and Theron must have died after this date because by 1860, Jane had remarried William Autery and was living close by to the family of her brother, William D. Harrington, in Chambers County.
HARRINGTON, 4.137 Jane Bland (I2475)

Commentary: DWD 4.138

Rachel Harrington married Daniel Duncan 3 Dec. 1835 in Union Co., SC, and they migrated to Alabama via Georgia, where their first child, Martha, was born in 1837.

The remaining children were all born in Alabama and the 1850 census shows the family living in Marengo County, where Daniel is listed as a Methodist Clergyman.

By 1860 the family had moved a little further north to Greene Co., AL, and they are shown on the census living in the household of William R. Pool, a wagon maker, though Daniel's occupation is still listed as a Methodist Preacher.
HARRINGTON, 4.138 Rachel Matilda (I2477)

Commentary: DWD 4.139

The 1860 TX census for the Harrington family would indicate that the first three children were born in Arkansas, while the two youngest were born in Rusk County, Texas. Young Drury Harrington was a Physician and by 1880, the census shows that he and his wife, Mary, are listed living alone in the city of Terrell in Kaufman Co., TX.
HARRINGTON, 4.139 Young Drury (I2481)

Commentary: DWD 4.13

Children's names taken from Robert's will (WB 17 p.492) and 1850 Louisa Co. census.
FOSTER, 4.013 Robert (I3668)

Commentary: DWD 4.140

I don't know where William D. Harrington met and married Lucretia Leath but I'm assuming that it was around 1840 in Alabama, as I believe William accompanied his parents in their migration to Alabama before 1840.

The 1840 AL census shows Jeptha Harrington's family already settled in Chambers County and son, William, is included in the head count (age 15/20) and it is possible that Lucretia is among the female headcount.

All three of William and Lucretia's children are listed as born in Alabama. William was a Baptist minister and he is shown on the 1850 census living with his family in Chambers Co., AL, next door to his father, Jeptha Harrington, who was a widower at the time (see Section 4.128 above).
HARRINGTON, 4.140 William Darwin (I2483)

Commentary: DWD 4.141

In 1850, John G. Kendrick's occupation was listed as a Planter but by 1860, he had become a Baptist Minister.

All children were born in Union Co., SC (1850, 1860 & 1870 SC census records).
KENDRICK, 4.141 John G. (I3839)

Commentary: DWD 4.142

Turner Kendrick was a farmer in Union Co., SC, where all the children were born (1850 census).
KENDRICK, 4.142 Turner (I3840)

Commentary: DWD 4.143

In 1850, Isom Howell is listed as a Planter in Union Co., SC, where all the children were born.
KENDRICK, 4.143 Mary (I3147)

Commentary: DWD 4.145

John P. Darwin was a farmer and the "Darwin Record" by his granddaughter, Emma Lu Darwin, states that he lived in and about Decherd, Tennessee.

Emma Lu notes that there was only one child, William, born 13 Dec. 1833, from John's first marriage to Patience Champion and she lived up to the year 1844. The 1850 TN census shows John with his second wife, Caroline, along with the three children to this marriage in addition to William Darwin, who was then aged 17.

Somehow the census enumerator managed to spell the family name Duwin / Durvin on this census. John's wife, Caroline, died towards the end of the year on 10 Sep. 1850 and John married thirdly Rebecca A. Stroud at the beginning of 1851, and they would have a further ten children.

The family tradition is that John P. Darwin was a Union sympathizer during the Civil War and that there was a lot of hard feeling in the family and neighbourhood because of that. However, when peace returned to Tennessee in 1865, John would only live another three years and died at Decherd on 12 Nov. 1868. Rebecca became head of household and is shown as Anice Darwin on the 1870 TN census and as Rebecca Darwin on the 1880 TN census, by which time only the three youngest children were still at home with her.
DARWIN, 4.145 John Powell (I2852)

Commentary: DWD 4.146

William Powell Darwin was known simply as Powell Darwin and was a farmer in Franklin County, in the vicinity between the towns of Decherd and Cowan in Tennessee. He married 14 Jan. 1839 Nancy Kennerly, who was known as Nicey in the family, and they raised a family of seven children. Nicey is listed on both the 1850 and 1860 TN census and I estimate that she died around 1865. Powell Darwin remarried 18 Feb. 1868, Mary J. Beasley, and they are shown on the 1870 TN census with two children.
DARWIN, 4.146 William Powell (I2853)

Commentary: DWD 4.147

I have very little information on Jane Darwin's family. George R. Kennerly is listed on the 1840 TN census in Franklin County but I estimate that he died shortly after this census since their last child, Elizabeth, was born in 1840. Jane Kennerly and her three daughters are shown on the 1850 TN census in Franklin County.

DARWIN, 4.147 Jane (I2854)

Commentary: DWD 4.150

Francis M. Darwin was known by his middle name, Marion Darwin, and he was a farmer in Franklin County, Tennessee. His marriage license was issued 11 Feb. 1846 and he married Nancy Singleton the following day presided by Wm G. Guinn.

The 1850 TN census indicates that their first child, Margaret E., was born 1846 and the second, also a daughter, Letty Jane, in 1848. By 1860, their third and last child, Nancy M., is shown aged 8, but Margaret is shown aged 12 (should be 14) while Letty is absent and the cemetery records confirm that she had died 11 May 1855 (Lydia J. Darwin).
DARWIN, 4.150 Francis Marion (I2857)

Commentary: DWD 4.151

When Elizabeth Darwin, at the age of 24, married George Hockersmith, 30 Dec. 1847, he was almost forty years old and a widower with a family of six children.

I note that in another publication, suggestion has been made that the youngest child, George Hockersmith Jr., born 1847, may possibly be Elizabeth's child but this is not correct as the Darwin Record states that Elizabeth had no children. For some reason, George Jr. is not listed with the family on the 1850 TN census and the likelihood is that George Hockersmith's first wife died giving birth to her last child, George, who was then taken into care by relatives on the wife's side of the family.

George Hockersmith and Elizabeth are listed with all six children on the 1870 TN census and her husband George was a farmer in the neighbourhood of Decherd.

By 1880, the family had moved to Cooke County, Texas, where George is now shown to be a merchant and among the family is listed a granddaughter, Florence Darwin, aged 5. It is my belief that young Florence is actually the daughter of Jennie Darwin, a niece to Elizabeth from the family of Robert Darwin (see next Section 4.147), so strictly speaking Florence was not a granddaughter.
DARWIN, 4.151 Elizabeth (I2858)

Commentary: DWD 4.152

Robert Darwin was a farmer in Franklin County and is listed on the 1850 TN census with his wife, who is listed as Matilda, and their first two children, Lucy and Thomas.

I was unable to find the family on the 1860 census and by 1870, Mary is found in Coffee County, TN, remarried to a George Ham and included in the household are Thomas Darwin, now aged 20, and his younger sister, Jennie Darwin, aged 15. There is also a son, George Ham, aged 11, who I would think is Mary's child. The Darwin Record by Emma Lu Darwin notes that Robert Darwin and Mary Knight had four children: Thomas, Matt, Lou and Jennie but fails to show any dates, so I have placed the son Matthew between Thomas and Jennie in the family order and believe that he may have died young as he fails to be listed on the 1870 census.
DARWIN, 4.152 Robert (I2859)

Commentary: DWD 4.153

It is interesting to note that the bible record of James M. Darwin and Eliza A. Oakley gives his marriage date as 15 July 1852 but the marriage records of Franklin County indicate that the marriage license was issued on that date by John T. Slatter, J.P., and the marriage took place the day after as I've shown above.

James is listed as a farmer on the 1860 and 1870 TN census records and the 1880 TN census would suggest that he was known as Matt Darwin. He became a preacher and settled in Decherd. The family remained in Franklin County and can be found on the 1900 and 1910 TN census.
DARWIN, 4.153 James Madison (I2862)

Commentary: DWD 4.154

Thomas J. Darwin's marriage license to Amanda McCollum was issued 18 Sep. 1850 by John T. Slatter, J.P., and the wedding took place the following day.

Thomas is shown as a farmer on the 1860 TN census in Franklin County (P.O. Winchester) and like his twin brother, James Madison Darwin, he also decided to become a preacher and was probably among the first Darwins in Franklin County to migrate to Texas. He is shown under the name Jefferson Darwin, occupation Preacher, on the 1870 TX census in Fayette County, with a family of seven children and his two eldest sons, William and James, are working as farm hands. By 1900, Thomas, age 73, is listed in the household of his son, James, in Fayette Co., TX, where he died 17 Oct. 1909.
DARWIN, 4.154 Thomas Jefferson (I2863)

Commentary: DWD 4.155

George W. Darwin like his siblings grew up in Franklin County, TN, and is shown on the 1850 census still living in his parents household at the age of 20.

He became a school teacher as indicated on the 1860 census, when he was living in the household of his father-in-law, Sevier Boulton, in Stevenson, Jackson County, AL, and is listed with his wife, Frances, age 21, and their one month old daughter, Susan.

It has been difficult finding the elusive George and his family on the subsequent census records and fortunately the Darwin Record notes that he and his wife, Fannie, had three children: James, Oscar and Susan.

At some point, George changed his occupation from school teaching and became a church minister as outlined in an account of his grandson, Luther Hodge, where it notes that George Washington (Uncle Wash) was a Methodist Minister Circuit Rider in TN. He was away from home so much that the family left him and moved to Texas around 1880. When he got old and mentally disturbed he moved to Texas and lived with his daughter Susan and died 1905. This last statement is confirmed by the 1900 census for Robertson County, TX, where Susan Hodge is head of household with six children and her father, George W. Darwin, age 70, is residing with them.
DARWIN, 4.155 George Washington (I2864)

Commentary: DWD 4.157

Peyton Bland Darwin, born 5 Aug. 1834, was the youngest son of the family and was still living in the household of his parents on the 1860 TN census, where he is listed as a farm hand and was probably also helping his parents in the home in their final years.

During the Civil War, Peyton served as a private in Co. D, 44th Tennessee Infantry Regt. CSA and it was during this period that his father died of old age, 24 May 1862, in his seventy-fifth year. Consequently, Peyton bought the old family home in 1865 in the settlement of William's estate and is shown as a farmer on the census records from 1870 to 1900.

In turn on his own death, 6 March 1908, the house went to his two surviving children, Frank and Mattie Darwin. Mattie Darwin sold the property in 1929 to Sam Henley, who remained there until 1940, during which time the house was torn down.
DARWIN, 4.157 Peyton Bland (I2866)

Commentary: DWD 4.164

Cynthia Darwin was the eldest daughter of the family, born 1820 in York County, and is listed with her husband, David Chamblain, who was a farmer, in Spartanburg County both on the 1850 SC census (where her name is incorrectly given as Catherine A.) as well as on the 1860 SC census with a family of six children. By 1870, the census indicates that only two of their children, Sarah and David, were still living at home with them.
DARWIN, 4.164 Cynthia Arian (I2721)

Commentary: DWD 4.165

I estimate that Jane Darwin married James G. Love in the summer of 1840 as she is identified in the 1840 SC census head count of the children in the John B. Darwin?s household. James Love was a farmer and he is listed with Jane and their children on the 1850, 1860 and 1870 SC census records living in Union County.

During the Civil War, James served in Co. A, 12th South Carolina Volunteers CSA, attaining the rank of Sergeant. He was wounded shortly before the surrender of General Lee at Appomattox in April 1865 and survived to return safely home.
DARWIN, 4.165 Jane E. (I2715)

Commentary: DWD 4.166

After John W. Darwin married Permelia Kendrick, they settled in Union County, SC, where the 1850 census lists John as a Planter.

At the time of John's untimely death on 18 June 1856, they had raised a family of four children who were all born in Union County. John is buried in the grounds of Hopewell Baptist Church, which is located in what is now Cherokee Co., SC, near the York County line. The epitaph on his tombstone gives no indication of the cause of death but it is suspected that he may have died of typhus which was then prevalent in the area.
DARWIN, 4.166 John W. (I2718)

Commentary: DWD 4.168

The 1850 Census for Pickens County, Alabama, was enumerated in November and lists the family of A.P. Guyton, age 46, with his wife, Nancy M. Guyton, age 23, and their eight month old daughter, Gilly, who were all born in South Carolina, so the indications are that the family had newly arrived in Alabama in 1850 sometime in the spring or summer.

I do not have a death date for Abraham Guyton but he probably succumbed in the following year of 1851 to the harsh conditions of the land in this undeveloped area of Alabama, because by November 1853, Nancy (Darwin) Guyton had remarried to her second cousin, William Peyton Smarr.
DARWIN, 4.168 Nancy M. (I2723)

Commentary: DWD 4.172

Robert Russell Darwin became a Physician and it is possible that he was influenced in deciding to study medicine because his brother-in-law, James A. Smith, who was married to Sarah R. Darwin, was practicing as a Physician.

The 1850 SC census shows Robert, at the age of 17, listed as a student living in the household of James and Sarah Smith in York County. Robert later qualified as a Doctor of Medicine at the Medical College of South Carolina and the University of Virginia and by 1860, the census shows that he was practicing his profession in York County, now married to Martha Elizabeth Whitesides along with their first child, Ada Isabella, who was about one year old.
DARWIN, 4.172 Robert Russell (I2730)

Commentary: DWD 4.173

The 1850 SC census for York County shows the family of John B. Darwin and his wife Gilly, where their daughter, Amanda, is listed age 16.

About 1855, Amanda Darwin married Benjamin H. Wofford and they settled in Spartanburg County as shown on the 1860 SC census, by which time they had a family of three daughters. Also living in their household was Ira Wofford, age 32, who I assume was Benjamin's older brother and both are listed as farmers.

However, by 1870 Amanda and the three girls have vanished from the census records and I believe that this is yet another case of virulent disease causing havoc among the children of John Bland Darwin, although I don't actually have the details of their death records.

In 1870, I have identified Benjamin Wofford, now married to a Sally, along with an eight year old son, Longstreet Wofford, who I believe is Amanda's son. The Ira Wofford noted above was living in the next household so I am satisfied that we are looking at the correct families. The family names on York County Probate Records have been listed by Barbara R. Langdon, where she references Amanda Darwin and Benjamin Wofford on a probate record in 1869, which may infer that Amanda died that year as she fails to show up on the 1870 census.
DARWIN, 4.173 Amanda E. (I2732)

Commentary: DWD 4.174

Martin V. Darwin followed in the footsteps of his father and became a farmer in York County, SC. During the Civil War, Martin enlisted in Co. B (Miller's), 12th Regt South Carolina Volunteers CSA on 13 August 1861 and by mid-September was made 2nd Sergeant of the Company.

The 12th Regt SCV was part of Gregg's Brigade, which played a conspicuous part in the Seven Days Battle followed by the Second Battle of Manassas during which Martin became a casualty and was listed absent due to his wounds from 29 August 1862. He returned home to convalesce in York County and when he had recovered enough, he first acted as a recruiting officer in Yorkville until the middle of 1863, after which he returned to his unit as a 1st Lieutenant and served until the surrender in April 1865.

With the return of peace, Martin married Mary Kidd on 24 April 1866 and his family is listed on the 1870 and 1880 SC census in York County (Broad River Twp). After Martin died at his home on Kings Creek, 17 Oct. 1895, at the age of 58, his wife Mary took over the household and is listed on the 1900 and 1910 SC census.
DARWIN, 4.174 Martin Van Buren (I2734)

Commentary: DWD 4.177

By January 1862 the Civil War had been raging for nine months, when Elsey S. Darwin, almost 20 years old, enlisted in the same unit as his two brothers, Robert and Martin, Co. B (Miller's), 12th Regt South Carolina Volunteers CSA, part of Gregg's Brigade, and would share in their exploits up to the time his brother, Martin, sustained injuries at the Second Battle of Manassas.

It is believed that Elsey accompanied Martin back to York County and would be listed AWOL until he was restored to active duty by court martial in March 1863. After the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863, Gregg's Brigade was part of the rearguard protecting the army's withdrawal across the River Potomac at Falling Waters, where Elsey was captured on 14 July 1863. He would remain a prisoner of war until March 1864, when he was paroled in an exchange of prisoners and would eventually rejoin his unit to serve out the war. Elsey Darwin married Sarah Ann Pilgrim 2 June 1868 and they settled in Spartanburg Co., SC, where they are shown living in the vicinity of Woodruff on the 1900 SC census.
DARWIN, 4.177 Elsey Sandlin (I2739)

Commentary: DWD 4.181

John D. Smarr was born 27 Jan. 1818 at the Smarr Plantation, located at the junction of the Pacolet and Broad Rivers, and according to the 1860 SC census, his birth place was in Union County though by 1897, this area of S. Carolina would become part of Cherokee County.

Before John's marriage in 1850, he wrote a diary of three trips that he made on horseback across the southern states, which I believe were carried out in part for pleasure to visit friends and relatives who had migrated from S. Carolina, as well as to attend to business affairs pertaining to the Smarr estate.

His first trip was the most ambitious when he covered about 1630 miles in just over six weeks from 20 April 1841 to 4 July 1841, departing from the Smarr home in S. Carolina to Mississippi. He took a south-westerly route via Spartanburg and Greenville crossing into Georgia in the direction of Carnesville, Lawrenceville and on to Allatoona (north of Atlanta) and from there he headed in a westerly direction to the Alabama state line and across to Springville, where the route again turned south-westerly via Jonesborough, Tuscaloosa, Eutaw and York to the Mississippi border. In Mississippi, John travelled around in a 400 mile loop through Columbus, Aberdeen, Pontotoc, Oxford, Coffeeville, Louisville and Dekalb, finally recrossing the state border back to York in Alabama and retracing the same route home back to S. Carolina.

On his second trip, John was accompanied by his cousin, John W. Darwin, and they followed a well trodden route that migrants from the Carolinas to Middle Tennessee had been using for decades, which crossed the Appalachians at Walnut Gap. The round trip was approximately 800 miles and took just over a month from 7 Sept. 1846 to 9 Oct. 1846, though it should be noted that they sojourned for a week after they reached their destination in Tennessee at the home of William D. Hendley, who lived about seven miles from Columbia, in Maury County near the Duck River. William Hendley was looking after property which was part of the estate of John Smarr Sr., who had died 5 October 1842.

Starting out from the Smarr Plantation, the two cousins had joined up at the home of John B. Darwin and proceeded through Rutherfordton, Hendersonville, Asheville and Warmsprings in North Carolina, following the French Broad River through the Appalachians into Tennessee to Newport. The route beyond took them via Knoxville, Kingston, Crab Orchard, Sparta and then southwest to Winchester and Decherd, where they spent the night at the home of their uncle, William Darwin and his wife Elizabeth. The next morning, 20 Sept. 1846, they continued their journey passing again through Winchester and on to Farmington, in Marshall County, reaching Columbia and finally William D. Hendley's home on the twenty-first. On the 28 Sept. 1846, they commenced their return trip following back on the identical route they came, stopping off again at William Darwin's home for the last two days of the month, and from there taking only nine days to complete their trip, returning to their homes in South Carolina.

John D. Smarr's third trip, which was spread over nearly a two month period from 21 Aug. 1848 to 17 Oct. 1848, was again to Tennessee with the purpose of selling a farm belonging to the estate of John Smarr Sr. and to settle other business matters. The round trip was again approximately 800 miles, however this time John travelled alone and went out by a different way, the route being dependent on those he was visiting. From the Smarr home, he first went to Laurens, Saluda and Abbeville in South Carolina, then crossing the Savannah River into Georgia, followed a route that arced through the north of Georgia via Clarksville, Dahlonega, Ellijay, Springplace, Ringgold, Chickamauga and Rossville to just south of the Tennessee border. Entering Tennessee by Lookout Mountain, John took the ferry over the River Tennessee and headed in the direction of Winchester and Decherd, where he again stayed for nearly a week with his uncle, William Darwin. On 11 September 1848, John continued his journey via Shelbyville and Columbia to William Hendley's home in Maury County, where he remained for three weeks while completing his business in Columbia and Nashville. On 4 Oct. 1848, John departed from William Hendley's place on his return trip, stopping again at William Darwin's home the next two nights and finally returning 17 Oct. 1748 to S. Carolina by the same route that he had used in 1846.

The 1860 SC census for York County (P.O. Bullock Creek) shows J.D. Smarr settled as a farmer, with his wife, Margaret, and their three youngest surviving children, of which only two would reach maturity and one would marry.
SMARR, 4.181 John Darwin (I1755)

Commentary: DWD 4.186

Joseph Gist Smarr was born 21 Oct. 1929 in Union Co., SC, and is shown on the 1860 SC census living in the household of his brother, James M. Smarr, in York County (P.O. Hopewell) where he is listed as a Physician.

He married 12 May 1862, Martha R. Youngblood, whose parents' home was in York County, and Joseph with his wife, Martha, along with their children, William (aged 6) and Lucy (age 1), are shown on the 1870 census in Blainsville, York Co., SC.
SMARR, 4.186 Joseph Gist (I1759)

Commentary: DWD 4.187

James Madison Smarr was born 6 Sep. 1831 in York Co., SC, where he married 15 Feb. 1855 Martha Leech and to this union there was one child, Martha J. Smarr, who was born 9 Dec. 1855. I understand that James Smarr's wife, Martha, was born in Hickory Grove, York County ( and she died a week after the birth of her daughter on 15 Dec. 1855.

James remarried 21 May 1857 Martha Elizabeth Moss and they are listed on the 1860 SC census in York County (P.O. Hopewell) with young Martha (age 4), as well as their two sons, William (age 2) and John (age 1). Also listed in the household is D.G. Smarr, age 30, Physician, who is James Smarr's brother, Dr. Joseph Gist Smarr.

James M. Smarr died 29 Jan. 1877 at the age of 45 and his wife, Martha, is listed as head of household on the 1900 census for Bullocks Creek Twp, York Co., SC, where four of her children, John, Mary, Lillie and Joseph were still at home along with Martha's two sisters, Rujah Moss and Minnie Moss.
SMARR, 4.187 James Madison (I1761)

Commentary: DWD 4.201

I only have reference to the family of James Thomas Summerford from Gayle Blankenship's publication.
SUMMERFORD, 4.202 James Thomas Darwin (I3868)

Commentary: DWD 4.207

John Albert Darwin married Edna Webb about 1890 and settled in Athens, Clarke Co., GA, where he is listed on the 1900, 1910 & 1920 census. By 1930, his wife Edna was head of household and had her daughter's family living with her.
DARWIN, 4.207 John Albert (I2645)

Commentary: DWD 4.20

Children's names taken from 1850 Hanover Co. census & Mg. Bond
WALDROPE, 4.020 Richard (I3679)

Commentary: DWD 4.24

Children's names taken from 1850 & 1860 Louisa Co. census.
WALDROPE, 4.024 Wealthy Ann (I3683)

Commentary: DWD 4.29

Elizabeth (Ryan) Foster was called 'Betsy' and the known children are taken from the 1850 Louisa Co. census.
RYAN, 4.029 Elizabeth (I3692)

Commentary: DWD 4.30

I was interested to note that both the 1860 and 1870 Tennessee census show Bethiah's birthplace as Tennessee while the earlier census of 1850 gives her birthplace as N. Carolina, which I believe to be correct. Bethiah's mother, Susannah White Clements later returned to N. Carolina where she died in 1871 aged 93.

Leaves from the Family Tree by Penelope Johnson Allen states that

James A. Darwin moved to Rhea County, Tennessee, about the year 1820, bought 300 acres of land and spent the remainder of his life there.

However, the court case of Wm. Castle v John McCarver would establish that James was still living in Jackson Co., TN, in November 1822 at the time of the "Cart" incident and that would mean that James and Bethiah's first four children were born there while the remainder were born in Rhea Co., TN, at his new home situated three miles north of Washington, the county seat, and about the same distance from the River Tennessee, which forms a water frontage of approximately forty miles along the county border.

James established a trading post, Darwin Station, at his settlement to serve the local community and was ideally placed being close to Washington Landing, an important river port that served the town of Washington. Merchandise had to be hauled by wagon from Knoxville before the introduction of river transport and by the 1820s steamboat traffic connected all the settlements along the upper Tennessee River, so the merchants in Rhea County could conveniently trade with Knoxville, Chattanooga and other towns along the river, including Decatur in Alabama which hitherto had found it easier to buy goods from the southern ports of Mobile and New Orleans than from East Tennessee.

James was also active in local public affairs and at one time was a member of the County Court. He died September 17, 1872 at the age of 76 years, 1 month, 5 days. His wife Bethiah died the following year at Darwin Station on April 27, 1873 at the age of 75 years, 2 months, 24 days and they are both buried in the Pierce Cemetery in Evensville, which is the town that sprang up next to Darwin Station.
DARWIN, 4.030 James Adams (I3284)

Commentary: DWD 4.31

John Darwin has been identified on the 1820 census for Limestone Co., AL, where he is listed living alone and aged over 21. With John's early demise, the only positive record that I have of him is his marriage to Mary Wright on 8 February 1826 in Madison Co., AL, where Mary is recorded as May Wright.
DARWIN, 4.031 John L. (I3698)

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