Matches 101 to 150 of 2,721

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Commentary: DWD 1.01

Sarah L. Petty was born 1 May 1842 in Dickson Co., TN, and moved with her parents to Navarro Co., TX, about 1848. She married, 3 Oct. 1860, George Riley Boren, who was known as Riley, in Boren, Ellis Co., TX.

The parents of her husband, Michael and Mary Ann Boren, had moved to Ellis County in 1847 and had settled 2 miles east of Reagor Springs, at that time part of Navarro County when the land was still a wilderness with creeks and streams in several places. Michael Boren had received a bounty of 320 acres in Ellis County for his service in the Texas War of Independence with Mexico. All the children of George and Sarah Boren were born in Ellis Co., TX.
PETTY, 5.194 Sarah L. (I4140)

Commentary: DWD 1.01

The children were born in Jackson, Louisa County, VA (1860, 1870, 1880 & 1900 Louisa census)/blockquote> 
TATE, 5.017 William Peyton (I3901)

Commentary: DWD 2.01

Little is known about William Ward or where he came from before he met and married Agnes Darwin. Agnes has her name spelt both Agness and Agathy on the Louisa County records and it is interesting to note that she and her husband bought a 50 acre tract of land from Charles & Sarah Dickenson on 12 April 1773 for 21 pounds in the name of their son John Ward, that has a similar ring to the 1746 deed of William Darwin insomuch as the Ward deed states 'William Ward & Agness shall have their lives, the longest liver of them' (DB D p.486). Noting here that their eldest son John Ward was only 13 years old in 1773. William Ward made his will 6 April 1799 and died at the end of the year when his will was returned 14 Dec. 1799.

Agnes would live on for nearly another twenty years and made her will 16 Jan. 1810 and it was returned for probate 14 Dec. 1818/9.
DARWIN, 2.01 Agnes (I1794)

Commentary: DWD 2.04

William Darwin Jr. is a will-o'-the-wisp character who I note was given a death date of 1823 in Amelia County, VA, in Gayle Blankenship's publication. I contacted Gayle to check how his name was spelt and Gayle informed me that she had been given this information but would be glad to double check the data for me from the VA Library. Her findings were that his name was spelt Dearin:

Index to Wills 1734-1926
1823-26 Dearin, William Senr. Adm. Acct. (WB 10 p.662)

There were no details of a will but the story may not end here if there are no Dearin families in Virginia and this possibly turns out to be a William Dervin. I do not hold a lot of hope but his death date(given as 1823, Amelia Co. Va) would be appropriate for our William Darwin Jr. Incidentally, while we are on the subject of Amelia County, VA, Gayle also checked the marriage record of Nicholas Darwin and Elizabeth Jones listed in the Butley publication. Gayle's findings were that his name was Durnin:

Marriages 1716-52 No Darwin / Dervin / Durvin
1739, July 16 Durnin, Nicholas to Elizabeth Jones: John Jones, Security.

Could this Durnin be a Durvin? There was no will listed for Nicholas and I believe that the original source of this Nicholas Darwin was from the William and Mary College Quarterly, Vol. 19, (1910-11), pages 174-175, 'Amelia County Marriage Bonds 1735-1755' communicated by H.W. de Kraft, Amelia, VA. See also 2.6 Jesse Darwin / Durvin for variations of the spelling of the Darwin family name.
DARWIN, 2.04 William Jr. (I1797)

Commentary: DWD 2.05

No bible record has been found for James Darwin's family that gives a full list of his family or his marriage date. I have one researcher's family group sheet stating that James married Mary Cowan about 1766 in York Co., SC (or more accurately the district that would become York Co., in 1785). However the same family group sheet also shows their son William Washington Darwin (3.11) born 1764. I rather suspect that the source copy of this date showed 1769 where a badly written 9 has been read as a looped 4. (Also note that William was aged 81 on the 1850 AL census).

Other sources and charts, which may possibly be based on the Harrington Papers, show James and Mary's eldest son as James Darwin Jr., born 1766. I do not believe their first son was James who possibly may have died in infancy.

With a sparsity of data, the early researchers had a problem reconstructing the list of children in the family with the only guide being the male and female head count on the 1790, 1800 and 1810 census records for SC. It was presumed that James Sr. married at the age of majority around 1765/66 and then that the eldest son was born shortly thereafter and given his father's name (as it was known from the 1810 SC census where James is listed as James Darvin Sr. that there was a son James Jr. but it was not possible to determine his age).

The second problem confronting the researchers was whether Mary (Cowan) Darwin could possibly be the mother of the youngest children numbered on the 1810 SC census who were born after 1790 at which time Mary was aged 44, or were they more likely grand children of the conjectured eldest son James Jr.

Fortunately the problem became resolved by the fine detective work of Frances Corcoran who located the record of James Darwin Jr.1s (3.18) second marriage to Mary Raper, 12 Jan. 1830 in St. Landry Parish, LA which also noted that he was the son of James DARWIN and Mary COWEN, and then Frances combined the age data from the 1820 and 1830 Louisiana census for James Darwin Jr. with the above SC census records for James Darwin Sr. to finalize that James Darwin Jr. was born between 1784 and 1790. It was then considered that the youngest girls were also Mary Cowan Darwin's daughters, which meant that Mary was aged 50 when she gave birth to her youngest daughter, also named Mary Darwin.

James bought 100 acres of land from John Fulton on 20 July 1770 where the deed was issued under Tryon Co., NC (Tryon Co. was abolished in 1779 and up to 1772 would have included almost all of present day York and Cherokee counties in SC). There is a deed dated 23 Dec. 1784 in York Co. where Robert McCurdy sold land to Henry Plaxico on both sides of Beaver Dam Creek of Broad River which adjoined land belonging to James Darwin. On the 7 Oct. 1786 James bought 300 acres more on Beaver Dam Creek from Robert Bland (the father of Jane Bland who married John Darwin) and this land bordered on the land he already had. The witnesses were his brother, John Darwin, and Henry Plaxico, who is noted in the deed above.

During the Revolutionary War (1776-83), James served as a soldier in South Carolina Militia and was duly paid the sum of 53-2-10 sterling for having served a total of 297 days under Capt. William McCulloch, Capt. Barnett and General Henderson as shown on his pay billet.

The Darvin and Dervin spelling of the family name in South Carolina, including the SC census records, may have come about as a result of James Darwin's signature that appears to be written with a 'v' The signature is not bad considering that he was a farmer and not a clerk. James left no will but a deed in York Co., SC dated 7 June 1817 to Jeremiah Smith gives all his land and personal estate to Smith upon his and Mary's death provided Smith gives them support and pays their present debts. It would seem from the SC census that the youngest daughter had married and was still living with James Darwin Sr. in 1820, from which it is deduced that this Jeremiah Smith is the husband and explains why this particular arrangement was made in the deed. No name was given for the wife of Jeremiah Smith. On my chart I showed this daughter as Nancy because I was given record in a family listing that she married a Smith and reference to Nancy, had also been given as a sister of William Washington Darwin in 'Leaves from the Family Tree' by Penelope Johnson Allen (published 1933). I had a concern that this Nancy referenced may be the daughter Anne, who married Andrew Dudney, since Nancy is the pet form of the name Anne but decided to accept the data that was available. I have since been informed that this daughter's name is Mary Darwin and that by 1840, she and her husband Jeremiah Smith had moved to Benton County, TN, where they are listed on the census. The family of Mary's sister, Jane Darwin Petty who was married to Thomas Petty, were also living in Benton County during this period.

It is likely that all James Darwin's children were born at his homestead in SC in what would become York Co. in 1785. Tim Grana references that James was in SC as early as April 1767 and it is my belief that he probably married Mary Cowan in SC (1766). Maybe their marriage record along with the elder children's birth records were transferred north to NC after the separation from Tryon County, NC in 1772 and were subsequently mislaid after the abolition of that county in 1779.
DARWIN, 2.05 James (I2681)

Commentary: DWD 2.07

Jesse Darwin stayed in proximity to his parent's home in their later years and as a consequence was the son who inherited the family estate, yet it was this branch of the family that remained in Virginia that the Darwin name would evolve to the almost unrecognisable spelling of Durvin. The land records included other such variations as Durwin and Dearvin but all Jesse's children would be recorded under the Durvin name. Having had the opportunity to study several of these Louisa county deeds, I am in agreement with Tim Grana that the straightforward name of Darwin when written in a loose hand can look as remote as Dearvin and this spelling in turn could be copied to another document at a later date. Probably what compounded the problem was the fact that neither Jesse nor his wife Ann, who was known as Nancy, were literate as witnessed by the fact that they both had to sign their signatures with a cross mark on a deed dated 7th June 1799, when Jesse sold off 15 acres of his inheritance for $31.50 to Samuel Parsons his adjoining neighbour, leaving himself with just 85 acres of land.

Jesse does not appear to have left a will and reconstructing his family is somewhat of a problem. On the 1782 Louisa Co. Personal Property Tax List, Jesse is shown to have his own household of 3 white and 1 black person which one has to consider is himself, his wife, first child and a servant. In her book, Gayle Blankenship names two of his children: Sarah b. 1784 and William D., b. 1788, and I note that his marriage date is placed between these two children in November 1786, nine months after his father's death. The 1800 census record adds a further son, who may have died young, and four daughters whose names are unknown. Gayle Blankenship places Jesse's death ca 1805, the last year he was on the Personal Property Tax List as his wife's name replaces him in 1806. If Jesse died intestate, it may explain why the land records for the property fail to show at what date the eldest son, William D. Durvin, actually inherited the home and this event may have only been completed after his mother's death.
DARWIN, 2.07 Jesse (I2948)

Commentary: DWD 2.08

Unlike his brothers James and Jesse, it is fortunate in the case of John Darwin that there is not only a bible record and final will that comprehensively lists all the family members but also a document written in John's own words, when he made an application in Oct. 1834 for a pension as a soldier of the Revolutionary War (1776-83), that gives a graphic picture of his war time action and return to a peace time life when he exchanged the home of his youth in Louisa Co., VA, for the open lands of the Carolinas.

John Darwin was granted a pension for his services during the Revolutionary War on October 22, 1835 at the rate of $112.50 per annum. He continued receiving the pension until his death in July 1837. John made his will in November 1836 and it was returned for probate 6 Nov. 1837.

All of John Darwin's children were born in York Co., SC. The earliest deed book in York Co. starts in 1785 but a few deeds of earlier dates are included because some of the land had earlier been granted by the governor of N. Carolina. One, for instance, was a deed for 300 acres from Humphrey Barnett to John Darwin which had originally been granted to Zachariah Bullock on April 28, 1768 by Gov. William Tryon of N. Carolina. Bullock had transferred it to George Cowen, who transferred it to Robert Loughridge, who then transferred it to Humphrey Barnett. John Darwin bought it on 15 Oct. 1782. During that time York Co. had become part of South Carolina.
DARWIN, 2.08 John (I0136)

Commentary: DWD 3.01

All marriages were in Louisa Co. and no children found on record. John Ward was a soldier in the Revolutionary War and served at Yorktown (his age data was obtained from Pension record). In 1850, his wife Nancy (age 80) was living with Wm & Betsy Foster in Louisa and her death from old age (83) was reported on 14 Jun. 1854 by her nephew Albert G. Hencey (Hinchey?). John Ward left all his property at the death of his wife to Patrick H. Hinchey (no relationship given) and to Elizabeth Ryan, dau. of Thomas Ryan. (WB 10 p.136)
WARD, 3.01 John (I3560)

Commentary: DWD 3.06

Keziah's husband Nathaniel Tate was on the Personal Property Tax List 1787-1820 Louisa Co. and he died intestate. On 9 Aug. 1797 he bought 63 acres of land in Louisa Co. on the branches of Locust Creek adjacent to Waddy (DB 9 p.408). The inventory and estate sale of Keziah deceased was held in November 1836 by William W. Anderson, Administrator (WB 9 p.511).
WARD, 3.06 Keziah (I3565)

Commentary: DWD 3.07

Agness (Ward) Foster died before her husband John who died 1844 (WB 11 p.162) and the will supplies the names of the children.
WARD, 3.07 Agnes (I3566)

Commentary: DWD 3.11

I was given a birth date for William W. Darwin as 12 Aug. 1762 and while the day and month may have some substance, I rather believe that the year 1762 was based on a rough estimate made in order to fit William Washington Darwin into the line of the conjectured 'Rev. John Darwin (1718-1800) who came to America?', as identified in the article Leaves from the Family Tree by Penelope Johnson Allen (1933). The article also notes that that William died 1853, while most sources quote the previous year 1852.

I showed a death date for Jane Adams Darwin of 1825 on my chart, which was extracted from the publication Records of Rhea by T.J. Campbell (1940) and seemed reasonable at the time since the last child born in 1824 was Pendleton Gaines Darwin (at which date Jane would have been 50, an unlikely age for a child but not impossible).

I have subsequently been given some notes written by Mattie Patton Darwin (1876-1966), who was the librarian at Huntsville, AL, for many years, stating that William Washington Darwin settled in Jackson Co., TN, in 1808 and after the death of his first wife Jane, he married again and his second wife (no name given) was the mother of the younger children. Having studied her statement, I do believe that it fits in with the little recorded data that is available.

There is evidence from the records of the El Bethel Baptist Church of Union Co., SC, that George Cowan Darwin and his family departed South Carolina in or after February 1808 and as such it is very likely that George was accompanied by his brother William, along with wife Jane and their four sons, James (aged 11), twins George & William (aged 8) and John L. Darwin (aged 9). I don't know why February or maybe March was chosen which is not the warmest time of year to travel but perhaps the move was tied into the land purchase or the sowing of crops on the new land. The journey using packhorses or small carts that are more conducive to the hilly terrain of East Tennessee would have taken approximately a month, possibly more with so many young children in both families, to reach Jackson County.

The most probable route that they took through the Appalachian barrier was Walnut Gap, which is at an elevation of 2,200 feet, via Warm Springs (today it's named Hot Springs, NC, on US Highway 70), twenty five miles northwest of Ashville, NC, and then following the course of the French Broad River to Knoxville where it junctions with the Holston River to form the Tennessee. The route would have continued along the present day US Highway 70 via Kingston to Crab Orchard and once passed the Crab Orchard Mountains, the land opens out to the rolling bluegrass country of Middle Tennessee leading north-westwards to Jackson County.

Is it possible that the strain of the journey and settling down in an undeveloped tract of land at the end of winter had a debilitating effect on Jane? I do not have Jane's death date which I'm informed was around 1810 and for some reason the 1810 census for Jackson Co. fails to show either Darwin family so that by the 1820 census for William Darwin in Jackson Co., the household shows his second wife, Elizabeth (Gaines) Darwin and three of his sons who from the ages indicated are likely to be the twins George and William, aged almost 21, and Robert Cowan Darwin who is reckoned to be about 9 years old.

It is believed that William's eldest son, James Adams Darwin, having married in 1816, had already departed the home and was at the household of his wife's parents in Jackson Co. as he fails to be recorded on the 1820 Tennessee census.

Likewise, William Washington Darwin is not found on either the 1830 or 1840 census records and it is thought that he moved to Madison Co., AL, where his son George made his home. However, William also spent some time with his eldest son, James Adams Darwin, after he had made his home in Rhea Co., TN, as testified by a copy of a family letter from son Andrew that was written 28 Feb. 1849 to Mr. G.C. Darwin, Jr., Highland, Jackson County, Tennessee:

Dear Cousin, You also wrote that you wanted to know something about my father, he is living at James'. I saw him since I received your letter and he told me that he had wrote to your uncle George last fall. (Signed) A.M. Darwin

If this letter is correct, then William moved within a year back to his son George, where he is shown aged 81 on 1850 Alabama census in Madison County and resided there for the rest of his life.
DARWIN, 3.11 William Washington (I2686)

Commentary: DWD 3.12

I have two unrelated family sheets that state that George Cowan Darwin married Delilah Harrington in Richmond, Virginia in 1796. I do not know if this data has been taken from a specific record or whether it is based on an intuitive deduction that their eldest son, born 16 Oct. 1796, was named Richmond, in celebration of the place of their nuptials. I can only say that the 1860 census for Butlers Landing, Jackson Co., TN, where Richmond's name is given as Richman Dirvin, aged 63, his place of birth is given as South Carolina.

Ten years later in 1870, while still at Butlers Landing, Richmond Darwin is shown as: Darwin, R, now aged 73, with a place of birth as Virginia. I suppose the fact that Richmond offers Virginia on the later census makes me consider it quite plausible that his parents were also married in Virginia.

As mentioned in section 3.11, the 1803-45 records of El Bethel Baptist Church of Union County (now Cherokee County), SC show that on

October 1803, 4th Saturday: Received by experience Brother George Darwin. On Sunday baptised him....
May 1805 Monthly Meeting: Received by experience Our Sister Delilah Darwin...
February 1808 Monthly Meeting: Letter of dismissal granted to Sister Delilah Darwin.

Soon thereafter, George with his wife Delilah and six children moved from York Co., SC to their river-bottom plantation in White's Bend of the Cumberland River, Jackson Co., TN. I do not know how eventful the journey was, their son Richmond would have been aged 11, followed by Chapman (aged 8), Nancy (aged 7), William Green (aged 4), Young John (nearly 3) and baby Washington Darwin (about 8 months old) and Delilah was also carrying her next daughter Mary, who would be born in July 1808.

At present I do not have details of the land records but I wonder if George's brother William owned a separate tract of land or whether he agreed to work with George on his White Bend's Plantation that is sometimes referenced as the Darwin Plantation and would later be renamed Riverside Farm.

The Tennessee census for 1810 does not appear to show a record for either Darwin brother and ten years later in 1820, there are three separate households for G.C. Darwin, his son shown as Richman Darwin, and for William Darwin together with three of his sons. Since these census entries are all on the same page 7, it does suggest that they were living in close proximity to one and other and possibly sharing their work activity.

By 1830 both his son Richmond as well as his brother William Washington Darwin had moved on to Alabama. George and Delilah would live out their lives on their plantation and are buried in the Darwin Cemetery, which was on part of their land that was fortunately on high ground and has survived to this day as most of the land was taken by eminent domain for the Cordell Hull Dam and Lake and is now under water.
DARWIN, 3.12 George Cowan (I2684)

Commentary: DWD 3.13

It is evident that the land in Union Co. (now Cherokee Co.) belonging to Thomas Petty's father, James Petty Sr., was bordering the land of James Darwin in York Co., SC, because several in both families intermarried. After Jane Darwin's marriage to Thomas, they remained in South Carolina, where their first five children were born though it is not clear as to whether they resided in York Co. or Union Co. and in 1807 the family departed for Tennessee. On the 11 Jan. 1808, Thomas bought 1051 acres in Hickman Co., TN, on both sides of the Piney River from Robert Weakley and this deed was registered on 23 July 1808.

It is believed that Jane's brother, James Darwin Jr., joined up with Thomas and Jane around 1812 as a state grant for 40 acres in Hickman Co. was given to him on 2 Aug. 1813 and mentions his "improvements" which meant he had certainly lived on it for a while at least. In 1814 Thomas Petty bought at a sheriff's auction, as highest bidder, this 40 acres, which was condemned to satisfy a judgement against James Darwin Jr. There is no further reference to James Darwin Jr. in Tennessee.

The Petty Papers note that Thomas Petty's estate amounted to 1200 acres in both Dickson and Hickman Co. in a part of Tennessee where the land was very fertile. The 1820 census for Dickson Co. shows that Thomas had ten slaves, six males and four females, who worked alongside the family in the planting and harvesting the crops. It was also in 1820 that James sold half of his original holding of 1051 acres to Gabriel Petty and two years later followed up this transaction with a further 40 acres to his brother from the James Darwin, Jr., tract (see section 3.15 Sarah Darwin).

A year later in 1823, he sold another 100 acres of his original holding to his son James D. Petty. Finally, he sold the last of his land in Dickson Co. to his son James D. Petty by the beginning of April 1834 in preparation for a move westward to Benton Co., TN, in 1835 at which time he was 70 years old.

The travel party consisted of himself, his wife Jane and youngest daughter Keziah along with the families of his sons John and Robert Cowan Petty. He lived the remainder of his life at his new home in Benton Co. and died in 1841 at the age of 76.

In his will he named his sons James D. Petty, Ambrose R. Petty, George V. Petty, John M. Petty, and Robert C. Petty; and also his two daughters Polly D. Wright, and Keziah A. Whitehorn. Sons John M. Petty and Robert C. Petty were appointed executors of the estate.

After the sale of the estate on 24 Aug. 1841, several claims for debts were made against Thomas' estate. These resulted in an order of the court to sell in public auction the slaves of the estate, consisting of a negro woman named Crecy, age 27, a girl named Susan, age 10, a girl named Harriet, age 6, a girl named Caroline, age 3, and a boy named George, age 2. When the sale occurred, Robert Cowan Petty purchased all five so that they could remain with the estate and help care for his widowed mother Jane, who would live another three years until 1844.
DARWIN, 3.13 Jane (I2710)

Commentary: DWD 3.14

I was given the information that Andrew Dudney was a Captain in the War of 1812 serving with Andrew Jackson but recent research by Tim Grana would suggest that it was not Andrew but his father, Abraham Dudney, who was the Captain under the command of Major William Woodfolk, West Tennessee Militia (March 1814-April 1815). Andrew Dudney's own life was cut short in 1819 at the age of 30 when he drowned in the Roaring River, Jackson Co., TN and his body was never recovered.
DARWIN, 3.14 Anne (I3537)

Commentary: DWD 3.15

The family of Sarah (who was known as Sallie) and Gabriel Petty remained in Union Co., SC, for about ten years until about 1814 when they made the decision to follow in the footsteps of Jane and Thomas Petty to Tennessee. It is believed that they were accompanied by the family of the younger sister, Jerusha Darwin, who was married to Solomon Petty as all three families are shown in the 1820 census in Hickman Co., TN. On the 6 Jan 1820, Thomas Petty was happy to decrease his land holding by selling off 525 acres of his original 1808 purchase to his brother Gabriel.

Sallie (Darwin) Petty must have died between 1824 (when her last recorded child was born) and 1830 when she fails to be shown on the Tennessee census. Gabriel married again in February 1832 to Sally Edwards in Dickson Co. and I have no further information on his second wife or family. Gabriel is last mentioned in a Dickson Co. court record dated 5 July 1845 in reference to the estate of his son, George Cowen Petty, but fails to appear on the 1850 census, so likewise his death can only be approximated to the period 1845-1850. 
DARWIN, 3.15 Sarah (I3570)

Commentary: DWD 3.16

I had very little information on the children of John M. Darwin until September 1999, when I was mailed an unexpected but very welcome package from Hazel Darwin McGuire that gave me a comprehensive picture of the descendants of John's son, John Cowan Darwin, who settled in Cooke Co., TX. Unfortunately, Hazel could not trace the family back an earlier generation from her Texas roots and knew nothing about the Alabama background of John M. Darwin's family. In return for the generosity of Hazel's information, I felt obliged to draw up a chart for John M. Darwin although there were many gaps in my knowledge and my mainstay was dependent on census records.

I received only one reply from a descendant of Jane Darwin in Jackson Co., AL, and he had managed to trace his line back to Jane Darwin with some assistance by corresponding with Frances Corcoran though he was unsure as to the identity of Jane's husband.

I had a discussion with Frances concerning John M. Darwin's family and she was quite convinced that John had taken plural wives. At the time I drafted my chart, I believed that the available records supported this supposition as the 1850 census for Jackson Co., AL, shows John Darwin with a wife Sally, aged 60, and Janie, aged 35, who has to be the mother of the younger children shown in the household. I have given John M. Darwin's death date as 1856, which is based on an entry in the Alabama genealogical publication Valley Leaves (Vol. 5) for the Probate Records 1856 Jackson Co., Ala.: "Acc. Of John G. Dixon ? Darwin J.M. ? Estate" and this date connects with Jane Darwin's last child, a son, Alison Darwin who was born April 1857.

In my search for the older children shown on the 1830 AL census for Jackson Co. where John M. Darwin was shown to have a household of 7 males and 3 females in addition to himself, I was having great difficulty making up the numbers for these children even including both Darwin and Darvin families in my search spectrum. To digress for a moment, I received a letter from Robert C. Darwin of Rowlett, TX, who stated that there was a dispute among the Darwins of Cooke Co. as to whether the correct name was Darwin or Darvin and this was aside from Hazel Darwin McGuire's father adopting the Dervin spelling. I've mentioned this to make you aware how far you may have to search to find possible descendants of John M. Darwin if the Cooke Co. Darwins are typical for the group. As a result I readily accepted as a son, Arthur Darvin, who is listed in the Byron Sistler publication for the 1850 Tennessee census living in Cannon Co., TN, aged 37 born in Tennessee, with wife Rebecca, aged 38, and 4 children plus Elizabeth, aged 55, born in NC, who as Elizabeth Darvin had to be Arthur's mother and this reinforced the notion that John had more than one wife.

Unfortunately, I have to admit that I was in error and my chart is incorrect because I was led astray firstly by the census entry in the Byron Sistler publication which was based on a difficult to read census record which with the help of Tim Grana's website where magnification shows that the name is not Arthur Darvin but Arthur Warrin (Warren), so this eliminates Arthur as a son and one possible wife for John.

Secondly, examination of the full 1880 census for Jackson Co., AL, shows that Jane Darwin's father was born in S. Carolina and her mother born in Tennessee and that is just about conclusive that Jane is John's daughter and not a wife so the argument for plural wives disappears at a stroke but we are left with the admission that Jane was unmarried and raising a family within her parents household.

In tracing John's route from S. Carolina to Jackson Co., AL, we have only stepping stones of information that start with the preparation for his departure from York Co., SC, when on 26 Mar. 1807 he sold 150 acres on the north side of the Broad River for $800 to Joseph Leach. I have to surmise that John travelled to Hickman Co., TN, along with the family of Jane and Thomas Petty in 1807 and it was possibly in Hickman Co. that John's son James was born about 1809 to his wife Sally.

I understand that Sally Blackburn was born in Jefferson Co., TN, so it is possible that John met and married Sally there and also started his family there. The only evidence I have that John was in Tennessee is from his son, John Cowan Darwin, who gives Tennessee as his birthplace and is aged 34 on the 1850 Texas census.

John M. Darwin only remained in Tennessee for about ten years before moving on to Alabama, where I believe he is listed on the 1820 census in Limestone Co., AL, and of which I have no information apart from deducing that his son, Gideon Darwin, was born there in 1818 (from the 1850 CA census where Gideon Darwin is listed as a miner, aged 32, born AL).

By 1830, John had established his home in Jackson Co., AL, and the census record of that year indicates that he now had a family including seven males and three females as noted above. The Land Records of Jackson Co. show that John purchased 80 acres of land on 5 Aug. 1830. On 29 Sept. 1830, James W. Darwin also purchased 80 acres of land in Jackson Co. and at the time I produced my family chart, I was uncertain whether this James was his brother from St. Landry Parish, LA, or whether it was John's eldest son, still living at home, who had reached the age of majority as indicated by the 1830 AL census. I now have some indication that this is his son James, married to Nancy Blackburn who was connected on his mother's side of the family. I do not have the contents of these Jackson Co. Land Records, which are listed as follows:

1. John M. Darwin, 5 Aug. 1830, 80.00 acres
2. James W. Darwin, 29 Sep. 1830, 80.00 acres
3. John Cowan Darwin, 5 Jan. 1836, 39.88 acres
4. Susan A. Darwin, 29 Oct. 1836, 39.97 acres
5. John C. Darwin, 27 Feb. 1837, 39.96 acres
6. Jane Darwin, 1 June 1860, 80.01 acres

Research of these land deeds may bring an answer to the question regarding the identity of James W. Darwin and Susan A. Darwin and whether the deeds 3, 4, 5 & 6 are additional tracts of land or divisions of the original land referenced in 1 & 2.

Once it was determined that John M. Darwin's wife, Sally, was from the Blackburn family of Tennessee and Alabama, it confirmed that she was John's first wife (and not the Elizabeth Darvin as suggested above), since the name Gideon is a very popular name for a son in Blackburn families and relates back to an ancestor, the Rev. Gideon H. Blackburn (1772-1838) who was notable for his mission schools. John and Sally's son George C. Darwin (whose data I extracted from the 1850 Arkansas census, where he is listed with his wife Missouri, as: "Geo. C. Derwin 29 M Saddler Ala.") is I now believe the earliest settler of the Arkansas branch of this family group and should be shown on my Jackson County AL chart for John M. Darwin in place of Bryant Darvin (which was an error on my part).
DARWIN, 3.16 John M. (I2711)

Commentary: DWD 3.17

When I first charted the family of Mary Cowan and James Darwin in 1983, there were two daughters who could not be identified and their ages could only be approximated from the S. Carolina census records: one female born 1775-1785 and the other female born 1795-1800. I regret that I seem to have lost track of these date details because when I identified the first unknown daughter Nancy, who married Jeremiah Smith, I placed her in the middle order of the family when clearly she is the youngest of the family, shown on the 1820 SC census living with her husband in the household of James Darwin.

I received a letter from Ted Darwin in May 1994 identifying the other unknown daughter as Margaret. Ted had been in correspondence with Jennie P. Gardner who had been researching her ancestors and while studying the family of John and Margaret McCarver, she discovered from a court case in Jackson Co., TN, that John was actually the brother in law of George Cowan Darwin. The funny thing is that John McCarver born April 3, 1786 is listed on the Darwin/Nettles bible record but may have been overlooked because the printed list for the bible record has mistranscribed his name as John McCasvin.

On 10 Feb. 1824 proceedings were filed against John McCarver to answer the complaint of William Castle concerning a debt. The outcome of the case, which was heard 24 Oct. 1824, was returned in favour of the plaintiff, William Castle, who was awarded $15 together with the sum of one dollar cost of suit. John McCarver lodged an appeal against this decision and it is in the details of his appeal case that the family connection between John and George Cowan Darwin is noted. I have included here an extract from the Appeal because it not only gives an encapsulated picture of happenings in Jackson Co., TN, for this period but also establishes that James Adams Darwin was still in Jackson County during the mid 1820s and had not yet moved to Rhea Co., TN. James was not on the 1820 census so I must now assume that he was living with his wife Bethiah at her parents' house. Bethiah had a sister that lived at Flynn's Lick so it is very possible that her parents also lived nearby.

The costs of this retrial amounted to $53:19 in addition to the $12 awarded to William Castle, so it turned out to be a rather expensive cart that John acquired. I know very little about John and Margaret's family except for what Jennie Gardner has researched. She wrote to say: "John McCarver is the least of my ancestors at the great-great level, but I can tell you his death date: 1855. He and Margaret had a large family, the eldest being Pinckney McCarver (1808-1881) who married Leonora Nettles (1812-). Incidentally, Leonora's brother, Henry Palmer Nettles, married a Sally Darwin." The only other gleaning that I have from Jennie Gardner's book is that "John McCarver (1786-c.1855) was one of the many migrants from North Carolina to the Nashville settlement who halted the journey when they saw the rolling hills and rich valleys of Jackson County, Tennessee. In about 1810 he bought land and commenced farming. By modern scale it was of modest size, diversified but noted for a tobacco crop."

There is no record of Margaret (Darwin) McCarver's death in Jackson Co., TN, so she most probably died about 1835 when the family was living in Bois Brule Twp, Perry Co., MO, from some time after their arrival there around 1834.

John McCarver's marriage 19 Oct. 1837 to Mrs. Mary Smith in Randolph Co., IL, probably took place in Chester, which is the nearest big city to where they were living in Bois Brule Twp and located just opposite across the River Mississippi.
DARWIN, 3.17 Margaret (I3571)

Commentary: DWD 3.18

I was working in Ottobrunn, West Germany, when I first drafted the chart of James W. Darwin in 1986. I'd always wanted to chart all the branches of the Virginia Darwins but had had insufficient information to do this while in Seal Beach. I had maintained correspondence with both Frances Corcoran, who I mentioned previously had sorted out the origins of James W. Darwin and the identity of his two wives in Louisiana, as well as Ann Darwin, who had managed to dig up a lot of Texas marriage records along with the biographical profile on Overton Darwin which gave a brief on the life of James Darwin. However, the chart had a big blank in the middle which could only be built up from the Louisiana and Texas census and marriage records because I only received one personal input to this chart from Roy W. Darwin of Texas City. Roy was keen to know about his Darwin heritage because he could only trace his family back to his grandfather, Banks Darwin, and he was equally keen to know if he was related to Danny Darwin, the pitcher of the Texas Rangers who was a star during the nineteen eighties. Fortunately, I think I gave Roy a satisfactory answer on both counts because Danny Darwin can actually be identified in Bill and Bonnie's family group. Now I realise that there could be inaccuracies on this chart when being so dependent on census records alone to link up the jigsaw puzzle but I did have a fairly clear idea which Texas Darwins belonged to each of the different family groups and I must admit that the appearance of the chart has been much improved after I contacted Elaine Barker and received her information.

There is a noted reference in York Co., SC, for James W. Darwin concerning a court case when John Seehorn brought a suit against James on 19 Jan. 1808 for assault and battery and wounding with a knife. The case came to trial 24 Oct. 1809 and was found in favour of the plaintiff, John Seehorn, who received damages of $100 plus the cost of suit, an additional $100.62. It would appear that James got off quite lightly since the plaintiff had been seeking $5000 in damages and must have been equally to blame for the provocation but just happened to be the injured party.

I have deduced that James married his first wife, Nancy Shores, in S. Carolina because the family was still living there in 1812 when their eldest daughter Narcissa was born. Shortly thereafter, James and Nancy decided to migrate to Tennessee, where he received a state grant dated 2 Aug. 1813 for 40 acres in Hickman County, lying on the east side of the Pine River in the first district on a double branch of the same river.

James was living in the vicinity of his sister Jane, who was married to Thomas Petty, but was obviously dissatisfied with his new home and decided to move south to St. Landry Parish, Louisiana where his first son, John Darwin, was born in 1814. The records give no indication what attracted James away from Tennessee to this area in the vicinity of Bayou Teche. Louisiana had only reached statehood in 1812 and possibly generous land grants were still being offered to encourage more American farmers from the Carolinas and Tennessee to migrate there and consolidate the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, which had transferred political ownership of these vast territories to the United States. The bayou country around Opelousas, alternately flat and rolling and in all places verdant, has rich soil and pastureland which encouraged a diverse choice of crops such as corn, rice, and sweet potatoes, along with raising cattle. The later census records list James Darwin's sons as "Planters", so they like their father must have been involved in all aspects of farming associated with the region.

The 1820 Louisiana census for the household of James Darwin may possibly show a head count for two families. There are two additional male adults in the age category 26-44 with James. They could be hired farm hands or possibly relatives of Nancy Darwin that traveled south with James from Tennessee. Towards the end of the 1820-30 decade, Nancy died and by 1830, the Louisiana census shows James, with his second wife Mary together with 3 sons and 4 daughters.

All the names of the children are identified from later census records except one daughter. I've tentatively named her as Charlotte, which is taken from the 1850 Louisiana census where the James' youngest son George Darwin, aged 16, is shown sharing the home of Solomon and Charlotte Johnson, next door to the family of his older brother Reuben Darwin. I only suspect that Charlotte, shown aged 24, is a sister and this obviously requires more investigation.

In the history of McLennan, Falls, Bell and Coryell Counties, Texas, a short profile on James' son, Overton Darwin, furnishes details of the death of James W. Darwin:

Mr. & Mrs. Darwin were married in Louisiana in 1828 [should be 1830], and three years later moved to Texas, settling in what is now Grimes county. In 1834, while in attendance at New St. Phillip, Austin County, at the celebration of the arrival of the first steamer that far up the Brazos, the father was accidentally killed by the premature firing of a cannon. He was in the act of loading the piece, when the party, whose duty it was to hold his thumb over the touch-hole, became careless, and an explosion occurred, which resulted fatally to Mr. Darwin.

The Overton Darwin profile also notes that Mary (Raper) Darwin died in 1844.
DARWIN, 3.18 James W. Sr. (I1603)

Commentary: DWD 3.19

Jerusha Jane Darwin was the third member of James Darwin's family to marry into the Petty family. Her husband, Solomon Petty, wasn't a son of James Petty, Sr., but was probably the illegitimate son of James Petty's daughter Catherine.

It is believed that Jerusha and Solomon Petty along with their daughters Cynthia and Mahala left S. Carolina for Tennessee about 1814 in the company of the family of Gabriel and Sarah (Darwin) Petty and arrived in Hickman County in the autumn of 1814. They probably lived on the land of Thomas Petty for the first few years of their settlement and both families are still shown in Hickman County on the 1820 census.

On 2 July 1824, Solomon Petty received a state grant for 70 acres of land in Dickson County, TN, on Turkey Creek of the Pine River and this tract of land was adjacent to the south boundary line of Gabriel Petty's property (DB D p.450 / registered 13 Mar. 1829).
DARWIN, 3.19 Jerusha Jane (I3572)

Commentary: DWD 3.20

Mary Darwin married Jeremiah Smith about 1815 in York County, SC, and they are listed on the 1820 SC census living in the household of James Darwin Sr., where Mary was aged 17-26 and I would place her birth about 1796 as her eldest son, Jeremiah Smith Jr., was born 1814.

The census records indicate that the family was in Benton Co., TN, by 1840 where Mary's age is given as 40-50 and by 1850, they had moved to Cherokee Co., AL, where Mary is now shown age 62. In 1860, she and Jeremiah were living with the family of their son, John B. Smith, in Marshall Co., AL.
DARWIN, 3.20 Mary (I3573)

Commentary: DWD 3.22

After the death of Jesse Darwin around 1805, all subsequent records of the Darwin family in Louisa County consistently use the spelling Durvin for the family name in legal documents and this is particularly relevant to Jesse Darwin's eldest son, William D. Durvin, whose children in turn would maintain the Durvin spelling in Virginia. During the latter stages of the War of 1812, William served in the 7th Regt. Virginia Militia from 26 Aug. 1814 until 24 Feb. 1815 by which time he had attained the rank of corporal. After peace returned to the coast of Virginia, William continued farming the 85 acres that he had inherited from his father Jesse and on 26 Aug. 1825, he put up 62 acres of these 85 acres to secure a bond.

It is not easy to follow William Durvin's land deals because he must have been able to settle this judgement as the Jesse Durvin tract was not sold until 13 Aug. 1838, when it was acquired by James Hardyman (DB W p.268). At some point in time before 1836, William had bought from Jonathan Dickinson a further 174 acres of land adjoining the land of John S. Smith in Louisa County and had set up his home on this newly purchased tract of land as can be deduced from another Deed of Trust that William entered dated 5 Jan 1836. On the same day that William Durvin entered into the above deed of trust, he and his wife Elizabeth also sold 73 acres of land in Louisa County to Nathaniel McAlister.

William Durvin was involved in much other buying and selling of land between 1836 and 1850, and I have one instance where he bought 50 acres of land called "Harper's" situated in Louisa & Hanover Counties from his eldest son, James F. Durvin.

In 1862, this land was sold on together with the last of William's holdings amounting to 2561/16 acres for $2500 (DB FF p.426) to his son William A. J. Durvin. It is deduced that William D. Durvin died in 1862 from the date of this deed and since 1861 was the last year that William was listed on the Louisa County VA personal property tax list. No will or estate settlement was recorded.
DURVIN, 3.22 William D. (I3575)

Commentary: DWD 3.28

Nancy was the eldest child in the family of John and Jane (Bland) Darwin and married Jeptha Harrington on 17 January 1800, which was 18 days short of her sixteenth birthday. Some records show her marriage date as the day before which is most likely when the marriage bond was taken out but the Darwin/Bland bible record shows the date Jan 17th 1800 which is what I've indicated.

Her husband Jeptha, along with his younger sisters Delilah & Charity, moved with his parents Drury and Rachel Harrington from Chatham Co., NC, to Union Co., SC, in 1779 when Jeptha was four years old during the upheaval of the War of Independence of which the children would have been hardly aware. Drury volunteered for service as a soldier throughout the war from 1776 in N. Carolina, as well as re-enlisting again in S. Carolina after his move (Pension Record is filed under S.6979 at the National Archives).

Jeptha and Nancy migrated to Chambers Co., AL, where they finally settled with their family. After Nancy's death, Jeptha married again late in life to a widow named Mrs. Harriet E. Bozeman (who was the mother of Dr. Nathan Bozeman a celebrated physician in New York) and would live to the age of ninety. He was buried on his plantation in Chambers Co., AL.
DARWIN, 3.28 Nancy (I2688)

Commentary: DWD 3.29

I have no information on Mary's husband, John Kendrick, apart from the marriage date shown in the Darwin/Bland bible record. Some records spell the name Kendrick as Kindrick, which might indicate the way it was pronounced locally or is possibly the foible of a clerk writing a tight letter 'e' on a document that was then copied. The families of their sons, John and Turner Kendrick are listed in Union County on the 1850 SC census.
DARWIN, 3.29 Mary (I2690)

Commentary: DWD 3.30

When I first drafted the chart for William Darwin and Elizabeth Powell, I did not have the bible record for William Darwin's children, which shows that the first child was Thomas Franklin Darwin born: 6 Feb. 1809. My main source of information for my chart was the 'Darwin Record', which was compiled by Emma Lu Darwin (1879-1952) that showed the eldest child as John P. Darwin, born 10 Sep. 1810.

Emma Lu does not actually make note of the marriage date of William and Elizabeth but I was given a date 17 Jan. 1809 which seemed reasonable at the time but which I now question as to its validity. I believe that the date 17 Jan. 1809 is either a misreading or modification of the date 17 Jan. 1819, taken from the bible record possessed by Mrs. Mary Darwin Hope of 623 Grant St, Atlanta, GA, which gives this date as the marriage of not only William to Elizabeth, but also for John Powell to Rachel Darwin, as well as William Berry to Matilda Darwin.

Rather than being a coincidence in the date of these three marriages, I actually find none of them acceptable and question the source of these records. Comparing the above with the Darwin/Bland bible record, that shows the marriage of William Berry and Matilda Darwin at a date ten days earlier on January 7th 1819 (which could possibly be misread as January 17th 1819 where the upstroke of the letter y in January may look vaguely like a 1) and the entries for the marriages of both William Darwin and John Powell show the dates left blank (pending entries) from which it looks to me as if the Mary Darwin Hope bible has made a rather poor extrapolation of the Darwin/Bland bible record because John Powell's first child was also born in 1809 and I note that Tim Grana has located John Powell's wedding date as 4 Feb. 1808 from the Hart Genealogy Collection in York, S. Carolina.

If there is any coincidence of wedding dates, then the two Darwin/Powell marriages would make sense in 1808 and not 1819 in order to match the birth records of their first born. Other published references which I believe also emanate from the Mary Darwin Hope bible quote the 1819 marriage date for William and Elizabeth which would mean that they raised a family for ten years out of wedlock and then produced three sons who chose the Christian ministry? Hardly a likely scenario and hence my conclusion that someone felt obliged to modify the date 17 Jan. 1819 to 17 Jan 1809, both arising from an initial incorrect rationale and for this reason I have shown the marriage date to be ca 1808 (which could possibly be 4 Feb. 1808, same as the John Powell date?).

I have placed the move of William and Elizabeth Darwin with their son Thomas (who I have referenced as born 6 Feb. 1809 in N. Carolina) to Franklin Co., TN, at around 1810 though the family fails to be listed on the 1810 Tennessee census, as later census records show that the next child, John Powell Darwin, was born 10 Sept. 1810 in Tennessee. The Darwin homestead in Franklin County was established southwest of Decherd and evidence of the family is still recorded at the Darwin Cemetery close by, located on the north side of the railroad track that heads towards Winchester. William's headstone reads:
Capt. Wm. Darwin Born Nov. 8th 1786 & Died May 24th 1862 Age 75Y 5M & 14D

While his army service is unknown, his age would suggest that he was a Captain in the War of 1812. I was surprised that the listing I was given for the Darwin Cemetery did not include William's wife Elizabeth but correspondence with Gayle Blankenship reveals that another survey of the cemetery did locate her grave: Eliz. Born Oct. 14th 1791 & Died Aug. 25th 1871.

On the death of William in May 1862, the Civil War had been raging for just over a year and the fighting would get much closer to the Darwin homestead with the decline in the fortune of the Confederate States. On 16 August 1863, General Rosecrans moved his Union Army south from Murfreesboro in several columns across Franklin County towards the River Tennessee, which was reached four days later near Stevenson, Alabama. A battle was fought within sight of the family home and according to William's granddaughter, Geo Ann Doney, the family-silver and money was buried in a bucket before the Union Army arrived.

In 1865 in the settlement of William's estate, his youngest son, Peyton Bland Darwin, born 5 Aug. 1834, bought the old home and maintained the farming practice.
DARWIN, 3.30 William (I2692)

Commentary: DWD 3.31

I have no further information on Rebecca's husband John Moore, who had a younger sister Margaret (b. 1785) but I suspect a late marriage as Rebecca was still living with her parents in 1810. The graves of both Rebecca and her infant daughter Jane are located in the Darwin Burying Ground in York Co., SC, on the east bank of the Broad River, where it is noted that the family name has been spelt More on the grave stones.
DARWIN, 3.31 Rebecca (I2695)

Commentary: DWD 3.32

The Hart Genealogical Collection at York, SC, gives Rachel and John Powell's marriage date as 4 Feb. 1808, which I believe is correct as compared to the Mary Darwin Hope Bible record that shows their marriage as 17 Jan. 1819. This is clearly in error as discussed previously in the wedding date of William Darwin (3.30) & Elizabeth Powell.
DARWIN, 3.32 Rachel (I2697)

Commentary: DWD 3.33

John Bland Darwin was born 12 December 1791 in York Co., S. Carolina, where he would reside for the rest of his life and he is now buried at Hopewell Baptist Church, which is located in Cherokee Co. near the York Co. line, and the inscription on his grave reads: "To the Memory of JOHN B. DARWIN who died 5th of February 1854 aged 62 years, 11 months & 23 days". His wife is buried adjacent to him from where it is noted that Gilly Darwin was born Feb 15th 1801 and departed this life Aug 16th 1870. She was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church South. John served in the Second Regt SC Militia (1 October 1814 to 6 March 1815) and by the time of his marriage to Gilly Sandlin on 15 Nov. 1819, he had bought over 1300 acres of land in York County. John more than doubled his land holding in the years that followed and apart from farming he also became involved with mining interests as some of his land included both iron ore and gold deposits. The 1840 census shows that he had up to two dozen slaves to do the plantation work and after his death in 1854, his wife Gilly successfully kept up the farm since the census records show that the real estate value of the property increased considerably between 1850 and 1860. On a separate part of the 1850 census, the farm itself was shown to be worth $4500.
DARWIN, 3.33 John Bland (I2699)

Commentary: DWD 3.34

Once again the Mary Darwin Hope bible record causes some confusion and in this case on the marriage date of Jane Darwin to John Smarr by giving the date 27 Jan. 1825. I really wonder if some of the dates in this bible record were well intentioned but written down from memory incorrectly. I also have reference to the alternative marriage date 9 Nov. 1815 as shown above which would mean that Jane Darwin chose a man twice her age when she married John Smarr, who was a 47-year-old widower. John already had eight children from his first marriage to Elizabeth Reid, who had died in April of the previous year. Their home was in S. Carolina on the Smarr Plantation called "Redhill", located in that part of Union County that would be incorporated into Cherokee County.

Jane would live to the age of 62 when she finally succumbed to typhoid pneumonia while being cared for at the residence of her brother-in-law, William Berry, who was then married to her daughter Louisa.
DARWIN, 3.34 Jane (I2701)

Commentary: DWD 3.36

I've shown Matilda Darwin's marriage date: 7 Jan. 1819 as recorded in the Darwin/Bland bible record, which I regard to be more reliable than the Mary Darwin Hope bible record that shows 17 Jan 1819. Tim Grana has located the children of the family from the 1840 and 1850 SC census records.
DARWIN, 3.36 Matilda (I2704)

Commentary: DWD 3.38

Originally, I did not show the children of Pamela (Darwin) Summerford on my family chart but next to them I showed Elizabeth M. Darwin (1822-37) and Sarah Ann Darwin (1929-30), whose data was obtained from the tombstone inscriptions at the Darwin Burial Ground in York County, as the children of Peyton Bland Darwin since I was unable to see them fitting into any other family in S. Carolina.

However, I was in error because the 1830 census for S. Carolina indicated that Peyton Bland Darwin had only one child, John Asbury Darwin, at home in 1830 and was therefore unlikely to be the father of Elizabeth. The identity of the parents of Elizabeth and Sarah Ann became revealed when it was noted that the Darwin/Bland bible record showed that they also had two brothers, John and James:

1. Elizabeth M. Darwin born Aug 27th 1822
2. Sarah Ann Darwin born Jan 20th 1829
3. John Darwin Jun. born Feb 18th 1831
4. James Darwin born April 13th 1833

I have always regarded the Darwin/Bland bible record as a fundamental document in the research of the early Darwin history and have considered its data reliable especially as spaces have been left where the dates were uncertain and presumably were intended to be added at a later date. It can be seen clearly that the above four children cannot be dovetailed into Peyton Bland Darwin's family as there were two contemporary children, both named John Darwin, living in 1831 and I did not see the obvious answer to the parentage until Tim Grana pointed out to me that the list shown above had a remarkable similarity to the list that I had drawn up for the Summerford children, which was constructed from the records shown in Gayle Blankenship's book along with the 1837 Will of John Darwin Senior, that links together Pamela Summerford's daughter, Elizabeth Mourning, with her two brothers, John and James. Acceptance of the Darwin/Bland bible record would imply that all four children were born to Pamela before her marriage to Isaac Summerford as they are all recorded with the Darwin family name and that immediately raises the question as to whether Isaac Summerford was the father of these children.

The Mary Darwin Hope bible record gives a marriage date for Isaac Summerford and Pamela Darwin as January 22, 1822, which would appear to solve all the problems but cannot be correct since the tombstones for Elizabeth and Sarah Ann show that they were buried with the family name of Darwin and not Summerford and would appear to validate the above listing in the Darwin/Bland bible record.

I believe that Gayle Blankenship's records came via the family of the son James and gives a marriage date of 2 May 1825; John Summerford's birth date as ca 1831; and James Thomas Summerford's birth date as 1 May 1833 (which can be seen to disagree by some two weeks from the 13 April 1833 date given in the bible record). Again I would question this marriage date for the same reasons given above and would place Pamela's marriage between April 1833 and 1837, when her father John Darwin made his Will and references her as Pamela Summerford. The marriage dates offered may have been given for the sake of respectability but lacking further information, I am going to accept the implication that Isaac Summerford was the father of all the children.
DARWIN, 3.38 Pamela (I2708)

Commentary: DWD 3.39

On 27 Jan. 1825, Peyton Bland Darwin married Mary Wilkinson, who it is noted from the South Carolina census for 1850 was born in Virginia and the census also shows that her husband Peyton was involved in farming with an estate valued at $4,500. Part of the 1850 census has a separate schedule of agricultural productivity which gives details of the farming undertaken and explains how the $4,500 value was assessed in the case of Peyton?s estate.

As explained in the previous section on Pamela Darwin I was in error in showing four children from Peyton's first marriage, when in actual fact Mary W. Darwin's only children were twin boys who were born 10 Apr. 1827. The birth delivery must have been difficult for Mary, the healthy son she named John Asbury Darwin and the weaker son, who I suspect was called James from the confusing entry of James Asbury Darwin in the Mary Darwin Hope bible, only survived until 27 Oct.1827 and was buried in the Darwin Burial Ground in York County, which is located on the east bank of the Broad River on a high bluff close to the Irene Bridge, where his tombstone simply reads: INFANT SON of P.B. & MARY W. DARWIN Died 27 October 1827.

Tragically, Mary W. Darwin, who died at the age of 52 on the 13 May 1855, would outlive her remaining son, John, who died just over the age of 18 on 11 May 1845 and there is no indication of the cause of death on his tombstone, which is situated close by to the graves of his mother and twin brother.

Peyton Bland Darwin had to rebuild his life and within a year he married Jerusha James, who gave him a daughter in 1856, whom they named Mary and four more siblings were to follow her. The S. Carolina census for 1860 shows Peyton's occupation as a Grocer, though with his real estate now valued at $7,000, he was likely a merchant farmer with others farming his land for him.
DARWIN, 3.39 Peyton Bland (I2643)

Commentary: DWD 4.03

Waddy Tate, who was a miller, served in the War of 1812 and his children are referenced in DB DD p.561 & 683, in addition to the 1850 & 1860 census records for Louisa Co., VA. Unusual for this period is that Waddy obtained a divorce from Elizabeth Strong in 1847 (div. OB 1847, Aug 30).
TATE, 4.003 Waddy (I3632)

Commentary: DWD 4.05

Children's names taken from 1850 Louisa Co. census and their marriage records.
TATE, 4.005 Nathaniel Wyatt (I3634)

Commentary: DWD 4.06

One child, Margaret, found living with aunt, Susannah (Tate) Corker on 1880 census.
TATE, 4.006 Agness (I3635)

Commentary: DWD 4.07

The eldest child, Mary Frances Tate, has to be the daughter from Austin Tate's first marriage.
TATE, 4.007 Jane O. (I3636)

Commentary: DWD 4.08

Children's names taken from 1850 Louisa Co. census.
TATE, 4.008 Frances (I3637)

Commentary: DWD 4.09

Children's names taken from 1850 census for Louisa Co.
TATE, 4.009 Reuben N. (I3638)

Commentary: DWD 4.100

Louisa Darwin was aged four when she travelled with her father, James, and his wife, Mary (Raper) Darwin to Texas in 1831. She was fifteen years old and it was still the Republic of Texas when she married Charles Ray, who was ten years her senior, in Montgomery Co., TX, on 28 Dec. 1842. The 1850 TX census shows them living in Grimes Co, TX, at the Darwin family home. By 1860, it would seem that the two children were orphans living in the household of Andrew Andrews in Grimes Co., TX.
DARWIN, 4.100 Louisa (I3785)

Commentary: DWD 4.101

There is a short profile on Overton Darwin in the History of McLennan, Falls, Bell and Coryell Counties, that gives us a little more of an insight into the life of Overton Darwin than we have of the other children of James W. Darwin. Having recounted the death of his father, James, in 1834 due to a fatal accident at New St. Phillips, Austin County, the profile notes the death of Overton's mother, Mary (Raper) Darwin, ten years later, where reference is made to Overton's stepfather, which would indicate that Mary had remarried after the death of her husband, James:
The year 1844 marked the death of the mother, and our subject found himself, at the tender age of fourteen years, without a parents loving care. After remaining a short time with his stepfather he spent two years with Frank Lubbock, afterwards Governor of the State, and then lived with a half brother John Darwin. October 1, 1850, in Galveston County Texas, he married Lucy, a daughter of John Anderson, and they have had three children: Rufus G., engaged in clerking for S & L Lyon, of Waco; Lurany, wife of P.G. Smith, also of Waco; and Marius, who died Sept. 20, 1891. After his marriage Mr. Darwin took his wife to the old home in Grimes County, where he engaged in farming until the fall of 1867. In that year he moved to a farm ten miles from Belton, Bell County, but six years later he came to Waco, where he engaged in the butcher business, later owned a livery stable, and in 1875 again engaged in farming. In 1883 he bought 300 acres of his present farm, to which he afterwards added 600 acres more. In 1889 he came into possession of 700 acres of his fine ranch, and to this he afterwards added 400 acres more, and he now owns a good farm of 1,100 acres, ten miles from the city, and also owns a comfortable residence in Waco, where he resides. Politically, he affiliates with the Democratic Party, and is liberal in his ideas pertaining to religion.

There are some minor errors in this profile; Overton's wife, who was ten years his senior, was Lucy Absher and not Anderson and I've found no evidence that she had been previously married. Their marriage record and the gravestone in 1912 of her son, Rufus, refer to her name as Absher. The events sequenced in the profile are confirmed by the census records that find Overton living with John Darwin's family in Galveston County (Clear Creek) in 1850, in Grimes County (P.O. Courtney) with his own family in 1860, in Bell County (P.O. Belton) by 1870 and in McLennan County (Waco) from 1880 to 1900. In 1900, Overton was fostering his four granddaughters of Lurany Darwin Smith with the help of two servants.
DARWIN, 4.101 Overton H. (I1618)

Commentary: DWD 4.102

George W. Darwin has been a little problematic in my research from the time of his birth in 1833 to the time of his death in 1881, and whose epitaph is simply recorded in the Oakwood Cemetery, Waco, as follows: G.W. (George) Darwin, Grimes Co., TX 1833-1881 (Malaria). I am reasonably certain that George was born at the family home in Grimes County in 1833 after his parents migrated to Texas and he would only have attained the age of one at the death of his father.

He was eleven years old when his mother died in 1844, at which time he was certainly living in Texas according to the profile written about his brother, Overton Darwin. Subsequently, I presume that a decision was made that it would be better to send young George back to the family in Louisiana, where by 1850, he is shown, now aged 16, living in the household of Solomon and Charlotte Johnson and next door to the family of Reuben Darwin. It's possible that the Johnson couple were just neighbours but under the circumstances just described, I believe it very likely that Charlotte was his sister (as noted in Section 3.18). However, the 1850 LA census indicates that George Darwin was born in Louisiana and that I think is incorrect. It is possible that his mother, Mary (Raper) Darwin, returned to Louisiana for her confinement and birth of George but I think this is an unlikely case. George must have returned to Texas, possibly around 1854, where he married Eliza Hayes in Galveston County in October of 1854.

On the 1860 census for Brazos Co., TX, George along with his wife, Eliza, both give their birthplace as Louisiana, while their first child Ruphus (Rufus) is listed age 3 and born in Texas. I don't have the 1870 census for the family but by 1880, George was living in Falls Co., TX, without his wife Eliza and with four children:

Darwin, G.W. 45 Tex
Rufus s 19 Tex
Mary F d 16 Tex
Georgie d 9 Tex
Lurany d 6 Tex

For the first time George gives his birthplace as Texas! Is this a case of When in Rome, Do as the Romans Do? His eldest son, Rufus, aged 19, should be aged 23, if he is the same Rufus shown on the 1860 census unless that child died and the next child was also named Rufus? Rufus then loses two more years on the 1900 census where he is shown aged 37 (Dec 1862) in Wilbarger Co., TX.

George's youngest child, Lurany, who is 6 years old in 1880 may indicate that her mother, Eliza, died giving birth to Lurany or possibly the next child that followed? The family underwent a further tragedy in the year 1881, where the records indicate that George W. Darwin married Mrs. S.E. Dutton in October only to die of malaria before the year was out. In the profile of Overton Darwin, it was also noted that the two youngest daughters of his brother George were taken care of by Overton and his wife Lucy, though sadly Lucy (Absher) Darwin would only live to May 1882.
DARWIN, 4.102 George W. (I1620)

Commentary: DWD 4.103

The date of the marriage shown above is actually taken from the marriage bond, which was taken out on the date 3 Feb. 1829, issued by K. Myatt JP, where I've presumed the marriage took place on the same day as no other date is given. The TN census records show that James Redden was a farmer in Hickman Co., TN, but the family probably lived on the county line as I have a reference that all the children were born in Dickson Co., TN.
PETTY, 4.103 Cynthia C. (I3788)

Commentary: DWD 4.104

I have already narrated the history of Mahala and James Darwin Petty in Section 4.66. After James died in 1883, Mahala married, 6 March 1884, Thomas C.H. Joslin who was 7 or 8 years her junior and a widower with grown up children of his own. Thomas would outlive Mahala and is shown on the 1900 TN census living in Nashville with his son, Frank, who was married to Sophronia Berkley.
PETTY, 4.104 Mahala A. (I3745)

Commentary: DWD 4.105

The 1860 TN census for Dickson County (P.O. Danielsville) shows that Marvel Mosley Petty was a farmer with a family of six children. His last child, Louisa, born August 1862, like all her siblings was also born in Dickinson County. I note that some listings of the children show an additional son, William, born 1866, because the 1880 census shows son William aged 14. I believe that this has to be William Litton Petty at the age of 24 (as he is shown aged 14 and not 4 on the 1870 census).

When the Civil War came to Middle Tennessee, Marvel M. Petty, at the age of 45, served in Co. G, 10th Regt. Tennessee Cavalry Volunteers CSA from 5 Dec. 1864 to 10 Feb. 1865 (Total time served 2 months 5 days). He was wounded at the Battle of Brentwood, Williamson Co., TN, when shot in the head and hip. His injuries were compounded as he was also run over by a Federal Soldier, whose horse stepped on his chest and privates, and in this wounded condition he was taken prisoner.

Marvel thankfully survived his wartime experiences to return to his family and the 1870 census shows him in Hickman County (P.O. Centerville), TN, with Nancy and the six youngest children. Sometime after 1870, they decided to move further west to the adjoining Maury County, where their son Dillard had settled during the Civil War. The 1880 TN census for Maury County shows Marvel and Nancy together with children William, Solomon and Louisa. In 1891, M.M. Petty was on the voters list in Obion Co., TN. I do not have Marvel's actual death date but by 1900, his wife Nancy was living in Obion County in the household of her daughter, Louisa who was married to Charlie Miller.
PETTY, 4.105 Marvel Mosley (I3790)

Commentary: DWD 4.106

I have two different dates for the marriage of Elizabeth Petty to Crawford Lovell, which are one week apart, so it is likely that the marriage bond was dated 30 Jan. 1843 and that they were actually married 6 Feb. 1843 by John A. Petty JP, who happened to be Elizabeth Petty's cousin.

Likewise, the ages of Elizabeth and Crawford's children fluctuate across the census records, so I have taken as my benchmark the 1850 TN census for Hickman County (p. 65b family # 927):
Crawford Lovell 31 TN Labourer
Elizabeth 31 TN
John 12 TN
William 9 TN
Jerusha 6 TN
Allen 4 TN
and (twins) Cynthia 2 TN, Jane 2 TN

In 1860, the family is listed in Dickson County, TN (P.O. Danielsville p. 228b family # 392):
Crawford Lovell 42 TN
Elizabeth 41 TN
Catherine 15 TN
Allen C. 13 TN
Cinthia C. 12 TN

I believe that the daughter, Catherine, is actually Jerusha Catherine Lovell as she is listed at a later date as Jerusha C. Lovell.
PETTY, 4.106 Elizabeth (I3791)

Commentary: DWD 4.107

Milford M. Petty married 1843 to Nancy Jones in Hickman County, where he raised all his family and was a farmer by occupation as shown on the 1850 / 60 / 70 Tennessee census records. He moved to Dunklin Co., MO, in 1882, and he and Nancy would spend the remainder of their lives there.
PETTY, 4.107 Milford M. (I3792)

Commentary: DWD 4.109

Millington M. "Dick" Petty lived his whole life in Dickson Co., TN, where the census records from 1850 to 1900 list him as a farmer.

He served as a Private in Co. G, 10th Tennessee Cavalry CSA, and fought under General Nathan Bedford Forrest during the early part of the Civil War.

After his wife, Cynthia, had died in April 1875, Dick remarried in 1876 to Alice Jackson, and on 25 Nov. 1880 he bought a tract of land in the Sulfur Fork-Jones Creek area from Zacheus D. Hutton.

In 1902, Dick deeded this land to his two sons, Major and Fountain. This land remained in the family for sometime. Fountain sold his half-share to Major, who built a new house on the property. Later he sold this property and moved to Dickson. In 1945 this same farm came back into the family, when a grandson, Hubert Carlton Petty bought it. Millington M. "Dick" Petty died 14 Feb. 1907, of pneumonia in Charlotte, Dickson Co., TN.
PETTY, 4.109 Millington M. (I3794)

Commentary: DWD 4.110

Lewis Ledbetter Petty was born 2 March 1827 in Dickson Co., TN, where he married on 26 Nov. 1846 Mannas/ Marenas Dunnagan. Shortly thereafter, they migrated to Union County, Illinois, where they are shown on the 1850 census with their first two daughters, who were both born in Illinois. The name of his wife looks like Merillas on the 1850 census, which would seem to be another variation of the clerk's best effort at writing her name. The occupation of Lewis is shown to be a blacksmith and he was once said to have been a Pony Express Rider, though it's assumed that this was before his married days.

The 1860 MO census indicates that their third child, Sarah Adaline Petty, was born 15 Jan. 1855 in Arkansas and this is given in printed records though I would note that the 1870 AR census places Sarah's birth place in Illinois, where the family home was established in Union County and where I understand that Lewis Petty's wife, Marenas, died in 1856, leaving Lewis with three small girls to look after.

It is not clear how he met Bathsheba Franks Smith, who became his second wife around 1857 but I've seen reference that the marriage took place in Missouri, which was where Bathsheba was born. The 1860 census shows the family living in Licking, Texas Co., MO, with two additional members in the family: Artimesia who is shown age two and three month old baby William, while Lewis was still listed in his trade as a blacksmith.

It is possible that it was the threatening clouds of Civil War that made Lewis decide to move south to Arkansas around the end of 1860 because in his Application for a Pension, dated 29 June 1891, in Sevier Co., AR, he states, "That he enlisted as a soldier in the State of Arkansas during the war between the States in Company B of the First Regiment of Arkansas Cavalry Volunteers commanded by General Cabell." Also in this application, he states, "That he had been wounded in the knee by a piece of shell and in the hip by a rifle."

After his death, the published obituary in the Newspaper De Queen Bee dated 21 Mar. 1902, states that L.L. Petty was a member of Company A, Third Missouri Cavalry, which I question because it is in direct contradiction with Lewis Petty's own statement that his enlistment was in the State of Arkansas, unless of course he was attached to this Missouri Unit at a later date during the war.

The Civil War didn't really come to Arkansas until the Battle of Pea Ridge, 7/ 8 March 1862, and it took place in the northwest corner of the State in Bentonville Co., AR. The Confederate troops under General Earl Van Dorn initially checked the Union forces but superior Union artillery finally began to crumple the Confederate lines and Van Dorn, who was also low on ammunition, had to withdraw leaving the Union forces the victor.

Within weeks of the battle, Van Dorn's army was transferred across the River Mississippi to the Army of Tennessee leaving Arkansas virtually defenceless in the northern region of the Ozarks. General Curtiss, who was in charge of the Union forces, could not take immediate advantage of the situation because he had supply problems and it was impossible for a large army to live off the land in this rather sparse region of Arkansas, so a skirmishing war was to continue north of the River Arkansas until Little Rock finally fell to the Union troops on 10 Sep. 1863.

During this period, Lewis Petty was serving under Brigadier General W.L. Cabell at the Battle of Devil?s Backbone/ Backbone Mountain on the 1 Sep. 1863 at the state's western border in Sebastian Co., AR, where the issue of the battle was really over who controlled the Indian Territories and once again superior Union artillery forced the Confederates to retire in some disorder to Waldron.

With regard to Lewis L. Petty, the official records would indicate that he actually enlisted as a private in Captain Love's Company C of Hill's Regiment Arkansas Cavalry (also known as 7th Regt. Arkansas Cavalry) on 9 Feb. 1863 in Searcy Co., AR, and that he deserted 15 Sep. 1863. The Website for the history of the 7th Regt. Arkansas Cavalry states that the term "Deserted" requires to be put into the context of the situation: These soldiers may have been separated from their Units in the heat of battle, joined up with other Units and continued to fight this war. They may have had families back home who were starving and no one to plant the crops or gardens... They may have gone home to visit awhile with loved ones and then return, only to find that there were so many miles between them and their original Unit that rejoining them was an impossibility so they joined with others to continue the war. The statistics would show that about three quarters of Company C deserted, most around the date of 15 Sep. 1863, and the indications are that they were fighting north of the River Arkansas when Little Rock fell to the Union forces on 10 Sep. 1863 so that they were not only cut off but had also lost their main supply base for food and ammunition. There is a footnote in the Regimental diary referring to C Company that states: This company have been in no fite since the Pine Bluff fite. Theas men hom I reported diserted is in North of Arkansas River with Capt. Love fiten the federls ever chance they got.

As Capt. Love is referenced in the fighting around Pine Bluff, I'm reasonably certain that this action was before the major Battle of Pine Bluff in October 1863 because Captain James H. Love, of Company C, had reported sick and was absent from 26 Aug. 1863, so it can be seen that Lewis Petty had been in the thick of the fighting and whatever hunger he might have been experiencing, it was probably nothing compared to his wife and five young children at home in Sevier Co., AR, with nobody to harvest the crops and Bathsheba about to give birth to another child at the end of September. In fact their sixth child, Nancy Lavina Petty, was born 29 Sep. 1863, at their home in Sevier Co., AR, and eventually when peace returned to Arkansas, more brothers and sisters would follow. They are shown on the 1870, 1880 & 1900 census records for Sevier Co., AR, where Lewis is listed as a farmer over this thirty-year period. The 1870 census shows that he had an additional occupation as a Miner, and Mine Operator and it is noted that he had a special interest in Mineralogy.

Obituary (DeQueen Bee Newspaper Obituaries - Pg 4, March 21, 1902 - Sevier County, Arkansas):

The John H. Morgan camp, # 448, U.C.V. (United Confederate Veterans) met on March 12, 1902 with a large number in attendance...The camp regrets to learn of the death of Comrade L.L. Petty, one of the oldest and most highly honored members of the camp, who, after a lingering illness, died on March 10 at his home at Petty. Comrade Petty was a member of Company A, Third Missouri Cavalry, and served through the late war with our fellow comrade and townsman, E.C. Johnson". After a long illness, L.L. Petty, one of the oldest citizens of Sevier
County, passed away at his home near the village which bears his name on the tenth day of March. Mr. Petty was a veteran of the civil war and was esteemed for his many sterling qualities. He took a great interest in the locality where he lived, and entertained great hopes in their development. He lived a long and useful life and leaves behind him a good name. Peace to the ashes of L. L. Petty.
PETTY, 4.110 Lewis Ledbetter (I3795)

Commentary: DWD 4.111

Jackson M. Petty and his wife, Narcissa Myatt, were married 28 Feb. 1853 in Dickson Co., TN, and Narcissa probably died giving birth to their only son, James D. Petty, in December 1853. I do not have any details on his second wife, Cora Ann Hibbs, who must have died before 1860 because only Jackson Petty is listed on the 1860 census for Dickson Co., TN, living in the household of his mother, Jerusha J. Petty, along with his six year old son, James D. Petty. On 21 Dec. 1868, Jackson married thirdly his second cousin, Polina J. Petty (5.278), and to this union there were five children and they were all born in Dickson Co., TN, and where they grew up on his farm.
PETTY, 4.111 Jackson M. (I3796)

Commentary: DWD 4.112

Sarah Ann Petty married James B. Dunnagan 14 Jan. 1851 in Dickson Co., TN, where they lived the remainder of their lives and there is only record of one child born to this union. James Dunnagan is listed as a farmer on the 1860 / 70 census records for Dickson Co., TN.
PETTY, 4.112 Sarah Ann (I3797)

Commentary: DWD 4.113

Jerusha Jane Petty, who was named after her mother, married William M. Wyatt, 16 Nov. 1854, in Nashville, where her husband was living. William was engaged as an engineer for the Tennessee Manufacturing Company at Nashville. The 1860 TN census shows the family living in Nashville but by 1870, the family had resettled in Dickson Co., TN, where Jerusha managed the farm with several farm hands and domestic servants, while her husband continued his engineering work in Nashville. Jerusha was living next to her brother, Jackson M. Petty with his family, who were farming alongside them.
PETTY, 4.113 Jerusha Jane (I3798)

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